Anniversary JFK assassination and review


 
Picture of President Kennedy in the limousine ...

Picture of President Kennedy in the limousine in Dallas, Texas, on Main Street, minutes before the assassination. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

 
is an edited version on
Review  JFK  Assassination  2011: An  issue for both Democrats and Republicans. on June 9, 2011, – with more available information now.
 
INTRODUCTION
 
Today 50 years ago was the State funeral of President John F. Kennedy, – the 35th US President.
 
After 50 years we remember President John Fitzgerald  Kennedy for the things he left in both the memories of many, – and history.  Assessing him we have to recognise some errors but his large accomplishments were undeniable, – likewise his enthusiasm, his youth and his forward-looking approach in easing the tensions with the Soviet Union and Peace in general.
 
He played a unique role in his short time as US President.
 Image result for best photos JFK
It is fair to say he saved the world from a nuclear disaster dealing in his own way with the Cuba crisis in 1962, – ignoring the suggested hard-line approach.
 Image result for Family photos during JFK's missile cuban crisis
He was an inspiration for a whole generation in his time and 50 years afterwards vivid memories have been shared all over the United States.
 
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What happened in Dallas in terms of major crime with ongoing criminally negligent investigations in the past,  can’t be allowed to happen again.
 Image result for Family photos during JFK's funeral
Whilst this was allowed to happen without real reliable investigation and many things being left not aimed to be disclosed, –  it may happen again in different identities.
 
This is one of the reasons the JFK assassination can’t be put to rest as yet.
 
With the JFK assassination the US made a significant historical change with e.g. immediately afterwards an increase in the war activities in Vietnam  and more bombs being dropped over there than during  the second world war in Europe. After the JFK assassination a highly controversial  Lyndon Johnson took over as US President with close connection with the notorious FBI Chief Herbert Hoover and various others. If the JFK assassination would not have taken place LBJ would have been replaced as Vice-President as due to his own history of corruption. Hence the full background dynamics being important to be revealed, – including the forces behind this assassination. The Vietnam war became a massive drama and created significant unrest in the US.
 Image result for LBJ taking over from JFK
When Robert F Kennedy in 1968 decided to run for the US Presidency as part of the movement against the war in Vietnam and as part of a growing need for social justice he was assassinated in June by likely the same undercurrents in US society who wanted to continue the war in Vietnam.
 

Boris Yaro’s photograph of Robert F. Kennedy lying wounded on the floor immediately after the shooting. Kneeling beside him is 17-year-old Juan Romero,[1] who was shaking Kennedy’s hand when Sirhan Sirhan fired the shots.
Location Ambassador Hotel, Los Angeles, California, USA
Coordinates 34°03′35″N 118°17′50″W / 34.0597°N 118.2971°W / 34.0597; -118.2971Coordinates: 34°03′35″N 118°17′50″W / 34.0597°N 118.2971°W / 34.0597; -118.2971
Date June 5, 1968 12:15 a.m. (Pacific Time Zone)
Target Robert F. Kennedy
Weapon(s) .22 caliber Iver-Johnson
Deaths 1
Injured (non-fatal) 5
Perpetrator Sirhan Sirhan
 (Photo credit: Wikipedia)
 
The FBI did contribute then to various unrest and violence outside the  Democratic Convention in Chicago, with brutal force against anti Vietnam war demonstrations, adding as such to a climate of major social unrest after the murders of both Martin Luther King and Robert Kennedy.
 Image result for FBI contributing to violence during the democratic convention Chicago 1964
All this helped to get the notorious Richard Nixon to become US President who worked with the military establishment to favour and carry out massive bombardments with chemical warfare in North Vietnam.
 Image result for massive bombardments with chemical warfare in North Vietnam.
After it proved that he ordered the Watergate burglary he had to step down to avoid both impeachment and further criminal prosecution. His first Vice President  Spiro Agnew had to step down as due to fraudulent activities and a new Vice – President was nominated before Nixon had to resign from office.
 
Watergate scandal
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Events
 (Photo credit: Wikipedia)
 
This new Vice-President was Gerald Ford. Ford was called in Congress once “The CIA Man”. The last was not a surprise. Gerald Ford has been closely connected with the Warren Commission and leaked all confidential information to Herbert Hoover. The mission of the Warren Commission was to satisfy the public with an investigation into the JFK assassination, but to mislead all US citizens about the truth regarding CIA involvement.  Most of the participants of  this Warren Commission were very compliant and if there was any doubt, Gerald Ford made sure  that Herbert Hoover from the FBI was informed as Hoover had ways to change people’s mind.  Hoover had secret files about almost anybody.
 Image result for Gerald Ford the CIA man
FBI and CIA were not always friendly with each other, but agreed however on the assassination of JFK  together with the new President (LBJ)  that the truth should be concealed at any cost, which happened up until now.
 
Various witnesses disappeared at the time or were killed, evidence disappeared or was tampered and/or did not reach the Warren Commission.
 Image result for Various witnesses disappeared at the time or were killed, evidence disappeared or was tampered and/or did not reach the Warren Commission.
When Gerald Ford took over from Richard Nixon he knew that further investigations in the Watergate scandal would open a can of worms leading to CIA connections being closely associated with the JFK assassination (some of the Watergate burglars were connected with the JFK assassination), – hence Richard Nixon got a full pardon. 
 Image result for Watergate burglars were connected with the JFK assassination), - hence Richard Nixon got a full pardon.
Any further investigation would  incriminate both Nixon and Ford and so the change of events after the 22nd of November in Dallas continued to scar various governments.
 Image result for Watergate burglars were connected with the JFK assassination), - hence Richard Nixon got a full pardon.
It went on to President Herbert Walker Bush, who has been Vice-President under President Reagan and President after the Reagan administration. Bush senior (a lot younger then) was present during a CIA briefing the day after the assassination in Dallas. Being later on CIA Director he had full insight in related state secrets. The war in Vietnam finished at the end of April 1975, but all Administrations after JFK – apart from the Carter Administration – had dark secrets with the CIA. Never disclosed in full to Congress.  
 
The background powers (due to be reduced under the Kennedy Administration) increased in strength and influence after the JFK assassination.
 
The first Iraq war under Bush senior was  justified as there was a UN mandate and Iraq did invade Kuwait. Bush stopped this war when the UN mandate was completed. 
 
President Clinton took over as US President from Herbert Walker Bush but the power of the CIA during the Reagan/Bush years had grown so much that he could not speak up against the Iran Contra scandal, when he was Governor in Arkansan. Under Federal Management one of the airports in Arkansas was used for getting drugs into the country, whilst the profits and military support went to the contra’s in the dirty war in Nicaragua.  Bill Clinton was aware then what was happening and did neither share concern at Congressional level on behalf  of the Democratic Party and his conscious, nor did he  respond to – or support – a public request for independent investigations in Arkansas then. And so Clinton – like some of his predecessors – was  already compromised before even entering the White House.
 
When George W Bush became President the background powers in the US had more or less free play as Dick Cheney the Vice-President (who served under earlier Administrations) and the Defence Secretary Donald Rumsfeld (who served as well under earlier Administrations) were joint allies,  – both in the stand down of security during 9/11, the controlled demolitions, and the cover up with a heavily delayed establishment of the “9/11 Commission”. The last having the Government mission to allow an investigation, but to mislead the public as well. However as the Warren Commission did after the JFK assassination, also “the 9/11 Commission’s” conclusions left many unanswered questions whilst 2 wars for the wrong reasons were started  with many abuses of human rights. 
 
At present both George Bush, Rumsfeld and Cheney can’t enter Switzerland without the risk of being arrested and standing trial for what they have to answer for in line with Swiss law.  However not in the US.  In the US they get protection as no further investigations have been supported despite many high ranking officials like ex FBI Division Chief Ted Gunderson and e.g. Major General Albert Stubblebine (the last being ex Commanding General of the US Army Intelligence) reflected on 9/11 being an internal job,  – facilitated by the CIA to provide the US President an excuse to go to war.
 
It goes that far that if the past Administration would have be denied protection by President Obama, the current President would have found himself on a collision course with the CIA and the Pentagon from the beginning of his Administration, – with the 22nd of November 1963 not unlikely due to be repeated.
 
President Obama did chose to leave the past behind and concentrate on the future whilst more pressing problems were at stake in 2009, including a terrible financial situation of the United States.  Apart from this an “Imperfect Union” , widespread divisions and significant security issues pending. He balanced well amidst all this with a stable forward looking view on his anticipated policies for the future.
 
History changed however forever after the assassination of JFK, as the background powers in the US were allowed to grow at exceptional levels without too much resistance. People being President were already compromised at times before they even became President and had to work with both the CIA and the Pentagon, not rarely on the conditions of those Agencies or Organisations. 
 
President Obama did not only take over the budget deficit from his predecessor, he took also over a CIA and Pentagon being more strongly established than President Truman ever contemplated when he warned for those excessive powers. Only in the right hands those powers can work for the real benefit of the US, but in the wrong hands they may inflict disaster at world level. Hence President Obama had to balance wisely, with courtesy, diplomacy and using his level of influence for the benefit indeed of a better Union. It proved to be difficult enough with the right wing part of the Republican party being as obstructive as it could be.
 
With the assassination of John Fitzgerald Kennedy the US Government was in retrospect in a wider sense responsible for perverting the course of justice in a major crime against both the US and the deepest foundations of the Constitution, – which determines where the balance of power should be.
 
They could walk away from it. Never being convicted, as they were able to be protected by the law they compromised. The FBI Chief Hoover made sure protection was in place for those who worked with him.  This was possible in the United States of America. It will be still possible in the US  as the US has no sufficient accountability systems on board within this domain to prevent those things, – if they would ever occur again in a variety of scenario’s.
 
Both the CIA and the FBI have a lot of good people doing their job with conviction and integrity and there have been many people at the highest levels of the CIA and the Military Establishment asking for renewed investigations in e.g. the 9/11 drama, – as things simply did not add up and this incident with all its mysterious demolitions and the Pentagon being more likely attacked by a missile etc went too far. The background powers were even now prepared to allow and escalate a terror attack on US ground, whilst with premeditated controlled demolitions of  some WTC buildings a drama was created  to mislead public opinion afterwards and allow the US to go to war in an area ready for a US war after the CIA “work up” during the Clinton Administration since 1992.
 
It is clear that when the order to kill comes from “higher levels”, those who are responsible are often able to walk away, as long as they stick to the conduct of silence.
 
This is the reason we have to go back to the JFK assassination, back to the facts as they were and learn from it, – because this assassination was an “internal Pearl Harbour” against both the US Constitution, the law and everything where the US  is supposed to stand for. The enemy was within the systems of Government and not outside.
 
This is an issue for both US Republicans and Democrats to resolve as part of effective legislation perhaps, but finally as well as part of a realistic historical view on US Government dynamics during and after the JFK assassination.
 
CHANGED PERCEPTIONS

(Abbreviations used:  JFK= John Fitzgerald Kennedy.   LBJ=Lyndon Baines Johnson.   RFK= Robert Francis Kennedy.   MLK= Martin Luther King).  ARRB = Assassination Records Review Board 1998)

—————>>>>>>>>

The freedom of information act in the US did show various new information on lots of issues in the US, including e.g. more documents about the assassination of President John F Kennedy on the 22nd of November 1963 in Dallas.

Enough material is available now to change the perception on JFK’s death and the circumstances leading to it, – however much of the available information has been in part redacted, changed over time, and some most secret documents not being released as yet.

FBI files created by former FBI Chief J Edgar Hoover do contain information with various degree of reliability as his files were at times used to compromise his own opponents or the opponents  of those persons he had a good working relation with.

Despite many publications already over the last 50 years,   it would seem that some recent records have not been put together as yet, – and the aim of this article is to give a fresh review on what actually happened in Dallas, including  the dynamics leading to it.

It is not that important for the purpose of this article who fired the real shots from the various directions.

More important however are the forces behind the assassination of  this popular President,  who was perceived as a danger by different groups and people at the same time. As will be illustrated, this created as such an opportunity to help to develop a monster plot with the help of fugitive undercurrents,  which existed at the core of America’s democracy. Hence what is known about it and still on classified files are not likely to be released, not even in 2017.

The US – in retrospect – allowed JFK to be killed without any full and proper investigations after the assassination, with most  justice systems deliberately failing at the same time, and officials including media misleading the public. It did affect the heart of the US as a democracy 50 years ago, but events in US politics continued to affect the heart of the US as a democracy,  in various ways for decades after the 22nd of November 1963.

Today with all modern (adapted) technology being available,  together with the option by choice to reopen the investigations based on non revealed ARRB  files (transcripts, memoranda, hearings etc) after the final (not conclusive)  ARRB Report (which is  filed in 1998 at the JFK Collection at the National Archives and Records Administration in College Park,Maryland), – renewed investigation is an option for a democracy which does respect itself in terms of lasting justice.

Based on well documented wiretaps of mobsters before and after the JFK assassination, the House Assassination Committee concluded 16 years after the Dallas crimes:   “There is solid evidence….that Hoffa, Marcello and Trafficante – 3 of the most important targets for criminal prosecution by the Kennedy Administration – had discussions with their subordinates about murdering President Kennedy.”

For certain the mob was a beneficiary for the assassination, but there were more. The organised crime drive in particular from the Attorney general Robert Kennedy prompted certainly a plan to strike back. In the first instance it would be an assassination on Robert Kennedy but the plan shifted later to the President.

The information about the JFK assassination till so far provides really more direction, – on how high-ranking American Government officials (including President Lyndon B. Johnson) dealt with matters after that fateful day in Dallas in 1963.  However there is more to this to be discussed.

WHAT HAPPENED IN THE EARLY DAYS OF  JFK’s  PRESIDENCY?

Three days after the Bay of Pig crisis at the early start of his Presidency, – Kennedy ( being insufficient  informed by both the CIA and the Pentagon Generals)  started a Cuban Study Group (leaded by General Maxwell Taylor) to “direct special attention to the lessons which can be learnt from those events in Cuba.”    It sounds trivial but  “The Cuba study group” was  a significant creation of the Kennedy Presidency and whilst receiving little notice at the time, it was the source of utter CIA discontent after Allen Dulles as head of the CIA was fired by the President, – following  his failures within the CIA to advise him in line with correct procedure about the pending Bay of Pig invasion in Cuba, including its viability. The Bay of Pig  invasion in Cuba was a profound disaster for various reasons. Kennedy took responsibility for this.

Both the Kennedy’s and the CIA/Pentagon started a collision course as due to profound different perceptions on the military future of the US, – besides various personal animosities which played at a different level than the animosities with the mob. The introduction of Robert Kennedy in various security meetings as requested by the President, and RFK’s high level of assertiveness with some controversial Generals did not go always very well.

JFK ignored during the Cuban missile crisis (which brought the world close to nuclear disaster), – military advise to attack Cuba and with restraint and a last-minute deal with the Soviets on US missiles in Turkey, – he avoided an all out nuclear confrontation with the Soviet Union. The Pentagon advised to attack Cuba, indicating this was the best course of action, however in retrospect nuclear missiles were already installed in Cuba and Russian commanders were under the instruction to fire those nuclear missiles in case of a US attack on Cuba. The Pentagon’s advise at the time was that there were only missile installations and no missiles as yet, – this illustrating how the intelligence worked at the time. JFK’s reservations about his military advisers increased and vice versa.

Again against Military &  CIA  advise  JFK  wanted  to ease the tensions with the Soviet Union to avoid war. He knew the dangers of war and being ready though to go to war if there was really no other rational option anymore,  war was for him really the last resort, – whilst war actually seemed to be the priority choice of some hard-liners within the Pentagon. Some of those hardliners proposed a pre-emptive nuclear strike on the Soviets, which got JFK really more worried about the Pentagon than a surprise attack from the Soviet leader at the time.

JFK’s  “Peace speech” reflected his ability to humanize the Soviet Union, whilst his “Berlin speech” showed his profound dismay with the political system.  Both JFK’s Peace speech and his speech about “Secret Organisations” in the US did indicate the direction this President wanted to follow, – besides the politics of transparency. This stunned both the CIA and the Pentagon

Fidel Castro in Cuba (a close ally of the Soviets)  remained however a significant obstacle (already since the Eisenhower Administration),  and a secret joint mission of both the CIA and the Mafia (the last with connections in Cuba) were close of being executed at the end of 1963.  The mission was  to kill Castro.  Robert Kennedy was involved in those plans, but tried however to stop Mafia involvement on the 7th of May 1962 during  a briefing  from CIA officials.

The Church Committee in 1975  reported that after this CIA briefing and discussion with Robert Kennedy, – the CIA with William Harvey continued to work closely with at least Rosselli to arrange the assassination of Castro.  This is significant as it is clear as  with other Presidents there was no full control over the CIA. The mob including Sam Giancana John Rosselli and Trafficantes had certain cooperative roles with the CIA (those roles being established for  quite some time already) –  long before the Kennedy Administration.

President Kennedy was aware of the potential use of Giancana, whilst having an affair with his mistress (Exner). The last did not put him in an easy position with the FBI Director Hoover, who was aware of this. This apart from the fact that Kennedy’s affair with Exner was taking a high risk to be compromised.

JFK planned for the future to recognise Cuba, assuming if  “they would buy toasters and dishwashers” – at some stage they would throw Castro out themselves. Obviously he did not accept nuclear missiles in Cuba directed at any city in the US, – but he preferred to ease at least some of the tensions about Cuba in his second term in office,  if he would win the 1964 elections.

He preferred a pragmatic approach and not increasing tensions, – again against hard-liners within the CIA and the Pentagon who started to perceive JFK as a security risk for the US, – especially as President Kennedy had little desire to escalate matters in Vietnam..

Under the Eisenhower Administration the CIA had already directives to coöperate with the mafia to overthrow Castro and under the Kennedy administration the CIA developed plans to gun down Castro in Cuba with the help of the Mafia. The Mafia had a strong interest in a Cuba without Castro for different reasons. The Church Committee discovered some aid plots  involving the CIA from 1960 to 1965 to assassinate Fidel Castro.

In 1960 President elect John F Kennedy was told by the CIA’s deputy Director, Richard Bisell, about the plot to kill Castro. This included mob help from Giancana, who has been asked by Frank Sinatra to help the Kennedy campaign in Illinois during the 1960 elections. Joseph Kennedy,sr would possibly seem to have asked the mob to help somehow as well but did not make any deals. Reportedly Frank Sinatra actually made a deal (without Joseph Kennedy being directly involved), assuming that he did do the right thing for the Kennedy’s. He did indicate even that JFK (once elected) would leave the mob as much as possible alone. However this did not happen.

Meanwhile the mob felt utterly  betrayed by both the President and his brother (the Attorney General), – as they anticipated protection once JFK was elected President. Once in office, Robert Kennedy in his function of Attorney General (on behalf of his brother) started the most intensive crusade against organised crime in US history.  The Kennedy’s had even before the 1960 elections involvement in vigorously anti- crime dealings as documented in the hearings with Jimmy Hoffa – the boss of the Teamsters – when JFK was Senator of Massachusetts.  As matters evolved in the White House, they (the mob and Jimmy Hoffa)  increasingly hated both the Kennedy brothers, and with Jimmy Hoffa  (an old RFK enemy)  they waited for the right timing for revenge. Giancana cursed Kennedy indicating that he went out of his way to help him to win the election, whilst his brother (“Bobby”) was targeting the mob. The last  with great embarrassment for Giancana  personally in respect to the other Mafia families.

On the one hand it seemed to the mob that the Kennedy Administration (with the President even having an affair with Giancana’s mistress, hearing Mafia secrets perhaps) were tolerating perhaps CIA mob connections  to assassinate Castro, – whilst  on the other hand being tough on organised crime. They really could not take this.

With Robert Kennedy in the final analysis trying to stop those long existing connections, –  this may have really infuriated both the CIA and the mob again,  who felt both let down  by the Kennedy’s anyway. Exner (Giancana’s mistress) once said: “They hated Bobby!”

Frank Ragano (Tampa mob lawyer) once reflected on a chilling conversation between his clients Trafficante, Jimmy Hoffa and Carlos Marcello. The three of them have been under scrutiny as a result of Robert Kennedy’s organised crime drive and had strong motives for revenge and survival. They considered what would happen if anything would happen to Bobby and they agreed that the President would  go after his enemies with added determination. The other option was “if something would happen to the President”, – Hoffa asked.     “Lyndon Johnson would get rid of Bobby”,  – one of Hoffa’s lawyers reflected.

OTHER BENEFICIARIES  OF  JFK ‘s  ASSASSINATION?

Obviously Robert Kennedy was in a profound state of shock after the death of his brother. He had not only to deal with his own grief, the grief of the Kennedy family, – but he became aware that he has been on a collision course for which he felt he was in part to blame.

When Robert was assassinated in 1968 he went to his grave likely believing that there was a real connection between his organised crime drive and his brother’s assassination, – which proved not to be true. The forces were far more stronger and complex than the Mafia on its own.  During the Kennedy Administration the spirit of the “cold war environment” was that within the CIA anything was allowed to overthrow Castro and to oppose the Soviets.   Within this context a further collusion of interest evolved between  more beneficiary’s of President Kennedy’s death. With close connections between the CIA and those in Cuba feeling hostile to Castro  – ( the CIA,  the mob and anti Castro people feeling betrayed by Kennedy due to him aborting the Bay of Pig invasion with no further support from the air)  – further dynamics were evolving, with both the CIA and the FBI (Hoover) developing  increasing resentments against JFK.  The CIA and FBI not always friendly with each other recognised some common ground on JFK and his brother.  Those groups had already positive connections with Vice – President Lyndon Johnson. However also with former vice -President Nixon. ( As a matter of interest Jack Ruby who killed Lee Harvey Oswald, the alleged assassin of JFK, – has been working for Richard Nixon since 1947). The question was how the CIA and the Military would  be involved.  – or was it the other way around? The last is an interesting question and the final answer will be somehow documented in the record still being on file.

JFK’s intentions to ease the tensions with the Soviet Union and a leaked memo that he was prepared to withdraw from Vietnam – on top of earlier evidence in which he showed  to follow a  line of action  independent from his military advisers (in close consultation with his brother RFK), – seemed to turn the tide really against him. In the public arena his speeches reflected directions of peace and opposition against activities of so-called “secret societies”. What Truman said in private about the CIA and the military, –  Kennedy brought in public what both the CIA and secret organisations (e.g “Skull and Bones”)  never wanted to hear. What was going to happen if this President was going to be re elected again in 1964, with such strong ties with his influential brother???

JFK’s direction was clearly against the hardliners within both the CIA and the Pentagon. Whilst both the Pentagon and the CIA were  strongly in favour to increase the war efforts in Vietnam, President Kennedy – supporting those efforts initially (as he did with the Bay of Pigs, based on wrong advise),  – became increasingly aware that this was not the desired direction for the future. When a secret document leaked that he wanted to withdraw from Vietnam he added only to increasing animosity with some Pentagon Generals, – besides the CIA.  The mob was quite willing to coöperate with both the CIA and others to do “the job” in Dallas (they had good coöperation with the CIA anyway about Cuba) and 3 different assassination scenario’s seemed to have been in place that day if the attempt on Daley Plaza would fail.  The CIA and the mob were in agreement “to sort JFK out”, each for different reasons. Alan Dulles, despite being fired as CIA boss, still had close connections with some hardliners within the CIA and there was still real animosity.  A profound difference in perception on the strategic military direction of the US was at the heart of this animosity, despite the fact that Kennedy was able to deal with the Pentagon more favourably than at the beginning of his Presidency. After all, the outcome of the Cuba crisis gave him some credit from at least a few within the Pentagon. The views on the future remained however most antagonistic. It was at a time as well that JFK was not too keen to have Johnson as his running-mate for the 1964 elections as due to past corruption scandals of LBJ and various other things to be leaked to LIFE magazine by RFK.

The fact that the President had such a close bond with his brother ( the Attorney general), even where it came to military operations, indicated for the Pentagon that this President (despite being prepared to listen)  would do it his own way. The CIA had similar perceptions.

Under President Truman the insidious power of the CIA became quite clear and both Truman and President Eisenhower warned for this as part of Constitutional fears for criminal peace time operations (the CIA often being side tracked from its original assignment). The CIA evolved into an operational and at times a policy making arm of the Government. Kennedy being aware and warned for those dangers by his predecessors, wanted to change this situation eventually, – being supported by his brother.  JFK reportedly planned to dismantle the CIA and the Federal Reserve whilst being ready to expose their illicit operations, – the last being most significant, but most dangerous!

Robert Kennedy not being convinced that CIA protection for the President would be always effective had contemplated on facilitating a private guard, – disconnected from the CIA, as the tensions were clearly felt. Some dangers were felt, however not that obvious as yet.

Beyond all those issues, JFK was  really able to reach outside the traditional and existing cold war perceptions of the US establishment, looking at the bigger picture to survive on this planet with a more global perspective, – whilst the CIA & the Pentagon under no circumstances wanted to buy into this, if required at all costs.

FURTHER DEVELOPMENTS

The question is how would above groups could work together. There was one more (but most significant!)  beneficiary of the assassination of the President.  Robert Kennedy opposed Lyndon Johnson for various reasons and both the Kennedy’s wanted to replace Lyndon Johnson as Vice President. As mentioned. In the 1960 LBJ was just a practical choice for JFK in the run up to the 1960 elections. The relationship between LBJ and the Kennedy brothers was at times  strained and in particular the Vice President’s relationship with Robert Kennedy were at times close to “explosive”. Lyndon Johnson had profound fears for going to jail about a potential exposure of the Bobby Baker scandal and Robert Kennedy fed extremely damaging information to LIFE magazine to show Lyndon Johnson’s corruption that would blow him “out of the water, once and for all”.

The Kennedy’s and LIFE magazine were – before JFK’s Dallas trip – only days away from politically executing Lyndon Johnson, – with his history of corruptions whilst running the Senate as a Majority leader, with LBJ still having an adviser with close Mafia connections in place. The Vice Presidential ticket in 1964 was most likely to go to either Gerry Sanford of North Carolina or George Smathers of Florida. LBJ was most aware of this!

Bobby Baker was Lyndon Johnson’s secretary and political adviser from the early 50ties until 1962, – however at the time with close connections with mobster Giancana in various business entities, – as discovered by Robert Kennedy. Robert Kennedy also found out that that Baker was also involved in procuring women for President Kennedy, the last having a well documented interest for females (at times most risky liaisons), – with  an added risk for further black-mail  from the FBI Director Hoover.

Whilst working for LBJ in the White House, Baker continued to have close connections with Giancana and an associate of Jimmy Hoffa, – together with Clint Murchison. Not the best people to connect with if your boss is US Vice-President. It is clear how close the mob was to both Baker and via Baker, – to LBJ.   LBJ received a pay off of $100000,= cash in a suitcase as due to his role in securing Fort Worth TFX contract (witnessed by Don B. Reynolds), which was needless to say both corrupt and highly controversial in his place.

After LBJ became President one of the first things was to contract B.Everett Jordan to prevent this information being published and a smear campaign was organised to damage Reynolds, – strongly assisted by FBI Chief Hoover who had developed a file about him. It is clear in retrospect that LBJ was under massive threat before the Kennedy assassination of his corruption being exposed by RFK.  As Jimmy Hoffa’s lawyer noted in a conversation mentioned earlier, the problem would not be solved by taking Robert Kennedy out of the picture.

LBJ  was for Government Agencies an ideal candidate for a Kennedy succession if  Government Agencies together with the mob could settle “the matter” on the 22 nd of November 1963 in Dallas at 12.30 pm. The timing was right as it would not be in LBJ’s interest to have the Bobby Baker scandal and his corruption leaked to the press. The last would indeed blow the light out of his political career. For the Vice President’s protection he needed not to be fully aware of all the in’s and out’s but his full help with the cover up afterwards was enough. LBJ had already “dirty hands”, as reportedly he has murdered a number of people in Texas (eg Henry Marchall in June 1961 ) to cover up his corruption scandals and at the background it would seem he set the scene at Dealy Plaza with others.

LBJ and Hoover had dinner at Murchison’s mansion shortly before the assassination. After this meeting LBJ told his mistress Madelyn Brown that the Kennedy’s “will never embarrass me again”. Some close associates of LBJ in 2006  (many years later) reflected similar suspicion’s of LBJ’s involvement in the JFK assassination.

In the 1980ties Billie Sol Estes – a close associate of LBJ – (just released from prison in 1983) , began confessing the murder on Henry Marshall on the orders of LBJ. The authorities never re investigated the Henry Marchall case, but it was clear that there was a risk that Henry Marchall would have “blown the whistle” at a most inconvenient moment in LBJ’s political career. Reportedly LBJ had a personal “hitman”. Reportedly as well he was ready now for “the clean up” of the Kennedy Administration with the required background support from various areas. Obviously organised crime was required to cover up the operation and both the FBI and the CIA were more than helpful with this and vice versa. Many witnesses (some 72) disappeared or were found dead after poisoning or “an accident”. LBJ was already a heavily corrupted man when he became President, and the truth about the Kennedy assassination would not serve any of his interests, neither the interests of the people he worked with in both the CIA and the FBI.

There are more stunning links.

George  Herbert  Bush (later President) worked for the CIA in 1963 and was pictured on Dealy  Plaza as one of the “crime spotters”.  Richard Nixon joined Hoover on the night of the 22st of November 1963, – the day before Kennedy arrived in Dallas. There is FBI evidence that former President George H. Bush was the recipient of a full CIA briefing on the day after the assassination of JFK, in his younger years. FBI Director Hoover wrote a memo referring to the Bush,sr briefing,   and the night before JFK was assassinated both Hoover met with others at the Dallas house of Texas oil baron Collin J “Clint” Murchison,jr as far as reports of the retired army brigadier General William Penn Jones concerned. Hoover like LBJ were most aware of what was going to happen, – likewise Richard Nixon. Never ever would Nixon later on as President allow further Watergate investigations as E Howard Hunt with a few other CIA man were both involved in the Watergate burglary and the JFK assassination.

All this information is on file and available on internet research. As earlier reflected some of the finer details are not disclosed as yet and are not due to be disclosed as they are still considered to be top secret.

Edgar J Hoover (the FBI Chief) was a close friend and neighbour of Vice – President Lyndon Johnson, – besides being a respected friend of Richard Nixon. Traditionally Hoover gathered as much as possible controversial information about any potentially threatening incumbant President and in this case he had  a file on the Kennedy’s to maintain his extremely powerful position within the FBI.  He was despised by both Kennedy’s and Hoover hated in particular Robert Kennedy,  the Attorney General (his boss at the time) , – but for certain JFK as well. His file could potentially destroy the Kennedy Presidency hence  the Kennedy’s had to put up with him. No President was able to remove Hoover as Hoover proved to be a master in creating controversial material. Besides this Hoover was on the verge of war with the Kennedy’s about their support for the equal rights movement  after the lessons from the “Freedom Riders” from Nashville in 1961 in Alabama.  Police inflicted repugnant violence in the police state of Alabama, with the FBI supporting the Ku Klux Clan. Whilst the Attorney General Robert Kennedy queried perhaps the wisdom of the Freedom Riders for their endeavours at that particular time, – supported however by his brother the US President –  he did sent Federal Troops in to protect those people. It proved that Hoover ignored his boss and no FBI protection was provided at all, despite promises.

(At the time of RFK’s death later on in 1968,  RFK was the representative for social change in the US,  for the last even more hated as well by Hoover.)

As one can see, the decision to take President John Fitzgerald Kennedy out of the picture evolved into a joint effort of various high-ranking groups and persons collaborating at the same time. Similar the disappearing of many witnesses was the effort of the same collaborating persons and groups as well, – after the Dallas crime took place. Those who gave the orders are still protected by US law,  not to be release documents incriminating the highest US officials.

Never ever was the world allowed to know what happened, – but as one can see the assassination was a Coupe d’ Etat, with a cover up of massive proportions – to be even continued under President Nixon , President Ford and Presidents following.  LBJ in retrospect blamed Castro from Cuba organising the crime, whilst admitting in 1971 that he never believed in Oswald acting alone. Before he died in the 70ties, – LBJ claimed that the JFK assassination was likely retaliation from Castro on a potential assassination in which both the CIA and the mob would be involved, and that Robert Kennedy has been involved in this anti Castro plot. In 1969 he claimed indirectly in an interview with Walter Cronkey that there could have been international connections. President Gerald Ford however (member at the time of the Warren Commission) –  just before he died in 2006 – reflected in his memoirs that the CIA was involved, which leaves besides all the other things only one conclusion about LBJ’s inconsistent reflections, and him as a person.

Robert Kennedy in agony at times about various questions he had, – asked Johnson at some stage: “Why did you kill my brother?”- Robert Kennedy knew the secrets of the Kennedy Administration, he had suspicions on both the CIA and the Mafia as well. However he was not sure as yet.  After resigning as Attorney General in the Johnson Administration (FBI Chief Hoover totally ignored him),  RFK  became elected and was “allowed” to be the Senator for New York where he would be of no harm to the LBJ Administration.

RFK accepted the outcome of the Warren Communion as he had little choice, being  both aware of the background powers and the potential of  further (anti) Kennedy smear campaigns. Besides this he was profoundly and for quite some time in despair about the death of his brother.

Robert Kennedy however was under close watch, in particular when he decided to run for the Presidential elections in 1968, – opposing both the sitting President Lyndon Johnson and the Vietnam war. If he would prove to win California in the primaries he would most likely get the Democratic nomination and being elected US President after Johnson, defeating Nixon in his second efforts against a Kennedy.  For certain RFK would have decided to withdraw from  Vietnam and change the CIA, being aware of the dangers of the CIA. Besides this he would have endeavoured a different direction for the United States, as his grief had made him more compassionate for  the less privileged  groups in and outside the US.

With Bobby Kennedy being nationally an increasing popular Presidential candidate he did sign in a way  his own death sentence.  Both the FBI Chief Hoover and the same undercurrents in the CIA with mob connections  involved in the murder of his brother, did not allow a second Kennedy to be President, – and for certain not Robert Francis Kennedy!  President Johnson felt again profoundly under threat of Robert Kennedy. It was beyond any doubt that no RFK could be allowed in the White House, by all “ruling parties” (including Nixon at the background, supported by Hoover).  Besides a different direction for the US,  for certain RFK  would be able to unravel the Coup d’Etat as it took place in Dallas the 22nd of November 1963. This would  neither be in Hoovers interest, nor in the interest of the CIA, nor in the interest of Nixon or LBJ or any other party involved in the JFK assassination less than 5 years before. It will be interesting to know which reflections are stored in the secret US files incriminating those people who gave the orders. For certain the CIA connection has been established already, but it is unclear where the instructions came from.

A smartly constructed CIA conspiracy ended Robert Kennedy’s  race for the White House in Los Angeles, June 1968. Various bullets were fired. Martin Luther King,jr was just assassinated a couple of months before by likely the same undercurrents with FBI involvement as well. Hoover hated MLK,  including the movement against the war in Vietnam.  All this created massive unrest at all corners of the US, – besides sadness after 2 assassinations in a row.  Within this climate of unrest it was not that difficult for Nixon to be elected after Robert Kennedy’s assassination  in 1968 and President Nixon  intensified the war in Vietnam. FBI Chief Hoover was a close ally of the Nixon Administration, – feeding Nixon with all sorts of wired taped material of conversations between people which could provoke potential damage if used. Henry Kissinger, who reportedly served as a dual agent for both Germany and Russia during the second world war, became Secretary of State under the Nixon Administration. When Nixon had to resign over the Watergate scandal, Gerald Ford took over as the 38th President of the US. The first thing he did – and I repeat saying this – was a Presidential Pardon for Richard Nixon, as such avoiding further investigation into the Watergate affair and preventing further revelations about further connection in the Kennedy assassination as well. The New York Times stated that Nixon’s pardon was ” a profoundly unwise, divisive, and unjust act”. In one stroke it had destroyed the new President’s “credibility as a man of judgement, candour and competence.”

Regarding Gerald Ford’s involvement in the Warren Commission in 1963-1964, – Ford said far later that the CIA  destroyed or kept from investigations critical secrets about the 1963 Dallas assassination of President Kennedy. He said as well that the aim was to prevent “certain classified and potentially damaging operations in danger of being exposed.” It was the CIA’s purpose “to hide or destroy some information which can easily being interpreted as collusion in JFK’s assassination.” In other words some information has been destroyed. Before Gerald Ford died he published his memoirs in which he stated that the CIA was involved and he knew.

It is more than likely that the US military establishment including the CIA, the FBI, various of the highest Government Officials and some politicians were involved in the JFK assassination. It is not entirely clear who gave the orders and how they were executed in detail.

An FBI memo released in 2008 -again- reflected that Gerald Ford secretly provided the FBI with information about 2 members of the Warren Commission who doubted both the FBI and the Warren Commission’s conclusions about the assassination. The position of the FBI was that there was only one gun man firing from the Texas Book depository. It proved in 1978 that Ford in 1963 volunteered to advise the FBI about the full contents of all the deliberations in the Warren Commission, provided that his comments with the FBI was kept confidential. This condition was agreed with Edgar Hoover. It proved as well that Ford had strong ties with both the FBI and Hoover. The later President Ford as a member of the Warren Commission in 1963/1964, had full insight in  the deliberate failures of the Warren Commission and played a most controversial role with the FBI whilst assisting the cover up and supporting the Warren Commission’s findings. Ford at the time had close connections with the CIA as well and was likely fully aware – later on – that there was far more to Watergate which could incriminate again highest Government officials if e.g Howard Hunt (one of the Watergate burglars) would be put in a position to break the “code of silence”. Hunt made revelations on his deathbed on his and LBJ’s involvement in the JFK assassination and if  Gerald Ford would not have given Richard Nixon a Presidential Pardon, Ford as past member of the Warren Commission could be subject for impeachment as well.

Before his poisoning death Frank Sturgess told the San Fransisco Chronicle in May 1977: ” The reason we burglarized Watergate was because Nixon was interested in stopping news leaking related to the photo’s of our role in the assassination of President John F Kennedy.” Additional assassination photo’s would seem to have been available, besides assassination footage taken from a helicopter which would proof that the story about Oswald was fabricated to support the lone – gunman and magic bullet theory. When Nixon stepped down many years later as US President over the Watergate scandal to avoid impeachment and further investigations, it was (this needs to be repeated) President Gerald Ford – who has been a controversial member of the Warren Commission in 1963- who gave Nixon a “general pardon” avoiding as such any further investigations. Gerald Ford has been publicly praised as well for his courage to leave “Watergate” behind, whilst this was clearly not an act of courage. It was again a “cover-up” and  just a reflection how the “system” worked in those days, how in a row people could get the top job in the White House whilst being corrupted beforehand. This  was possible in the United States of America, this is still possible in the US and only few people know.

Both JFK and RFK did not get the chance to change the “currents” towards more justice within the political systems of the US, hence the significance of their deaths, including the corrupting powers which followed. Powers working closely together with the massive war machinery of the Pentagon at the background and CIA covert operations of immense proportions. People like Dick Cheney and Donald Rumsfeld appearing in various Bush Administrations. The Bush (Skull & Bones) and CIA links have been always very close. It may be questioned which oath was more important, the oath to Skull and Bones or the oath to the Constitution. George W Bush called the Constitution once a piece of paper only. What he inflicted or at the end was responsible for will be for decades top secret.

To come back to the original theme:

FBI Chief Hoover died in 1972 whilst President Nixon was in power.  Gerald Ford took over the Vice Presidency from Spiro Agnew (who took bribes) in 1973, – one year after Hoover died in office. Hoover was fully aware of the Nixon dealings. Gerald Ford had no Presidential ambitions when he became US Vice President under Nixon, but with his CIA background and past relationships with Hoover, – any secrets would be secured if he had to take over from Nixon.

What happened at Dealey Plaza in Dallas on  the 22nd of November 1963 was actually as follows:

An alleged change in the motorcade route was instructed at the last minute by LBJ and the CIA. When the Kennedy motorcade turned into Elmstreet, closing in on Dealey Plaza,  CIA protection officers to protect the President’s car were called back. As far as video footage concerned one of them reacted utterly surprised but they had to follow orders. Kennedy’s car reduced speed and was not protected at all, – whilst LBJ’s car had full CIA protection. The famous Zapruder footage of which fragments were confiscated by the FBI, revealed years later that the President’s head and upper torso moved profoundly backwards after the last fatal shot, indicating that one bullet was fired from the front – right area, –  Jackie  Kennedy’s head  turned just nearly in front of JFK’s face on impact of the fatal last bullet. She would have been killed if the bullet came from behind. After the first bullet the Presidential car reduced its anyway reduced speed further, allowing (?coincidence) the last bullet being to be fool proof. The exploding  impact of this last bullet was of such nature that it opened  almost completely the right upper site of JFK’s scalp, – leaving blood and brain material on the first (following) FBI police motor on the left hand site. Kennedy died on the spot after this last bullet and for him there was no further physical agony anymore.  More than 3 shots  were fired and at least 1 came from the back. Arriving at the Parkland Hospital, the President’s car was carefully and immediately cleaned by the FBI when the President was rushed into the emergency treatment room. Cleaning a crime scene by the FBI was most unusual for usual FBI protocol, but with Hoover in the background anything was possible. The autopsy report was falsified and the brains of the President appeared to be missing later on.

THE WARREN COMMISSION

The Warren Commission presents its report to President Johnson                       (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

The Warren Commission was established on the 29th of November 1963 by President LBJ and he selected a group of so-called “wise man” to investigate the assassination of JFK. The 808 page final report was presented on the 24th of September 1964 and was made public 3 days later. The conclusion was that Lee Harvey Oswald acted alone in the killing of Kennedy and wounding the Texas Governor John Connally, besides the fact that Jack Ruby acted alone in the murder of Oswald. (There are reports Nixon ordered his employee Jack Ruby to kill Oswald, but this is subject to further prove.)

The Warren Commission which has the nickname of “The Alan Dulles Commission” (because he controlled it) proved to be an utterly failure, – like many years later the “9/11 Commission” proved to be a failure.  The 3 hardcore cover up participants of the Warren Commission were the 3 Council on Foreign Relation members: Alan Dulles (Former CIA Chief and fired by JFK),  John McCloy ( “Chairman of the American establishment” – mixing at the highest levels of intelligence and business, besides being close to the Kennedy hating Texas business élite) and Gerald Ford (later US President).    Gerald Ford was -as reflected earlier- secretly reporting the contents of the Warren Commission deliberations to Hoover and the FBI and Newsweek called -I repeat- Gerald Ford in 1970 “The CIA man in Congress”. Ford served later on under President Nixon as Vice-President and Nixon reportedly called “The Warren Commission” the biggest hoax in US history. I will repeat the last one later on in context.

The Warren Commission report is indeed an illustration of many inconsistencies, exclusions of evidence, changing stories or changes made to witness testimonies, oversights and errors. Some witnesses to either the events connected to the JFK assassination or to the assassination itself were intimidated or threatened. A suspicious large number of people connected  with the investigations of the JFK assassination died. There was a pattern of deaths around the various government investigations, both during and after the Warren Commission sessions, – besides both around the times the New Orléans District Attorney Jim Garrison started his own investigation. The pattern continued whilst the Senate Intelligence Committee looked into the potential involvement of US Intelligence Agencies in the 1970ties and when the House Select Committee on assassinations was starting up its investigations later on. All those deaths for certain were desired by those not willing to be confronted to become the truth of the JFK assassination to become public, as it would shake up the entire Government and the image in the world.

Though quite a number of classified documents were released during the mid to late 1990ties, some significant records are not scheduled to be released until 2017. This was initially 2029 and not unlikely part of it will remain that way. A Government hiding those things for sure has to hide something.

Never ever lost the US a President who compromised himself with either clandestine CIA operations or CIA inflicted terror as long as the cover up systems were in place. In 1963 the US however lost a President who despite some personal flaws had the courage to decide a more independent direction from the 2 most powerful Agencies in the US, – for the benefit of the US and the world. He was entitled to do so based on fair his fair judgement on the operations of those Agencies in those days. Needless to say that if  Nixon would have been President and not JFK during the Cuba crisis, the US would have most likely attacked Cuba and the world would have been lost within the fires of nuclear destruction.

POSSIBLE CONCLUSIONS  AND  RECOMMENDATIONS:

-The last words have not been spoken about this but a few comments are justified, just to summarise a few issues:

1.>>The JFK assassination with all the cover up’s and elimination of witnesses etc,  the dark operations of both CIA & FBI,  the links with the mob at high levels,  US Presidents being involved in an enduring cover up with LBJ reportedly even directly involved in the assassination preparation, – do show the fragility of the US as a democracy.

The systems of Government with the background powers of both the CIA and Pentagon have despite warnings from earlier Presidents never changed and still put the US potentially at risk, as illustrated e.g. during the last Bush Administration. Will touch base on the last later.

2.>>>As long as systems of US Government continue to have connections with furtive undercurrents,  – real democracy in the US could be potentially in danger. Secret operations do not only take place outside the US, – but within the US as well.

3.>>>The independence of a US President can be  taken away by both the impact of the CIA and the Pentagon. Full oversight is not always possible. All CIA and military activities of any kind need to be fully authorised by the US President, – being disclosed as well to Congress. Any activities not being disclosed to both President and Congress (the last perhaps with a delay of 3 months) need to be considered as a  breach of law and/or Constitution. The same applies for the FBI.

4.>>>When a President should be impeached it is up to the House of Representatives  and the Senate to decide as such. Under no circumstances in the US “a Coupe d’Etat” as happened in 1963 should be allowed, – neither by the CIA nor by any other Government Agency and/or related or unrelated.

5.>>>Members of secret societies may have or will have at some stage a profound conflict of interest if serving  in any Government – or related body. Representatives of any Government institution or related body, should neither by law nor in the normal practice of duty have connections with either secret societies or the mafia and/or related crime organisations. If connections proven such people have to resign from office. The point is that an oath to secret societies seems to supersede the oath to the Constitution, – as e.g. reflected during the Bush Administration.

In case the President is maintaining such relationships, the normal rules for Congress and the House of Representatives are due to prepare impeachment procedures considering the nature and seriousness of the offense.

5.>>>In the “unforeseen case” a President would be assassinated, neither the course of justice nor the hearing of witnesses (without intimidation) should be compromised in any circumstances.

OF NOTE REGARDING  THE JFK  ASSASSINATION:

Also here the last words are not spoken.

1.>>>There has been a sinister cover up by various groups and highest ranking government officials to cover the truth re the JFK assassination in Dallas. Former CIA agent and Watergate figure E. Howard Hunt before his death in 2007 (in his autobiography) implicated LBJ in the JFK assassination. Hunt claimed that LBJ organised the assassination at the background with the help of the CIA, who has been angered by Kennedy’s actions as President. It has been claimed that Nixon thought that LBJ ordered the assassination, but again this is subject to evidence.

LBJ mistress (Madelyn Brown) did also implicate LBJ with the assassination of JFK. In 1997 she claimed that LBJ along with Hunt started to plan an assassination as early as 1960. Brown claimed that the conspiracy involved dozens of persons, including the leadership of the FBI.  Both the  Mafia and well known politicians have been involved, – with journalists being helpful in various ways. Similar suspicions have been echoed by a number of Johnson’s associates in the 2006 documentary “Evidence of revision.”

2.>>>Regarding the autopsy report Douglas Horn – the Assassination Record Review Board Chief analyst for military records – said that he was “90-95% certain” that the photographs in the National Archives are not of President Kennedy’s brains. Dr Gerry Aguilar together with Dr Cyril Wecht wrote in the 1999 “Consortium News”: According to Horn’s findings, the second brain – which showed an exit wound in the front –  replaced Kennedy’s real brain – which revealed greater damage to the rear, consistent with an exit wound and thus evidence from a shot in the front.

3.>>>Emiritis Professor of history David Wrone (Wisconsin University – Stephen’s Point), after examining the Zapruder film in 2003, concluded that the shot(s) that killed JFK came from the  the grassy knoll at Dealy Plaza. From 3 different angles, three shots were fired, non of them from the window of Lee Harvey Oswald at the Texas Book Depository.

The wooden fence atop the grassy knoll, and the Triple Underpass with the highway sign, which at the time of the assassination read “Fort Worth Turnpike Keep Right” in the Zapruder film.   (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

RFK  ASSASSINATION in 1968.

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=GoKzCff8Zbs

1.>>>RFK has been assassinated because the same people being in place responsible for the JFK assassination would not allow an RFK Presidency, with implications on discovery of the truth, a shake up within the CIA systems, withdrawal from Vietnam, and with a “no pardon” for LBJ, Hoover, Allan Dulles, Gerald Ford, the CIA and others. Not only this but his true sense of required social reforms were not accepted by those who wanted the status quo to be continued with Nixon.

CONCLUDING IN GENERAL:

Final conclusions are not possible as yet

1.>>>Potential dangerous US dynamics are still there and could strike again at any time in the future. As long as a US President stays within reason of the established frame work of both FBI, the CIA and the Pentagon he is on safe grounds, – however if he is braking with old traditions and existing connections – even if they are controversial or corrupt (depending on the dynamics and undercurrents), – then even a US President again would be at potential risk of being assassinated,  even if there are no constitutional grounds for impeachment. The cover up’s of the Warren Commission with all the participants, including the joint dealings of both the FBI, CIA and the Mafia on the 22nd of November 1963, – were not only unconstitutional but they were high treason to the US, hence all efforts were put in place to wipe out all potential witness and destroy or tamper most of the crucial evidence. It proved that all involved high-ranking government officials and furtive undercurrents were stronger than the US Constitution (or those who were supposed to protect this)  in their joint efforts to mislead the public  in the aftermath of this horrendous crime.

2.>>>The complications of the CIA and Pentagon being a disproportionate power in the US has never been resolved, likewise the undercurrents being involved in various actions both at US homeland and abroad, – despite historical warnings  from both Truman and Eisenhower.

Dallas 1963 proved that even for a popular and powerful US President, – neither personal safety nor Presidential protection rules will be secured if Government Agencies conspire (e.g. with the mob)  to end a US President.

3.>>>In the more recent past there are still many unanswered questions as well about e.g. the 9/11 drama including the vertical collapse of Building 7  -(WTC7) , – which did show a controlled demolition with the destruction of lots of investigative CIA material. See nr 8 again for more detail as repeating certain facts may help to see the complexities.

The building was of a very sound structure and this particular collapse had nothing to do with the obvious bin Laden’s terrorist attack in Lower Manhattan. The attack was reportedly used to provoke a drama far worse to aid the US to retaliate both in Iraq and Afghanistan with public support.

4.>>>The CIA has been called on several occasions the military wing of the Council of Foreign Relations. It has however never been as such formally established, but it seems close to the practical reality if legislation is not being implemented to cut the powers of this organisation.

  1. >>>Still the Warren Commission’s findings have never been “formally rejected” by the US Government and the United States Government allowed one of it’s finest Presidents to be killed without any proper & independent investigation, – regardless the outcome!
  2. >>>The House Select Committee on Assassinations (HSCA) in 1976 on the assassinations of JFK, MLK and the shooting of Governor George Wallace, believed that the conspiracy was neither organized by organized crime nor by anti- Castro groups but could not rule out members of those groups working together. The HSCA conducted its work mostly in secret and much of the evidence (again) was sealed for 50 years under Congressional rules.

  3. >>>In 1992 Congress created the Assassination Records Review Board with a last report on the 30th of September 1998, the day ARRB went out of existence. The ARRB was supposed perhaps to renew US citizens trust in their government, but the scope of the mission was limited.   T. Jeremy Gunn was the Executive Director and General Counsel of the ARRB. The Board from its final 236 – page report concluded that still aggressive efforts were required to pursue more information and the general concern was that still “critical records may have been withheld” from its vigorous efforts to come closer to the truth. By law this Agency was required to close its doors.

The ARRB did not re-investigate the JFK assassination (as this was not the aim), however in its search for further records it did conduct many interviews revealing new links and insights into various government operations which many federal agencies would prefer to keep out of the public’s eyes.

The ARRB had deficiencies as well by e.g. not subpoena Thomas Evan Robinson. He was one of the JFK embalmers and handwritten notes of a May 26,1992 conversation with Certified Legal Investigator Joe West were found in Joe West’s Investigator’s Notebook following West’s death in 1993. The transcript of those notes do provide further evidence that the autopsy report of JFK was falsified, adding to the conclusion that the conspiracy in the cover up was very widespread. In 1997 the ARRB interviewed the government employee who developed JFK’s autopsy photographs after his murder and she disputed each picture from the set of autopsy photo’s in the National Archives.

The ARRB documents show the planned phase withdrawal of American Forces from Vietnam by President Kennedy and the fact that the plan was immediately reversed after his assassination.

Though the ARRB did do a thorough job, the report does not reflect any of the stunning revelations contained in various declassified files under their review. Copies of the release of the grand jury records and the prosecution files were only available for public inspection from 9 am to 5 pm on the 12th of June 1998 at the Public Reading Room at the ARRB, 600 E Street, NW,Second Floor Washington, DC.20530. Thereafter the records were transferred to the JFK Collection at the National Archives and Records Administration in College Park, Maryland.

Still the assassination on President J.F. Kennedy “officially” remained shrouded in both mystery and secrecy, compounded by series of Governments penchant for secrecy. Generally spoken government secrecy has been harmful for both the confidence and truthfulness of federal agencies.  The ARRB needless to say was a firm step in the right direction, but there was still lack of access as agencies still considered release of further records too sensitive to open to the public.

Less than 50 years after the JFK assassination systems of government and/or agencies still prevent renewed investigations in the JFK assassination. It seems a step by step approach in which every decade perhaps more truth is allowed to be revealed, however not everything will be made public. Not even after 2017.

The powers behind the Executive Branch of the US Government are so powerful that it almost seems they are more powerful than the Presidency itself.

8.Within context it would seem that the US  Military and Intelligence Apparatus could not allow the JFK presidency to be continued. Hence the dramatic intervention in Dallas on the 22nd of November 1963.  This truth needed to continue to be concealed as it would compromise any trust in future US Governments and it’s Agencies.

Just before he died former US President Gerald Ford reflected in his memoirs that the CIA was involved in the JFK assassination, but he never went in detail on the extend of this involvement. This has been mentioned before but it is revealing

Former President Nixon on one of the “Watergate tapes” stated that the Warren Commission report was “the greatest hoax that has ever been perpetuated”. He did not went into detail why he questioned the report. Obviously not in the presence tape recordings.

Roger Stone, one of Nixon’s former aides, reflected in his recent book that Lyndon Johnson micro-managed Kennedy’s Dallas motorcade, insisting that it would pass through Dealy Plaza on the afternoon he was shot. This has been earlier reflected in a different context. Read more about this: https://www.google.com.au/#q=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.dailymail.co.uk%2Fnews%2Farticle-2322981%2FFormer-Nixon-aide-claims-evidence-Lyndon-B-Johnson-arranged-John-F-Kennedys-assassination-new-book.html

Hence full disclosure and new  independent investigation in the JFK assassination is required to show the dangers which are a threat to the US as a democracy. Like the Zapruder Film again showed that the last fatal shot came from a total different direction than the Warren Commission claimed http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=E0tZFkVhN00

 , – the official 9/11 Government Investigations again never explained the unexplained collapse of tower 7 (WTC7)  http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Zv7BImVvEyk

WTC7 again did contain many case files for ongoing investigations. Some three to four thousand files were destroyed. WTC 7 housed many private tenants including e.g. the CIA, the SEC, the IRS, the EEOC and the US Secret Service.

This article once more is not about 9/11 but about the issue that the truth about major (and likely Government related) criminal events in US history are kept away from public knowledge, and this includes the JFK assassination. No country or Government serves itself by accepting major crimes from the past by misleading the public it needs to serve.

In 2013 there was  the 50th anniversary of  the JFK assassination and a whole nation came together to remember the far-reaching events in Dallas on the 22nd of November 1963.

President John F Kennedy once said:

“The very word “secrecy” is repugnant in a free and open society; and we are as a people inherently and historically opposed to secret societies, to secret oaths and to secret proceedings. We decided long ago that the dangers of excessive and unwarranted concealment of pertinent facts far outweighed the dangers which are cited to justify it. Even today, there is little value in opposing the threat of a closed society by imitating its arbitrary restrictions. Even today, there is little value in insuring the survival of our nation if our traditions do not survive with it. And there is very grave danger that an announced need for increased security will be seized upon by those anxious to expand its meaning to the very limits of official censorship and concealment. That I do not intend to permit to the extent that it is in my control. And no official of my Administration, whether his rank is high or low, civilian or military, should interpret my words here tonight as an excuse to censor the news, to stifle dissent, to cover up our mistakes or to withhold from the press and the public the facts they deserve to know.”

Abraham Lincoln once reflected:  > “America will never be destroyed from the outside. If we falter and lose our freedoms, it will be because we destroyed ourselves”.

It was just 100 years later that JFK concluded:  >”A nation that is afraid to let its people judge the truth and falsehoods in an open market is a nation afraid of its people.”<

“Love is the soul of genius”, –  as one would say. Without heart no genius. The way the US Constitution has been applied in both the 9/11 drama and the JFK assassination showed neither love, nor genius, nor even “heart”. The “show” for those who did know and still do know more, has been going on until almost even 50 years after Dallas and still it does not seem to stop.

Some countries prefer to live with certain lies, even when it affects the application of the Constitution in major crimes from the relatively past. Even in the days when the future looks better under the Obama Administration. 

However not dealing with the past has the risk of repetitive events in the future under different US Presidential Administrations.

Facing the facts with love for the historical US truth may enhance the Constitution and “The Union” rather than compromising it.

Whilst there are many things far more important and pressing in the present, the past should not be forgotten. Fifty years down the line people in the US may even know more, – however without the powers to change things for the better as that opportunity then has gone.

Courage not served is both courage and truth forgotten!

Thank you!

 Paul 

Paul Alexander Wolf
Challenges of our times and generation
 
 

For those being interested in more material related to this particular article below can be found some  supportive material, – including “video” details etc ->>>>>>>>>>>>

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7j5xgNH-P6M&feature=player_detailpage

(LBJ involvement in JFK assassination)

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=OJIb73SPzkE&feature=player_detailpage

(Nixox joking about LBJ involvement, however was Nixon involved as well?)

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=i-y2KQvvYtg&feature=player_detailpage

(Watergate could open “Bay of Pigs” and Kennedy assassination)

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=loM1uaVOXTA&feature=player_detailpage

Reasons behind Watergate

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VPxz8vA6f2I&feature=player_detailpage

Gerald Ford: “The National nightmare is over…”

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-eZfS-oly10&feature=player_detailpage

Gerald Ford admits CIA involvement in the JFK assassination before his death.

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_Ua45otjKpw&feature=player_detailpage

Baker on Bush Senior & JFK assassination

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gM9TssOt5RE&feature=player_detailpage

LBJ Coup against JFK, Military Industrial Complex Profits from war in Vietnam

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dcHwMqc5pTA&feature=player_detailpage

George H.W.Bush connected to JFK assassination

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bD4611qW6R8&feature=player_detailpage

(E. Howard Hunt implicating LBJ, various editions about Howard Hunt)

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=f2b70OKzL1M&feature=player_detailpage

(CIA, NWO involvement in the JFK assassination)

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XY02Qkuc_f8&feature=player_detailpage

(Secret Service Stand down, – as clear as it !)

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=i0xiAYAHFM0&feature=player_detailpage

(CIA, Military involvement assassination)

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=adG7WAXHMgw&feature=player_detailpage

( Courageous ex- FBI members re the killer James Files, who fired the fatal head wound)

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WdsXe0cpNFo&feature=player_detailpage

(James Files speaks and admits many years later, – he received his orders)

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=IUecqrHoj3I&feature=player_detailpage

(Howard Hunt’s confession about his involvement in the JFK assassination. Hunt was involved in Watergate as well)

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5ATbhCUZxjQ&feature=player_detailpage

(Edward Lansdale, Military & CIA involvement in the JFK assassination)

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=EGFilkbzfZ4&feature=player_detailpage

(Double Cross Giancana and the Kennedy’s, the Mafia connection)

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=79lOKs0Kr_Y&feature=player_detailpage

(LBJ’s Mistress blows the whistle about Johnson’s knowledge about the JFK assassination before it happened)

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KiMCd-iSndo&feature=player_detailpage

(Ted Sorensen: JFK was “implored” to go to Texas)

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=96FDflK_Iug&feature=player_detailpage

JFK deathbed confession – Jesse Ventura

 
Related articles on the JFK assassination:
Related articles

 

US Presidential profiles in violations of Justice. (Part 8 – former President H.W. Bush)


George H.W. Bush as Vice President of the Unit...

George H.W. Bush as Vice President of the United States, official portrait. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

The 41nd US President Herbert Walker Bush

 
 “America is never wholly herself unless she is engaged in high moral principle. We as people have such a purpose today. It is to make kinder the face of the nation and gentler the face of the world”.   – H.B. Bush.
 
Again an interesting US President for various reasons. An impressive background, highly intelligent, smart in his various dealings. Reportedly not without a sense of humour.

Every US President has at least some positives, however for most of them can be said that certain activities could have been dealt with differently. In the run up to their US Presidency all those President-elects had different backgrounds, different roles and as such within the context of earlier roles different perceptions.  Lyndon Johnson claimed that ” after each success there is a crime.” Personally I am not so sure about this, but he was  “a wise man” with lots of insights in the dynamics of power and how to meet and support power within the circles of Washington. However, I would suggest to state that some success is based on crime and other success is not based on crime. For certain not “each success” is based on crime, and if it would prove for US Presidents being elected that after their success there is a crime, it becomes time to change this for the future of the US.

As explained earlier (for each of these articles), not the total legacy of the Presidency as such will be discussed. Subject of the discussion is the violations of justice in general, and in some occasions more specific against the law and the Constitution. Obviously with some of the implications.

In the range of violations of justice there have been various levels in which justice, the law  or the Constitution, can be violated. This applies to the former US President H.W. Bush as well. Bush,sr has been valued in different ways, from different point of views.  When President Bush lost the 1992 elections to Bill Clinton, he retired from public service. He worked together with Bill Clinton since the latter’s retirement from the presidency to raise money for the tsunami victims in Thailand (2004) and for the victims from Hurricane Katrina (2005). He is an elderly and frail man now.

Born in Milton, Massachusetts, 1924 as the son of a most influential Connecticut Senator (Prescott Bush, – more senior even!), Bush served from 1942 until 1945 in the Navy. Besides this he was the youngest pilot. At Yale University he received a degree in Economics and established then an oil company in Texas. Bush in his Yale years was elected President of the Delta Kappa Epsilon Fraternity, a secret organisation (later more about secret organisations). During the race for the Senate in 1964 against the Democrat Ralph Yarborough, Bush condemned the Civil Right act of 1964, regretting however this condemnation later in life. He was elected to the House of Representatives in 1966 and in 1970 he became US embassador to the UN. During the Watergate scandal with former US  President Nixon being involved, Bush was the chairman of the Republican national Committee under the Nixon/Ford Administration (1973-1974). This Committee aimed to help with the re-election of Richard Nixon. Both Nixon and the Bushes had close family ties as friends and common interests.  Bush was a profound defender of Nixon in the Watergate scandal with much background knowledge as well that Watergate could show more than desired as due to some particular  CIA agents being involved. Bush knew who were involved, including a dangerous connection with the past better not to be revealed to the public as this could mean jail for many. In the real Watergate burglary the lead CIA agent being hired to the job was  E  Howard Hunt, together with a few others .  This special CIA agent Howard Hunt was involved in the JFK assassination as well, with various significant Bay of Pigs connections. The Bay of Pigs did show on a failed invasion in Cuba at the early start of the JFK Presidency.  Nixon had Hunt to lead the Watergate operations as due to suspected JFK assassination material potentially to be found in the Democratic Headquarters of the Watergate building. Hunt knew exactly what to look for.  However once Hunt was caught he demanded from Nixon $1000000,- and to be kept out of jail, otherwise he would tell everything about the JFK assassination. Nixon was not very happy with this prospect. He told the FBI to stop investigating Hunt as he was seriously worried that Hunt would blow the whistle about the Kennedy assassination. Nixon was one of the people being involved as he was actually the architect of the Pay of Pig Invasion planned already under President Eisenhower, in close coöperation with Allen Dulles, – the CIA Director at the time. As we know Nixon was Vice President under Eisenhower and had a quite powerful position with powerful CIA connections.  Besides this it was the father of H.W.Bush being so influential that he commended Eisenhower to run for President and take Richard Nixon on as his Vice-President. It happened as he advised. Both Nixon and the Bushes were close. They did owe each other.

http://www.youtube.com/watch?feature=player_detailpage&v=dcHwMqc5pTA                                                                                                                    (George H.W. Bush’s connection with the JFK assassination)

Prescott Bush, the father of G.W Bush and the granddad of G.W Bush (or Bush, jr) was strongly opposed against a Kennedy Presidency and Nixon did receive substantial campaign support during the 1960 elections from Prescott Bush, who has been an influential Senator. As we know the invasion in Cuba failed as JFK being instructed by the CIA that the Bay of Pig invasion would be an easy thing without US forces being required, refused to use US forces when it appeared that the Bay of Pig Invasion became a disaster. Kennedy did not want an escalating war on Cuba and was dismayed about the way he was misled by the CIA. As a result of this Kennedy sacked Allen Dulles due to poor provided intelligence. Allen Dulles had both very close connections with Nixon, Bush and Johnson. Since the Bay of Pig disaster JFK has been on a collision course with both the CIA and the military leaders, and ignored advise to attack the missile sites on Cuba during the 1962 Cuba Crisis. Many years later Russian intelligence proved that the missile sites in Cuba during this crisis had already nuclear missiles and Russian commanders in Cuba were under the instruction to fire those missiles to major US cities in case the US would attack Cuba.  In retrospect this intelligence information was reportedly available within the CIA at the time,  but never tabled for discussion as some hardliner generals wanted to attack Cuba.

Through backdoor diplomacy JFK  was actually able to save the world from a nuclear holocaust. His Generals however became increasing unhappy with Kennedy when it became known that he was intending to withdraw from Vietnam. The dynamics leading up to his assassination are in part reflected in an article which can be found in the June archive of this web blog.

Bush,sr (G.H.Bush) was part of the CIA, being fully aware of the pending assassination in Dallas. He was involved in a full CIA briefing the day after the assassination, as reflected in a formal FBI memo being later released. Howard Hunt had paid off the hit team and Richard Nixon was involved via the Bay of Pig connections, who “hated Kennedy”. The former Vice-President Johnson who had a background of corruption via the Bobby Baker scandal was in the process of being fired by the Kennedy’s after Robert Kennedy leaked evidence of LBJ’s corruption to LIFE Magazine, before the assassination of his brother. Both FBI Chief J Edgar Hoover, close friends of Johnson and Nixon, and those who controlled the CIA did consider JFK as a danger and it was decided to take Kennedy out of the picture with a stand down of the CIA in Dallas on the 22nd of November 1963 and a hit team being hired. Vice-President Johnson was involved at a very early stage, with CIA background dynamics and high level contacts, including close Nixon/Bush and Allen Dulles links. Besides this he was more than willing to escalate the war in Vietnam. LBJ always thought that he should have been the US President and not Kennedy. His large ego was hurt when Kennedy got the Democratic nomination in 1960, but Kennedy did chose him as his running mate to help him to combat the southern states. It is correct that Johnson had far longer experience and besides this he was the majority leader in the Senate. Once in the White House as Vice-President (with great dislike for both the Kennedy brothers), he connected with old friends and enemies alike to serve a common purpose. Nixon being the former Republican Vice President before the Kennedy Administration (and architect of the Bay of Pig plan’s under Eisenhower) had powerful friends in both the CIA and FBI as well. FBI Chief Edgar Hoover was his friend, he shared this friend with Lyndon Johnson.

Opening Watergate investigations would open the link to Howard Hunt and if Hunt would speak about the Kennedy assassination, Nixon and all the others, with all the complexities of corrupted US governments after the JFK assassination would come to daylight. Hence  G.W. Bush‘s closest business partner Bill Liedtke paid Hunt the requested $1000000,- .

Bush working in very close coöperation with Nixon as head of his re-election committee at the time of the Watergate break-in was obviously aware of the reasons behind the Watergate break-in. If it would prove that the Democratic Party had access to aerial photographs/”video” at the time of the JFK assassination, proving that the Oswald theory in connection with the JFK assassination was fabricated, he would be eventually inflicted as well. Liedtke was the Texas finance chairman for both the Presidential campaigns for Richard Nixon.  Bush had close connections with Liedtke via the Zapata Corporation, -as mentioned. As reflected both former President Bush, Nixon and Johnson had joint interest and involvement in the Kennedy assassination. Obviously therefore it was in Bush’s interest as well that Hunt would be silenced. Jack Ruby (who killed Oswald)  worked for Nixon when Richard Nixon was a member of US Congress (under the name of Jack Rubenstein) and reportedly Nixon ordered Ruby to kill Oswald, with full backup from both the FBI and Mafia connections. Those connections have been always there, with whom both Bush and the CIA had close links in the “Bay of Pigs” associations.

President Herbert Walker Bush has a most interesting background and played a most important role as Vice President under President Reagan. There were many private sessions like his son the later President George W bush had with Vice President Cheney , the last presenting his arguments and whisper in the President’s ear.   So had Reagan H W. Bush the Vice President presenting arguments and whisper in his ear. Interestingly the later Vice-President Cheney’s firm Halliburton, Brown & Root in part financed Permindex. The last is the Corporate Front which operated the assassination on John F Kennedy.

As one may see, the world is small in “the circles of Washington”. The dynamics and interconnections are interesting.  Jack Ruby before he died in prison with no reason to lie or being afraid anymore was interviewed just before he died and said a highly interesting thing, confirming other sources on the important background role Lyndon Johnson played in the JFK assassination. He said on video tape:  “If Adlai Stevenson had been Vice President, there never would have been an assassination of President Kennedy.” The reporter asked: “Can you explain that?”

Ruby answered:    “The answer is the man who is in office now.” He did indicate on President Lyndon Johnson.

If we look now in retrospect on the assassination of Robert F Kennedy by the CIA, the background history of both Lyndon Johnson, J.Edgar Hoover at the time being the FBI Chief, and Richard Nixon the Republican candidate for the US Presidency, we can’t deny that there have been various interested parties as well not to have Robert F Kennedy being the next US President in 1968, and all major background forces working again together as well on this point to prevent this from happening, as everybody till so far mentioned would be “screwed up” with an RFK Presidency as RFK would not be the person to resist justice where justice should be applied.

Once Nixon got the US Presidency in 1968,  G.H. Bush was appointed ambassador for the UN by President Nixon and reportedly he did this with great pleasure and enthusiasm. He served then as US envoy to China (1974-1975), followed by a nomination to CIA Director in 1976 under President Gerald Ford.  (Like Bush, Ford was a member of Delta Kappa Epsilon Fraternity as well – a secret society).

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=LDbnrr_Jt_8&feature=player_detailpage                                                                                                                                   (Bush at the CIA, as CIA Director)

Nominating Bush to CIA Director was a political choice for Ford to prevent further leaks via the CIA, with a reflection to improve the image of the CIA. Preventing further leaks was most important for Ford as well as he played a highly misleading role in the Warren Commission, with him leaking all confidential information to FBI Chief Hoover. Bush’s Directorship of the CIA lasted until 1977 and was first perceived as most controversial by Senator Frank Church who did lead Senate investigations in various political assassinations in the US, including the JFK assassination (the Church Committee).

During his time as CIA Director Bush established an assessment of the Soviet threat by a team of non governmental security specialists in comparison with the official CIA estimate. This actually alarming assessment of non governmental hawks was obviously brought to the attention of Ronald Reagan when Bush became his Vice-President.  During the Republican Presidential nomination in 1980 he lost from Ronald Reagan, however becoming  as mentioned his Vice – President with a significant impact on Reagan, – as illustrated in the edition about Ronald Reagan. Officially the influence of H.W. Bush as vice-President has been always played down.

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SbW61a3YGzE&feature=player_detailpage                                                                                                                             (G.H.W. Bush sold illegally missiles from Israel to Iran)

In 1988 after Reagan’s second term in office,  Bush,sr defeated the democratic candidate Michael Dukakis and became the next US President. Needless to say that his election was a profound bonus for both the CIA and the Pentagon. His Administration from 1989 lasted for 4 years and was centred around an aggressive foreign policy including an invasion of Panama in 1989 to get Manual Noriega replaced.

http://www.youtube.com/watch?feature=player_detailpage&v=22YnJxDFUQE                                                                                                                               (The Panama Deception Part 1 /12 parts)

On August 1, 1990, Iraq, led by Saddam Hussein, invaded  Kuwait. Bush unhappy with the invasion despite clearly favouring Iraq above Iran, began rallying opposition to Iraq in the US and among European, Asian, and Middle Eastern allies. Secretary of Defense Richard Bruce “Dick” Cheney traveled to Saudi Arabia to meet with King Fahd. Fahd clearly fearing a possible invasion of his country by Iraq as well, requested US military aid. The request was met in the affirmative and Air Force fighter jets arrived. Iraq tried to negotiate a deal allowing its country to take control of half of Kuwait. Bush rejected this proposal and wanted a complete withdrawal of Iraqi forces. The planning of a ground operation by US-led coalition forces started in September 1990.  General Norman Schwarzkopf was nominated to lead those forces if so required.  At a joint session of  US Congress regarding the authorization of air and land attacks, Bush spelled out the immediate goals: “Iraq must withdraw from Kuwait completely, immediately, and without condition. Kuwait’s legitimate government must be restored. The security and stability of the Persian Gulf must be assured. And American citizens abroad must be protected.” A  fifth  long-term goal was the following: “Out of these troubled times, our fifth objective – a new world order – can emerge: a new era – free from the threat of terror, stronger in the pursuit of justice, and more secure in the quest for peace. An era in which the nations of the world, East and West, North and South, can prosper and live in harmony…. A world where the rule of law is stronger than  the rule of the jungle. A world in which nations recognize the shared responsibility for freedom and justice. A world where the strong respect the rights of the weak.” With the United Nations Security Council opposed to Iraq’s violence, Congress authorized the Use of Military force with a set goal of returning control of Kuwait to the Kuwaiti government, and protecting America’s interests abroad.

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bleWRYGg6f8&feature=player_detailpage                                                                                                                               (Part 1: Operation Desert Storm -“The Persian Gulf War”)

In retrospect Bush gave himself an A- for Desert Storm, allowing that “there are certain things that I could have done better.” In truth, Desert Storm merits far less than this.The cease-fire ending the war was poorly managed.The slaughter on the “Highway of Death,” along which the Iraqis retreating from Kuwait, simply decided Bush to stop the war. Before the Iraq war, Bush’s ambassador to Iraq, April Glaspie, agreed with the President’s wish to “moderate” Saddam Hussein with incentives to get an ally in him against Iran. Secretary of State Baker dropped a line in July 1990 indicated “to take no position on the border delineation issue raised by Iraq with respect to Kuwait.” Saddam was threatening Kuwait with war if the Emir did not surrender (oil-producing) territory on his border with Iraq and forgive $14 billion in Iraqi debt. Bush and Baker’s failure to deliver a firm and clear warning to Baghdad may have been a sign to Saddam that he could go ahead. He saw an opportunity in Baker’s apparent indifference on the border issue. If he left Kuwait largely intact, but annexed Kuwaiti oil fields and one or two of Kuwait’s islands, perhaps the Bush administration would permit this. Generally spoken note that when “you sleep with dictators”, neither sleeping on your right side or left side is comfortable and in foreign policy you need to be double aware of the risks. By principle it is better to refrain from this as the purpose will defeat the principle on other occasions, as illustrated in the full recognition of the Islāmic Republic in Iran in exchange of foreign assistance in a Republican Presidential victory for Ronald Reagan, apart from weapons etc and the Iran-Contra scandal.

It is this lack of clarity in the Middle East which contributed to the first Iraq war.

In retrospect the first Iraq war could have been prevented by a more proactive US approach, but this approach failed as due to a shared interest against Iran, being likely the determining reason not to give more clarity to Saddam before the war. Besides this some do consider the invasion of Kuwait providing the US an excuse, deliberately not preventing such an invasion, which could have been done by a more forceful message as soon as te CIA was informed that Saddam made preparations to invade Kuwait. Bush stopped all military activity and did not pursue deposing Saddam Hussein, as part of a policy of duplicity

Despite his reservations as Vice – President under Reagan about the approach to the Soviet Union, Bush himself as President was able to have a good relationship as well with Gorbachev  eventually and he signed a nuclear arms limitation with the Soviets. In 1992 he did help the North American Free Trade Agreementwith Canada and Mexico.

Economically, Bush did put himself into a hard spot with his campaign promise: “Read my lips: No new taxes.” However, he had to sign a bill into law to raise taxes to try and cut the deficit. Bush signed into law a bail out plan paid for by taxpayers after many savings and loans were failing in 1989. His domestic achievements were considered not to be significant and in a climate of economic recession and public disappointment he lost the Presidential elections against Bill Clinton.

In summary the major events during his only 4 years term in office were the Invasion of Panama (1989), the Savings and Loan bail out (1989), the Exxon Valdezoil spill in Alaska (1989), the Americans with Disabilities Act (1990),the Break up of the Soviet Union (1991) and finally the Persian Gulf War (1990-91).

With the Bush statement to Congress defending the first Iraq war indicating the importance of  “a world where the rule of law is stronger than the rule of the jungle”, – still there are questions and remarks in the total picture leading up to the Presidency of G. H.W. Bush:  

1.  How did the plane from being controlled by Barry Seal, the most notorious drug smuggler in American history, to becoming, according to state officials,  a favored airplane of Texas Governor George W. Bush and what was the Bush family connection with the Iran-Contra-drugs scandal?
 
2.  Did the CIA indeed give proof that Vice President George H.W. Bush at the time was a key decision maker in illegal Contra support operations connected to the acquisition of this plane   and that his staff participated in the most vital financial, working and political decisions?
(A murderous cover-up featured Seal’s public assassination by a hit team. The members, when caught, reveal to their attorneys during trial that their actions were being directed by the National Security Council staffer – Lt. Colonel Oliver North then  –  see last edition about Reagan. If this would prove to be the case it would seem normal practice to use criminals to do the dirty work, take advantage of it, and once they are used for a dirty purpose to get rid of them as their evidence being provided in court or in a hearing of the Senate could be most damaging for the US Government. If this would prove to be a pattern the death of bin-Laden could be questioned as well as the same person (Tim Laden) was on the pay list of the CIA years before the 9/11 attacks. More will follow about this.)
3.  In a 1998 CIA Inspector General’s report of Contra-era cocaine trafficking , the CIA admits to “briefing” then Vice President Bush on how they lied to Congress about cocaine trafficking by its agents. It becomes clear that former President G.W.Bush had secrets to hide from the American public. The CIA Inspector General’s report into allegations of Contra cocaine trafficking is a non-classified document.
 
“If the people were to ever find out what we have done, we would be chased down

the streets and lynched.”

George Bush, cited in the June, 1992 Sarah McClendon Newsletter
George Bush with  CIA agent Felix Rodriguez a.k.a. “Mr. Gomez” who ran the Mexican part of the Iran-Contra guns and drug running operation
 
4.  Early1982, Barry Seal began flying private planes into an airport in Arkansas ( Mena). He was hooked up with the CIA and moved the base of his operations from Louisiana to Mena airport.  The CIA was keen to use Seal’s fleet of planes to carry both legal and illegal supplies to Contra camps in Honduras and Costa Rica.
5.  Several other planes being used by Barry Seal were owned indirectly by the CIA airline Southern Air Transport (SAT). SouthernCongressional and public records find Air as a CIA proprietary being connected to Casey,George H.W. Bush, Secord, Singluab and Rodriguez.
 
6.  Attorneys in Arkansas wanting to have an investigation in matters evolving at Mena airport did not receive any support from the Governor at the time William Jefferson Clinton.  A public request for further investigation was ignored and once President, – Clinton was neither correct nor truthful to the press about any of his involvement or knowledge, claiming that it was a Federal Issue which had nothing to do with him, and that he provided all support to have the matter properly investigated, which was claimed not to be true by the attorneys who said that their ask for funding an investigation was ignored. In other words, what are the Bush – Clinton links in the Iran Contra scandal for which an airport was used in Arkansas (Mena) for a major CIA coördinated drug trafficking scandal?
 
7 .  Interesting is the list of people being pardoned by the former US President H.W.Bush. On December 24, 1992, he granted executive clemency to six former government employees implicated in the Iran-Contra scandal of the late 1980s, most prominently former Secretary of Defense Caspar Weinberger. Weinberger, who had  to stand trial on January 5, 1993,  due to criminal charges related to the Iran-Contra scandal, was described by Bush as a “true American patriot”. In addition  George H.W. Bush pardoned Duane R. Clarridge, Clair E. McFarlane, Elliott Abrams, and Alan G. Fiers Jr. They were  all  indicted and/or convicted of criminal charges by an Independent Counsel.
 
7.  All three generations Bush  have been and are members of a most powerful and most secret society. It’s called The order of Skull and Bones. Skull and Bones is an undergraduate senior or secret society at Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut. It is a traditional peer society to Scroll and Key and Wolf’s Head, as the three senior class ‘landed societies’ at Yale. Judith Ann Schiff, Chief Research Archivist at the Yale University Library wrote: “The names of its members weren’t kept secret — that was an innovation of the 1970s — but its meetings and practices were.” Among the prominent  members are/were President and Supreme Court Justice William Howard Taft (son of a founder of the society), former President George H. W. Bush, his son former President George Bush and many others.  “I think Skull and Bones has had slightly more success than the mafia in the sense that the leaders of the five families are all doing 100 years in jail, and the leaders of the Skull and Bones families are doing four and eight years in the White House,” says Rosenbaum. 
 
8.  Did the Bushes help to kill JFK?
 
Bush denied his position of being a high-ranking CIA official at the time of JFK’s death. During the assassination he has been identifies at Daley Plaza.  See first Youtube listing of this article for further information.
 
We started this article already with the complexities of various involvements.

Just a bit of further history:

Reportedly Prescott Bush (G.W.Bush’s dad) gave Averell Harriman on the 19th of March 1934 a copy of the New York Times that day. The Polish government was in the process of trying to sell Consolidated Silesian Steel Corporation and Upper Silesian Coal and Steel Company. There were profound reasons for this linked with the German Second World war history.  The Polish government requested the new owners of the company with over 45% of Poland’s steel production, to pay at least its full share of back taxes. Prescott Bush and Harriman would hire attorney John Foster Dulles to help cover up “any improprieties” that might arise under further investigations being pending perhaps. For more background see provided by Toby Rogers: http://www.clamormagazine.org/issues/14/feature3.shtml

We make a little jump in time, but for a reason as to illustrate the strong Dulles connections with the Bush family:

Six months after the assassination of Robert Kennedy in 1968, Prescott ( G.W.Bush’s dad) writes a letter to Clover Dulles, wife of Allen Dulles, blaming  the Kennedy’s for the failure of the Bay of Pigs. Both father and son had strong interests in the Bay of Pigs invasion being succesful against Castro. As earlier mentioned Richard Nixon was a strongly interested party as well.

In the 1950’s Prescott and the Harrimans became the founders of CBS. In 1963, CBS reporter Dan Rather makes his career break with the Kennedy Assassination by lying to the American public that he had seen JFK’s head moving violently forward on the Zapruder film. To hear Dan Rather lying click here.

The lie is not really strange as the Zapruder film was bought by Time Life and kept locked away from the public for some 15 years. Time Life was founded and operated  by Henry Luce, interestingly a member of Skull and Bones as well. We just discussed Skull and Bones. An oath to Skull and Bones is an oath and people within Skull and Bones help each other. Henry Luce had many friends including General Edward Lansdale, a known covert operative for the CIA. Henry Luce and his wife  Clare Booth Luce ( Congresswoman) were  personal friends with another high-ranking covert operative for the CIA David Atlee Phillips, known within the CIA for his powerful help with the overthrow of the Guatemala regime in 1954 headed by Jacoba Arbenz.

Edward Lansdale and David Atlee Phillips are widely accepted as key planners of the JFK assassination. Sam Giancana’s biography “Double Cross” (to read the page click here) gives a further insight in David Phillips. David Atlee Phillips continued to work for the CIA and became the mastermind for the CIA staged coup by Pinochet in 1973.  Phillips had a highly regarded CIA reputation. He  worked closely with CIA officer E. Howard Hunt. We discussed Hunt earlier in both the Watergate burglary, knowing to look for after his involvement in the JFK assassination.  In the 1950’s and 1960’s, Phillips was the CIA case officer for the anti Castro Cubans in Havana and Mexico City. He was also the CIA controller for Lee Harvey Oswald and James Files. James Files has confessed that he fired the shot into JFK’s head from behind the picket fence on the grassy knoll in Daley Plaza. This story is ignored by a somehow controlled  mainstream media.  David Atlee Phillips rises later to CIA director of Covert Operations for the Western Hemisphere. According to his nephew Shawn Phillips, the famous musician, David Atlee Phillips confirmed to his brother James Atlee Phillips that he was in Dallas the day Kennedy died.


The following document  being  declassified the other day, puts George H.W.  close to Dallas within 2 hours of JFK’s assassination:

The above document (as it shows as well in the first YouTube listing in this article) places Bush in Dallas on  the day and night of 22nd of November 1963.

This is an F.B.I. memorandum, dated November 29, 1963, is from Director J. Edgar Hoover to the State Department and 
is subject-headed "Assassination nt John F. Kennedy November 22, 1963." In it, Hoover reports that the Bureau had briefed 
"Mr. George Bush of the Central Intelligence Agency" shortly after the assassination on the reaction of Cuban exiles in Miami. 
A source with close connections to the intelligence community confirms that Bush started working for the agency in 1960 or 1961, 
using his oil business as a cover for clandestine activities.

George H. W. Bush is bringing up the name James Parrott. 

Who is James Parrott? Bush wants to keep his telephone call confidential. If he thought Parrott was a serious threat for Kennedy in Houston, why is this warning revealed after the real assassination at 1.45 pm? Actually Kennedy had just visited Houston the day before on the 21nd of November 1963. FBI reports do show that they prevented a plot in Houston. The document states that Bush stayed at the Sheraton Dallas Hotel intending to return to his residence on the 23rd of November.  There is photographic material available that he was positioned close to the entrance of the Texas School Book Depository at Dealy Plaza in Dallas at the time of the JFK assassination. Obviously there is a story about Bush to the Kennedy assassination of which we don’t know the finer details, and those details have never been publicly disclosed. Bush did tell Chief FBI Hoover about a conspiracy involving pro Castro Cubans in Miami on the 29th of November 1963. He gives the image to help, but both he and Hoover do know better. The assassination had nothing to do with pro Castro Cubans, as both Bush and Hoover knew at the time. It was just distraction public attention from reality.       Is it possible that above document provides Bush with an alibi or other denial? 

The interesting thing is that thirty years later the same James Parrott is linked with Bush’s presidential campaign against William Jefferson Clinton.
The FBI agent that took Bush’s call was Graham Kitchel, a favourite of FBI Director, J. E. Hoover who was briefing Bush of the CIA on November 23, 1963 . On the 13th of October 1999, Bruce Adamson called Kenneth B. Jackson the FBI agent who investigated Parrott and received Bush’s complaint. Interestingly Mr. Jackson refused to return Adamson’s phone call.

The plots to kill both JFK  and RFK do have both  their origines in forces working closely together on the Bay of Pigs and the plots to assassinate Fidel Castro. Various of these forces had their own reasons to recapture Cuba and to hate Kennedy, whom they also blamed for the failure of the Bay of Pigs apart from other things. It can’t be denied that both JFK and RFK in the total picture of things worked at the better end of the moral spectrum in the circles of Washington, against all odds, – against a highly criminal infestation of the highest levels of Government and Governments to come.  These groups were 1) The CIA with the approval of some of the highest government officials (like Johnson, Hoover, Ford and Nixon) 2) The anti Castro Cuban exiles 3) Mafiabosses Sam Giancana , Carlos Marcello and Santos Trafficante and 4) wealthy industrialists and Texan oilmen like H.L. Hunt, Syd Richardson and Clint Murchison. George H.W. Bush has documented connections to all four groups.

Sam Giancana states in his biography that he knew Lyndon Johnson and Richard Nixon personally (to read the page click here), as well as the aforementioned oil millionaires and George Demohrenshildt (to read the page click here), , and that they planned the JFK assassination together. James Files, the confessed grassy knoll assassin who fired the fatal shot into JFK’s head, did not only work for Sam Giancana, but was recruited in the CIA to train Cuban exiles for the Bay of Pigs, by none other than David Atlee Phillips. He claims that one of his later senior supervisors in covert operations was George H.W. Bush.

Bush was part of this Government corruption, for years to last.  Neither former Presidents Johnson, nor Nixon, nor Ford, nor G.H. Bush were at the right end of the moral spectrum. They played all their part in the Coupe d’Etat as it took place in Dallas on the 22nd of November 1963. Mainstream media has been controlled on various issues.

We can say that life continued with incriminated people in power at the highest level of executive Powers in the US. It is as Michael Corleone once said to his wife Kate commenting on the family business of his father in the film “the Godfather”. When Kate said that Senators and especially Presidents do not kill (in comparison with Mafia bosses), – he said: “Kate you are naïve, Presidents do kill, like mafia bosses do kill.

Both the Senate and US citizens have been naïve about the operations of US Government for many years.

With all the glamour of the US Presidency, the way media do present it, the secret undercurrents in history which damaged “this special Office” have never been changed as both the CIA and other Agencies do impact both domestic policies at some extend and foreign policies at a large extend. Even if  ” reason”  was trying to protect the US, there have been so many occasions that reason did not protect the US, not by error but by calculation.

If patriotism means loyalty to people at the wrong end of the moral spectrum and those people get pardoned without proper investigation, being nominated in later Governments with greater responsibilities, there is the risk that the cancer of injustice is further spreading, despite perhaps the charming presentation of Government.

History will show that the years from Johnson until G.W Bush did shed a dark light on the political system of the US. Both the wars in Vietnam  and Iraq and Afghanistan were not required and could have been prevented. It did cost millions of lives and trillions of dollars and did not give real security for the US.

Real security of the US can be only established by a total shift in perception on the world and America itself, but this requires vision and voters being ready to buy into such an attempt as it will cost in Winston Churchill words: “‘Blood sweat and tears'”.  It is however the only solution  to avoid moral and financial bankruptcy, and the Presidency of Obama gives the US at least a chance to start again where the lives of both JFK and RFK were taken away by murderous plots.

At the end of  G.W. Bush’s Presidency it seems he became to realise that it is US interest to reduce the tensions in the world. He played his part in history with moments of victory and disaster. He was brought up in the perceptions of the cold war, and those perceptions played part in the many choices he made, but at the end he became to the next step of required awareness.

All this however does not take away that he played part in a broader context within the assassination of a US President, that he played part in/or coördinated a highly controversial way to get the Republicans with Reagan in the White House through facilitating a deal with Khomeini by recognising the Islāmic Republic of Iran with a non-interference policy in exchange for prolonging the hostage crisis in Iran to defeat Carter in the Presidential elections. This time not a Coupe d’Etat by assassination but a Coupe d’Etat by compromising the political system in the US. He played a key role in the Iran Contra scandal with planes full of drugs landing in Mena (Arkansas) at the time Bill Clinton being the Governor of this State. This was an illegal and criminal operation. Whilst playing favours towards Iraq and Saddam Hussein as he realised that the Islāmic Republic in Iran could be less trusted than the Iraq Government, he failed to warn Iraq not to invade Kuwait. Saddam Hussein was under the impression that he could make this move and the US was aware that he was preparing for this move. A firm US warning could have prevented the Iraq invasion of Kuwait, could have prevented the first Iraq war, could have prevented all the deaths being involved. However “the non principle centred leadership of Bush” with his high level CIA connections and  no sense of proper direction assumed that Saddam could still be an ally against Iran, hence the war not being properly finished. It proved that the policy of Bush to try to attract Iraq as an ally against Iran and failing to clarify what is justified and not justified on border issues with Kuwait, followed by war against Iraq when Iraq indeed crossed the lines, did not allow any leverage anymore for the US with Iraq.

Knowing what sort of dictator Saddam was Bush failed in the objectives of this war allowing Saddam to become a real enemy. Unless there was a reason to do so which we do not know. Hence a second war against Iraq has been in preparation for some time after the Bush,sr Administration, which will be discussed later.

Poor foreign policy not being principle centred and allowing scope for plenty duplicitous is a disaster for the US, both financial and in terms of human lives. The background of the powerful Bush family with historically strong CIA ties and ties with secret organisations reflects a trend of adding to duplicity, corruption, lawlessness and both human right abuses and assassinations. A good father can look well after his family, can look well after his friends, but if he commits crimes outside the domain of his family he needs to face justice. However like Johnson and Nixon did not face justice, neither Nixon nor Ford nor Reagan and Bush,sr faced justice.

Justice has been seriously compromised both under the Bush Administration and his predecessors well, apart from Carter. The assassination on both JFK and RFK did create a precedent to allow and permit high level criminal activity  in the White House. This is what Robert Kennedy on behalf of his brother John F Kennedy was trying to prevent. His mission was to keep the Administration clean, hence his efforts to get LBJ replaced for a different Vice-President.

What happened then was an enduring culture and legacy of those people and their Administrations to be continued in key positions at later Administrations and the tool has been various Presidential Pardons for people with criminal or controversial actions who did do the President a favour by taking the brunt for illegal activities being approved.

It has been no coincidence that a number of Presidents have been elected as such as they had the support from background powers with media control. They know how to make it look great from the outside, but the truth about background dealings in the past is repugnant. As Lyndon Johnson claimed that “after each success there is a crime” was true for both himself,former President Nixon, former President Ford and former President George H.W. Bush.

If the US is neither able to cherish values and principles at the level of the White House, nor cut the excessive level of influence of both the CIA and the Pentagon on policymaking by people with integrity  not subject to prove, – the systems of executive powers will be again and again  corrupted with various cover up’s and assassinations and this will undermine the credibility of the US more and more. Not only as a Democracy not being true to its Founding Fathers, but both as well as a corrupting financial power who robbed the country from its wealth and innocent lives, by many CIA directed war’s  neither being with a true purpose nor with any reasonable sense. If the US had lived up to to virtue of integrity and wisdom at the level of the “Commander in Chief”, the US would not have been required to be involved in any war since the second world war as the undivided strengths of wisdom and integrity at the top executive levels would have been able to avoid both Vietnam, both Iraq 1 and 2 and finally Afghanistan. The US created an enemy in itself, a most powerful enemy in the Union guiding the US to those wars and now the US has to face the implications. Implications which can’t be expected from the current President to be resolved. If you get a new captain on a sinking ship, it will be a miracle if this ship remains floating, it will be a miracle to close the various holes which caused this ship to become a sinking ship.

Eventually the power of the US may crumble as a house divided in duplicity does not stand the chance for Democracy,  not even for a fake Democracy.

On February 15, 2011 Bush,sr was awarded the Medal of Freedom—the highest civilian honor in the United States—by President Barack Obama. However it would not surprise me if this reward was a strategic choice as the Bush family seemed to have most powerful connections within the CIA and I guess the last words about Bush,sr are not spoken as yet.

Next chapter (Part 9) will discuss former US President “Bill” Clinton.

Thank you!
 Paul 

Paul Alexander Wolf

Profiles In US Presidential Violations of Justice – Front page (Part 1 of 11) on July 5, 2011

US Presidential profiles in violations of Justice (Part 5 – former President Ford)


English: The swearing in of President Gerald F...

English: The swearing in of President Gerald Ford by Supreme Court Chief Justice Warren Burger. Français : Gerald Ford serrant la main de Warren Burger le chef de la Cour Suprême des états-Unis (1974). (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

The 38th US President Gerald Rudolph Ford:   “An American tragedy in which we all have played a  part” – “If Lincoln were alive today, he’d be turning over in his grave.”  – Gerald R. Ford.

Born in 1913 in Omaha, Nebraska, he studied law at Yale and during the Second World War he served in the US Navy. He became a member of the House of Representatives for the Republican Party from 1949 to 1973.   By 1965 he became the minority leader.

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8RCczaSKs9Y&feature=player_detailpage            ( Lyndon Johnson tapes: Gerald Ford on Warren Commission)

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-eZfS-oly10&feature=player_detailpage                 (Gerald Ford confirms CIA involvement in the JFK assassination)

He was appointed Vice-President under President Richard Nixon after the resignation of Spiro Agnew in 1973. When President Richard Nixon resigned over the Watergate scandal Gerald Ford became the new President, obviously as such without electoral mandate.  He was pushed to this highest office in the US without knowing at the time of becoming Vice President that this would be his fate in the future.  He took this office on his shoulders with the responsibilities neither he nor his wife really wanted, but obviously he did it and got a lot of praise. His controversial decision to give Richard Nixon a full pardon and as such avoiding any further Watergate investigations, besides the problems in the US economy at the time, contributed generally to a low-level popularity. The further details will be discussed later in this article.

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_r2T9IlXYUM&feature=player_detailpage                      (Gerald Ford’s testimony on the  Pardon of Richard Nixon – Part 10)

US Congress during his Presidency was dominated by the Democratic Party, and both his external and domestic policy plan’s were rejected. He served only 2 years as US President and during the 1976 Presidential elections he was defeated by Jimmy Carter.

One of his publications after his Presidency was “Humor and the Presidency” in 1987. In his memoirs just before his death he revealed that the CIA was involved in the assassination on President John F Kennedy.  Speaking in retrospect, his first publication dit fit him quite well as he had a friendly sense of humor and note that he was generally well liked, regardless his controversial decision to give Richard Nixon a full Presidential pardon for what he inflicted during his years in the White house.

Interestingly he did receive for this “Presidential Nixon Pardon”  ‘The Profile in Courage Award” at the Kennedy Library in Boston in May 2001. Why this is so interesting will be revealed later in this article as it will be clear that the perceptions on this Presidential Pardon are different, or at least valued differently.

Gerald Ford took over as the  38th US President after serving under Nixon since the 12th of October 1973 as his Vice President.  The former Vice-President at the time Spiro Agnew  resigned on the 10th of October as due to proven corruption and Nixon asked both Congress and Hoover (FBI Chief)  for advise about the succession of Vice President Agnew.

Gerald Ford had an impressive background with both good relations within the CIA and the FBI.  Only 10 years before he served within the Warren Commission. The Warren Commission initiated under President Johnson had the purpose to reach a conclusion on those involved in the assassination of President John Fitzgerald Kennedy.  As most of us know in retrospect,  – the purpose of the Warren Commission was to suppress the truth on the JFK assassination.  Ford was once called “the CIA man” in Congress.

Only one month into his Presidency,  Ford pardoned Richard Nixon completely avoiding as such further investigations into the Watergate scandal.  Some assumed this was an act of courage whilst others criticised Ford for doing this. What we know is that he took this decision within the first 100 days in office without – reportedly – consultation with any of his staff or other advisers.

Was the background of this decision a real act of moral courage or was there more to this decision? He made the decision reportedly on his own, based on his knowledge and his own assessment of the situation.

Let’s go back to Gerald Ford’s  role  in the Warren Commission.  Ford always defended the lone gunman theory within the identified cause of death by the Warren Commission. He had excellent relations with the FBI Chief Hoover at the time.  Deliberately and against all usual protocol he did help FBI Chief Hoover by providing him all the in’s and out’s of the Warren Commission  in private and “confidential”, as such allowing Hoover to keep an eye on those members who would perhaps not follow Allen Dulles verdict on the “lone gunman theory”. There were clearly 2 members of the Warren Commission having some reservations on both the process and the verdict and even though not all evidence reached the Warren Commission (Allen Dulles was in a place to avoid at least some part to reach the Commission), it was clear from the beginning that the CIA played a most controversial role.  Some people within the Warren Commission knew more than others and Gerald Ford (“the CIA man in Congress”)  together with the FBI Chief Hoover was in full agreement that the truth should never allowed to become public. The truth was that it was an inside job from the CIA, authorised by the highest levels of the Executive branch of the US Government.  Hence the lone gunman theory was supposed to be the only possible allowed verdict for both the US and Congress. A hard lie to be swallowed. However Gerald Ford went on national television to defend the findings of the Warren Commission in a convincing way.

If the broader involvement of the Executive branch would be public knowledge with the people who had knowledge of the pending events on the 22nd of November 1963, this would have cause the most dramatic Constitutional crisis ever in US history at the time. The US would not accept one of its most popular Presidents being killed with gross government involvement. With Ford’s insight in the CIA and his “absolute pardon” for Richard Nixon, he wanted to avoid further damaging investigations in which the CIA would be exposed. Even 10 years after the Warren Commission report.

The point is that the  “Watergate” burglars played a role in the Kennedy assassination as well and the CIA played a role in the Watergate break in as it was assumed that the Democratic Party had access to some top-secret documents and photographs related to the JFK assassination. Especially imaging from a police helicopter would slash the Lee Harvey Oswald theory on his involvement, besides the fact the latter fully revealed Zapruder film ruled out the lone gunman theory.  The Watergate burglary took place on the 28th of May and the 17th of June 1972.

Nixon used the provisions of the 25th Amendment to nominate Gerald Ford as his new Vice President. The FBI facilitated payments meanwhile to the burglars via “the Committee to Reelect President Nixon” in 1972. H. W. Bush (the later President) was the head of this Committee and claimed until the last Nixon tapes being released that Richard Nixon was innocent. The question as well is whether the later President H.W. Bush was completely honest in his assessment of President Nixon being innocent at the time, as history shows in its facts and documentation that H.W. Bush had more background information about the JFK assassination and those who were involved.

FBI Chief Edward Hoover died meanwhile on the 2nd of May 1972. The acting Head of the FBI then L Patrick Gray was ordered to save the situation for Nixon and had to destroy evidence from the safe of Howard Hunt on his assignments and working schedule for the CIA. Hunt was both involved in Watergate and the assassination of JFK.  Because of this destruction of evidence after taking those documents from Howard Hunt’s safe,  L Patrick Gray had to resign from the FBI.   E Howard Hunt then made claims at the White House as he wanted to avoid conviction, but after the suspicious death of his wife he did plead guilty to the Watergate burglary, being concerned about the rest of his family.

Coming back on history: with Gerald Ford’s background in the Warren Commission’s corruption of evidence of the JFK assassination,  FBI Chief  Hoover advised Nixon that after the corruption scandal with his first Vice President Spiro Agnew, Gerald Ford would be his best option if his own Presidency would come into danger. With Gerald Ford perhaps being the next President, any secrets of widespread involvement in the JFK murder would be kept secret, including the involvement of the CIA.  If  Gerald Ford would decide to pursue matters further with “Watergate” (both FBI Chief Hoover and Nixon were fully aware of this, the CIA included) it would both expose Gerald Ford himself to his controversial involvement in the Warren Commission, besides this  it would expose Nixon, Hoover, the CIA and the systems of the Executive powers. They all had most positive relations with Gerald Ford, who once said that he had no real enemies. Gerald Ford’s assessment was correct, he had no real enemies as he never caused any real controversy apart from the “Nixon-pardon”.

Indeed, with Gerald Ford in the White House the establishment would be secured that the status quo on the most vital Government secrets would stay the same. It would not be the best reflection on the US and the world if it would prove that the highest government levels for various reasons were involved in this crime. Whilst Gerald Ford had no real enemies, John Fitzgerald Kennedy had a number of enemies as he was quite outspoken on significant issues in the US at the time. The same applies to his younger brother Robert Francis Kennedy.

It never happened before that a US President was assassinated by a miliary related Agency of the US Government with authority from major powers within this government. The reasons for this assassination would be much revealing for the nature and standards of this US Government, hence regardless the implications all efforts being in place to suppress the truth with all possible and available means. Besides this, from one thing other issues may evolve. It never happened either that a Senator from New York being succesful in the run up to Presidential elections, with a good sense of social justice and strong anti-war sentiments, would be assassinated by the same background powers who were in this case responsible for the death of his older brother, – the late 35th US President.

If Watergate would be reopened Howard Hunt’s case would be likely first investigated.  If he would tell everything he knew,  including all the connections he had with people connected to “The Bay of Pig crisis”, the CIA  and others, –  the JFK assassination would likely be far more important then the real Watergate burglary itself.  The RFK assassination could be well involved in this as well.

Gerald Ford was fully aware of the potential implications as he was already a compromised person before he even became Vice President. Whilst in function as US President stating to the public that “The long national nightmare is over” and that “Our Constitution works” he was simply not telling the truth.  The nightmare was not over and other Presidents after John F Kennedy would make matters even worse, in different areas of secrecy being required and cover up’s being considered “normal” now from the perception of various governments

Gerald Ford simply compromised himself  (again actually) to prevent the national nightmare from 1963 and those who were involved to be exposed (through all pending hearings). This was the reason for the Nixon pardon, as “Watergate” would otherwise open “a can of worms”.

Obviously Gerald Ford protected with this the many who were involved, and even perhaps not knowing this Howard Hunt’s life, though the last was not really a priority.  If it would come either to further court or Senate hearings, most likely  Hunt would be assassinated by the CIA beforehand. This happened with a number of witnesses before. The suspicious death of Hunt’s wife was for Hunt himself a warning  not to take matters further. Gerald Ford knew about the danger of Hunt going to speak in court if so required. Hunt knew too much and was far too much involved.

Rather than that it proved the Constitution did work, it proved that the Constitution did not work. It does raise the question on which principles did Gerald Ford publicly show that the Constitution did work. Which principles did he defend?   If some speak about the courage of Gerald Ford when he gave Nixon full pardon, as such preventing that a more evil truth would become public (the evil of a corrupt government system involved in the JFK assassination), the question is then how to define this courage. It does raise the question as well what sort of Constitution did work. Needless to say that this was not the US Constitution, neither was it the Constitution of people seeking more honesty in government policy.

Time after time US Presidents would compromise the same US Constitution and mislead the public on the most significant issues of their time with backdoor dealings neither being justified nor lawful, and Congress being a lame duck, not having the political ability or determination to solve matters for once and for all.

Democracy for the US proved to be a charming Government with neither however too much substance nor integrity among  the few who were able to manipulate the opinions of the many, as part of the authority and the powers they were entrusted  based on the same US Constitution. The last so often being compromised by people trying even to manipulate this Constitution for their own secret endeavours. The way to Justice is long with many obstacles on the road and in US history many of such obstacles neglected, which made that the power of Democracy and the intend of the US Constitution suffered.

James Madison, the 4th US President, would have raised the same concerns if he was able to watch only once more over the ongoing Government corruption.  Ford was part of this, whatever he did good, – he was part of the cover up in the JFK assassination. Part of the cover up to protect Nixon to leave the past to the past. President Ford’s own press secretary resigned after his “Nixon – pardon”.

People in the US who fled to Canada to avoid fighting in  the Vietnam war as an act of conscious were either prosecuted or only got a conditional pardon. People with little or no conscious in the JFK assassination walked free, as much as possible protected. Witnessed were killed, evidence was disrupted and compromised. Prosecution was prevented by the highest officials in Government even 10 years after the JFK assassination. Ford was part of this from the beginning.   He knew it was a Coupe d’Etat and he knew who were behind it and as US President he could have made a different choice at the beginning of his Presidency, but he could not do it as too many others were involved and he did not know what it would do to the future in general, and his future as well.

Gerald Ford  did promote Donald Rumsfeld (to be discussed later again) to help him to set the priorities for his Presidential direction. Rumsfeld became the President’s right hand. If we look at history how matters evolved with Rumsfeld even coming up again in the last Bush Administration, and in various Republican Administrations before, – this choice  was not the best choice. However Gerald Ford could perhaps not know this at the time. Henry Kissinger stayed on in Ford’s foreign policy team and they worked in good coöperation.

Donald Kendell , President of Pepsi – Cola, was considered to be “the eyes and ears” of the CIA in Cuba. The day before the JFK assassination he was meeting with Nixon. The Watergate burglars were tied up with both the Kennedy assassination and the Bay of Pigs. At least one of the Watergate burglars was on the CIA payroll on the 17th of June 1972 (Eugenio Martinez). The other Watergate conspirators included ex- FBI agent G. Gordon Liddy, ex – CIA agents james McCord and E. Howard Hunt, Bernard Barker, Frank Sturgis and Virggilo Gonzales. Hunt being deeply involved in the Bay of Pigs operations retired later from the CIA . Ford knew this. He became even the Covert Operations Chief for President Nixon.  Several reports do show that Hunt was in Dallas on the 22nd of November 1963 when JFK was assassinated. Marita Lorenz testified under oath that she observed him paying off an assassination team in Dallas the night before the JFK murder.

Obviously Nixon was most concerned  when Hunt’s involvement with Watergate (with the others)  would came to light, with the previous connections he had. Nixon’s aide John Ehrlichman was instructed by Nixon to order the acting FBI Director to remove 6 written files from Hunt’s personal safe. Gray did as he was told and burnt those files in his fireplace. He took the brunt for it and had to resign, which reflects how well the buffer systems in the White House do work as the issue was not further investigated.  John Dean, council to the President,  shredded Hunt’s operational diary.  The latest Nixon tapes are studded with deletions, especially discussions about Hunt, the Bay of Pigs and JFK.  In May 1972 Nixon disclosed on tape to his 2 top aides that the Warren Commission was “the greatest hoax that has ever been perpetuated.”    Vice-President Ford was fully aware at the time as both he and Nixon had various background information on the JFK assassination.   Hunt later did admit on CIA involvement in the JFK assassination and he fingered CIA officers Cord Meyer, David Phillips, William Harvey and David Morales.

Like former US President Eisenhower and Truman warned for the military establishment, – Kennedy after the Bay of Pigs crisis did do the same. He did treat them with courtesy and respect, but he was extremely on his guard as he realised that those “groups” had their own strong agenda, not refraining from misleading a US President if it would suit this agenda. No US President in the US since JFK took those lessons seriously on board. No legislative powers even in the US took this seriously on board as if they would have done so the previous Administration would have been impeached over the 9/11 drama’s.

A  US President needs to be strong enough to rule both the CIA and the Pentagon. Most Presidents after JFK were too much compromised themselves already that rather ruling those Agencies, they became more or less puppets and allowed the Agencies to engage in activities out of all normal proportions. The last without investigations in retrospect as they were somehow able to keep Congress out of the picture.

As reflected in part in chapter 4 of these series, in retrospect there is evidence that Nixon originated the Cuban (Bay of Pigs) invasion under Eisenhower, hence his close links with those people who felt betrayed by JFK as part of JFK’s refusal not to back up this invasion with further military support from the air (once Kennedy discovered that CIA information was not correct at the time). Hence as well Nixon’s close links with both this people and the CIA,  including both LBJ and including his old friend: the notorious FBI Chief Hoover.

Obviously there is far more to both the lives of Nixon and Ford during their Presidencies and afterwards, but also before they became US President.   Whilst Nixon was at times very unpredictable, Ford was fairly balanced and actually quite pleasant. Despite not winning the elections in 1974 he took over the Presidency of Richard Nixon at a turbulent time and there have been much positives as well.

If you ask me whether he was a good man, I don’t hesitate to think that Gerald Ford had a better character than Richard Nixon or Johnson.  People make failures in their lives, and so be it.  The measure of this man is larger than what he did wrong or tried to hide, but if the question is whether he did violate justice at the time (or violate the US Constitution), the answer is 100% in the affirmative: yes, he did!

It can’t be denied that this was a touchstone of  Gerald Ford’s character at the time and that this was not the courage which is prepared to lose everything for higher values and principles being at stake. What was at stake was that the principle of truth was neither allowed nor permitted to show the darkest episode in US political and Constitutional history, and Gerald Ford correctly stated that if Lincoln was alive in those days, he would turn in his grave. He correctly stated on another occasion that he was “not a Lincoln but a Ford.” In other words he was the man who avoided in the most critical time of decision making the moral obligation to stick to the truth and the US Constitution. What could not have been expected anymore from former President L.B. Johnson or Richard M. Nixon has they passed already long before the “point of no return” could have within reach of Gerald Ford.  He may have had his reasons, but it was neither an act of courage nor a special service to his country that he acted the way he did in his full Presidential Pardon of Richard Milhous Nixon.

In his memoirs being published just before he died Gerald Ford did admit finally that the CIA was involved in the JFK assassination. Ford may have been however the man who did regret his involvement in the Warren Commission in the way he did,  and in his case I do not rule out that this burden from the past was indeed a personal burden for him later in life after his Presidency was finished.  However he did not hesitate to accept the “Profile in Courage Award”  in 2001 at the JFK library in Boston, which in a way is ironic in retrospect.  The examples however of courage as described in JFK’s book “Profiles in courage” are of an entirely  different nature than reflected in either LBJ’ s, Nixon’s or Gerald Ford’s life.

Could Gerald Ford have dealt with the matter differently?

Let’s be honest, obviously he was not in the easiest place. It is a matter of choice , character and courage to do so and indeed with his Presidential pardon for Nixon he obstructed justice systems to work as they should do in the US. It would have been a major issue in the US if the Watergate scandal would have revealed the further background and links as being described, but it would have solved the matter for once and for all and if fully investigated (the JFK, RFK and MLK assassinations included).  With some of the links to Bush senior on  the JFK assassination, there would have been likely neither a W.H. Bush Administration nor a G.W. Bush Administration as the principles of governance being implemented by Congress would have prevented those people to be elected US President, – besides new legislation for  the other “operating powers” in the US.  The forces for justice did prove neither to be that strong in the US during the years of Gerald Ford in the White House, nor during the Presidential years after President Carter.

Fact is that the CIA has been involved in high-profile assassinations on US citizens and this created a precedent for the powers at the background to change history against the will of the voters and against the intent of the Constitution. Still applies in 2011 that those powers need to be restricted if Congress is ready to deal with this, based on historical review of events.

Generally spoken no justice provided within any Presidential Administration in whatever effort  justifies  to hide  any of the criminal injustice of past Administrations at the level as this occurred, with the secrecy and cover up’s from LBJ  until today. If the problem would have been properly tackled and resolved at the time – with still the option today it would have meant progress for the US.  Once such dark secrets are allowed to be kept secret in Government systems it creates a precedent for even worse things to be kept secret if secrecy for illegal activities becomes part of “normal procedure” of Government activities. It would  seem in the US that when such bad things happen they are put in the freezer of history and classified documents, and secret files are allowed to be opened some 20 to 100 years later, depending how serious the matter was. This is not the way the US will grow as both a Republic and a Democracy!

The real issue is that once gross injustice is allowed to be part of government systems, greater evil will be even allowed to be applied when it suits the Government to find an excuse to go to war, even if the reasons for going to war are fabricated.

Again, WTC 7  full of CIA intelligence and most confidential papers went down during 9/11 as a result of a controlled demolition as reflected by Ted Gunderson (former FBI Chief) and Albert Stubblebine (former Major General of all Military Intelligence). Since the JFK assassination evil systems existing and operating within the Executive branch were allowed to continue its work against the interest of US citizens.

It was President Lincoln (a Republican) who warned for allowing the President to go at war for pleasure, however most of the Republican Presidents the last 40 years have been at war as most of those US Presidents had very close links with the CIA , and other organisations not serving the real interests of the US and the world. Obviously people may view this differently but the crux is that if the books would be really opened on the past Bush Administration, and the real facts came to table, including the role of Rumsfeld and Dick Cheney, – and if  let’s say 9/11 was really allowed to have a full independent investigation without the usual obstructions and tampering  of past investigations and evidence not even reaching the table, it would be a mind-blowing event for all those investigators being involved.    Not to speak of all the US citizens if they would get an insight on issues which formed the base why this former US President and Rumsfeld and Cheney would potentially go to jail in both Germany and Switzerland if they would visit those countries The situation is of such nature that based on the relatively little information being available,  the former US President Bush  is already unable to travel to Switzerland without a potential arrest warrant. US citizens may get angry about the fact that a little country in Europe may convict the former US President and put him in a likely well deserved jail if he would go on holiday there,  – but let’s be realistic in terms of justice. Does this not tell at least something about the past Administration, being allowed by both the public and Congress to continue to do “the job”? We’ll discuss this later.

The US is nearly bankrupt now, bankrupt of what it robbed from the US itself.

Generally spoken former President Gerald  Ford despite his failures to overcome the injustice from the past ,  did not engage in a new war. He had a stable and pleasant personality and perhaps he has been worried that too much compromising events hitting daylight in the US at once would neither be well swallowed nor well digested. However the events around Bush Cheney and Rumsfeld in all detail being  lined up in the scrutiny of justice would be for certain badly swallowed and badly digested as well. And they are all interlinked because the Legislative US Powers did not use its full recourses to regulate the Executive Powers by law and proper law enforcement.

Gerald Ford was restricted by the past by choice. He did not need to do so. He was otherwise a good President, but he would have been a great President if he would have faced this past with dignity and courage, faced this past with the required determination to make sure that “Lincoln would not turn over in his grave” by seeing what happened and what was unresolved, allowing eventually a system of  government to help US Presidents going to war  – as President Lincoln once said – “For pleasure!”

Significant at President’s Ford credit is that after the findings of the Senate requested Church Committee, he issued Executive order 11905 with guidance and restrictions for various agencies including the clarification of both intelligence authorities and responsibilities. The later President Bush was nominated to be CIA Director (with strong opposition from Senator Frank Church) and got the job to give the CIA a better reputation. He was given 90 days to carry out Executive order 11905, which included a reorganisation and a statement that CIA activities would not be directed against American citizens. The Church Committee investigations included the question whether the CIA was involved in the assassination of domestic officials, including President Kennedy. Those dynamics were positive, but interesting as well for various reasons. President Ford did know of H.W.Bush association with the CIA at the time of the JFK assassination. It seemed a very political partisan choice to select H.W. Bush for this position.

For further insight in Gerald Ford’s Presidency see the recommended links

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=w8rg9c4pUrg&feature=player_detailpage                                           (Ford – Carter debate excerpt)

Jimmy Carter took over from Gerald Ford in 1977 as the 39th President of the United States. The Watergate scandal was still fresh in the voters mind.

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JzgB_w1tO5M&feature=player_detailpage                                    (President Ford died – ABC News)

Will be continued>>>>see Part 6

Thank you!
 Paul 

Paul Alexander Wolf

Profiles In US Presidential Violations of Justice – Front page (Part 1 of 11) on July 5, 2011

US Presidential profiles in violations of Justice (Part 4 – former President Nixon)


English: US President Richard Nixon and Chines...

English: US President Richard Nixon and Chinese Premier Zhou Enlai toast, February 25, 1972 (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

The 37th US President

Richard Milhouse Nixon

“I am not a crook” – R.M Nixon:   http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=sh163n1lJ4M&feature=player_detailpage

RICHARD   NIXON’s   VIOLATIONS  OF 

JUSTICE

Richard Milhouse Nixon (1913-1994 was born in Yorba Linda (California) in a lower middle class quaker family of an Irish background. After his degree at Duke University he worked for 5 years as a lawyer and served in the US Navy from 1942 until 1946.

He became a Republican member of US Congress in California by 1946. Whilst campaigning he pictured his democratic opponent as communist sympathiser. His tactical abilities allowed him to make a quick rise in political circles and he was an important member of the House  Committee on “Un American Activities” whilst worker on the Elgar Hiss case. In his early Congressional years he was assisted by various people, including Jack Ruby ( as far as Department of Justice memo)

He became Vice – President under Dwight D  Eisenhower when Eisenhower did win the elections in 1952. As Vice President he was known for his outspoken exchanges with Nikita Khrushchev during a visit to Moscow in 1959. He lost the presidential elections very narrowly from John Fitzgerald Kennedy in 1960. He lost then in 1962 the elections in California for the Governor position of this State.

Thereafter he became a succesful Wall Street lawyer. About 1967  he decided for an extensive tour around the world, visiting both Europe, the Middle East, Vietnam, Africa and Latin America. Whist reportedly undecided to run for the Presidential elections in 1968 he published an article called “Asia After Viet Nam” in the “Foreign Affairs  Journal” reflecting on his policy of removing American combat troops from Vietnam. In this article he projected his potential Administration opening a way to China as well.  Once decided to run for the Presidency in 1968, he mentioned in the 1968 campaign that he had a secret plan  for a complete withdrawal from Vietnam. He returned to win the Presidential elections in 1968 with only a small margin benefitting in retrospect strongly from the assassination of his potential Democratic opponent Robert F Kennedy in June 1968. The unrest on top of this at the Democratic Convention in Chicago with police forces crushing anti Vietnam war protestors created on national TV a picture of unrest in the US and Nixon promised to change this situation. The US in 1968 was a country with strong divisions with strong opposition against the war in Vietnam and by far the majority of US citizens wanted to stop this war. Martin Luther King, jr was assassinated on the 4th of April 1968. He was a prominent leader in the African-American Civil Rights movement and representing as well a growing opposition against the war in Vietnam. The New York Senator Robert Kennedy has been for months agonising on the question whether he should oppose both President Johnson and the war, but the growing and escalating violence decided him to run eventually for the Presidency at a relatively late stage, – however gaining increasing support from both the movement of social justice and those who were against the war. A large number of African Americans trusted him as because he seemed genuinely compassionate about the still existing social injustice in the US. There were however powerful groups in the US who did not want a second Kennedy in the White House and both the assassination on MLK and RFK caused the anti-war movement losing its strongest leaders. This needs to be discussed in some detail as it will show some of the forceful background dynamics pushing all in the same direction. Within this context the main obstacles for Richard Nixon’s election were resolved as the strength of the movement against both the war and for more social justice was  reduced within a climate of unrest, which was  obvious  after 2 vital assassinations in a row and the war in Vietnam still going on.  Many years later Coretta Scot King (MLK’s wife) did win a wrongful death civil trial against Loyd Jowers and other unknown co-conspirators in 1999.  Jowers received $100000,- to arrange the assassination on MLK and the Jury was convinced that Government Agencies were parties to the assassination plot. It would seem that the LBJ government was involved at setting the stage of this assassination, using James Earl Ray as a scapegoat, as publicly on TV confirmed by Jowers on ABC’ Prime Time Life.  Jowers stated that both the mafia and the US Government were involved in the MLK assassination.  Reportedly Memphis police officer Lieutenant Earl Clark fired the fatal shots. The conspiracy did include J Edgar Hoover, Richard helms, the CIA, the Memphis Police Department(MPD), Army intelligence and organised crime.  A very key person within the civil right movement was on the government payroll, responsible for infiltration and sabotage. Readers may wonder about the evidence of this revelation but this evidence was uncovered and put before a Jury in Memphis,TN, in November 1999. Seventy witnesses testified under oath with 4000 pages of evidence, much of it was it new. The news of one of the most national security trials was suppressed, as  tends to happen in the US at times. It was clear that the 1997 reports of the House Select Committee on Assassinations re James Earl Ray justified verdict were wrong: he was not the one who murdered MLK!

All parties involved did not take any chance. It was agreed that MLK would not leave Memphis alive and at the time of his assassination he was under complete surveillance with various guns loaded in his direction if the attempt from one party would fail. Like the JFK assassination, but different, it was an ambush. MLK was not only a Civil Rights activist, he was even far more than a voice against the war in Vietnam, hence authorities decided to take him out of the picture. Regarding the RFK assassination there is no doubt that Sirhan Bishara Sirhan fired a gun but it did not cause the death of RFK. Multiple shooters were in the small area were RFK’ assassination took place. At least 9 shots have been fired at the end of the night Kennedy did win the primaries in Los Angeles at the Ambassador Hotel. The LAPD destroyed key physical and photographic evidence and eyewitness testimony. LA County Coroner and Chief Medical Examiner Dr Thomas T Noguchi prepared the autopsy report on RFK where the headshot damage not only reflected a pathologic impossibility, but it ruled out as well Sirhan’s gun as the offending weapon in RFK’s death. Sirhan is still in jail, being convicted of first degree murder.

Video images identified 3 former CIA agents were very close to RFK at the time of his assassination (Morales,Joannides and Campbell). David Morales was the Chief Operations at JM-Wave, training Cuban exiles in 1963 in covert actions against Fidel Castro. Morales and Campbell have talked with each other in the in the hotel lobby prior to the assassination (witness report David Rabern). Campbell has been reportedly  in and around various  police stations in the 2 months before  the RFK  assassination. Joannides has been the Chief of Psychological Warfare Operations at JM -Wave. He had retired from his CIA position but returned back to active duty in 1978 as the liaison between the House Select Committee on Assassinations (HSCA).  Not sure who nominated him in this position but obviously Joannides failed to tell the HSCA that he ever worked at JM-Wave, as such maintain his covert identity and compromising the entire Congressional investigations. It was Joannides obstructing the HSCA to get access to vital information (crucial documents) about the JFK assassination during the re-investigations on the assassinations of JFK and MLK. The lead investigator of the HSCA Gaeton Fonzi concluded that  Morales was directly involved in the JFK assassination as due to revenge of the Bay of Pigs.

Before we start on former US President Richard Nixon note that Richard Nixon and George Herbert Bush (the later US Vice-President and US President) have been integral to the Bay of Pigs operations.  As Vice-President, Nixon worked under President Eisenhower, together with Allen Dulles from the CIA and other senior CIA staff on the strategic planning of the Bay of Pigs. The bestselling book “Plausible Denial” by Mark Lane in 1991 reflects on both CIA involvement in JFK’s death. The later President Bush  was at the time of the Pay of Pigs a CIA  operative and the FBI confirmed in documents being released many years later that Bush sr was involved in the CIA briefing the day after the JFK assassination.The role of FBI Chief Hoover in the JFK assassination is most controversial as well. Gerald Ford as member of the Warren Commission leaked all confidential information to FBI Chief Hoover. Without claiming to be correct in all details the general picture of key CIA people being involved in both the JFK and RFK assassination with Bay of Pigs links, Richard Nixon a close friend of Hoover with Bay of Pigs links, Herbert Hoover a profound RFK hater, major CIA background powers in favour of the Vietnam war etc etc give the background why RFK was killed in 1968 and how  Hoover’s extra police actions in Chicago after 2 vital assassinations in a row did prepare the road for Nixon to get elected. Nothing is foolproof in life and in theory Hubert Humphrey could have won the 1968 elections but he was too closely associated with Lyndon Johnson who was most unpopular. Besides this LBJ warned Hubert Humphrey that if he would publicly oppose the Administration’s Vietnam war policy he personally would destroy Humphrey’s chances to get the Democratic nomination. Not much luck for Humphrey with such a boss and such mighty coöperation with FBI Chief Hoover. It was in both LBJ’s interest and Hoovers interest that all government secrets would stay secret and from this point of view with LBJ’s background knowledge about Nixon and Gerald Ford  -(fully shared with FBI Chief Hoover)- ,..Richard Nixon would be the best choice to remain the status quo on secrecy and the war in Vietnam as being supported by the CIA.   With both MLK and RFK out of the way the strong anti Vietnam war movement was at least for some part broken as part of a Government conspiracy similar as happened in 1963 with JFK.   Most of the same key players were still in power.

With opposing LBJ about the war in Vietnam and running for the Presidency in 1968 Robert F Kennedy did sign his own death sentence, like MLK did when he spoke out against the war in Vietnam with so much people following him, like JFK did when he opposed the CIA and the Pentagon Generals when he despised their advise at times and decided to withdraw from Vietnam. No one can oppose the real background powers in the US, not even President Obama. This is America ladies and gentlemen, this was America and in a way it still is America. In the 1960ties there have been criminals in US Government systems neither allowing justice nor allowing peace in Vietnam at a stage this was desired. They robbed the Nation of people who perhaps not being perfect tried to do what was good in a particular time in history and the tool of the government was simply assassination and make the way free for people who would serve the needs for the American military establishment in the White house, rather than the need of the voters, – the parents who had to let their children go to Vietnam and had to receive the medals of honour when they died courageously in pointless war dictated by a corrupted government policy guided by the war heads of the Pentagon from which both Eisenhower and Truman said that their powers were far out of proportion. The US seemed to be a Republic with a Democratic image, but the real government was not a government from the people and for the people. It did not serve the people. It played the media. And when opposing powers were too strong,  when the forces towards more justice developed with fierce and without fear, it became overruled and crushed by both the police and the military. Such things do happen in countries who at least are honest enough not to claim they are a democracy. The many dirty wars of the US are not a reflection of real democracies based on the values of those who prepared the US Constitution. It is this Constitution which needs to be protected to get a better Union. Not a Union only being able to survive with assassinations of those who give to the moral values and justice within this Union.

Obviously Nixon did promise the public a secret way out of Vietnam, whilst in secret preparing for the opposite if he was elected. By adding to the general feel of unrest in Chicago FBI Chief Hoover added in a strategic way to the chances of victory for Richard Nixon.

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Pf22x5r16Zo&feature=player_detailpage                                                                                                                                  (The Pentagon Papers: A Primer for Top Secrets…..)

Once President Nixon nominated his campaign Director Bob Haldeman White House Chief of Staff,  foreign policy decisions were made in close coöperation with Henry Kissinger. interestingly Secretary of State William Rogers was by far not always prior aware about some of the Administrations enterprises. Speechwriter for Richard Nixon Ray Price reflected on “the light side” and “the dark side” of Richard Nixon. He was however reelected in 1972 with a large majority. His Administration from 1974 sustained remarkable controversy over the Vietnam war. The invasion in 1970 of Cambodia and his approval of heavy bombardments on North Vietnam took his toll in the public opinion and he signed in 1973 a cease-fire.

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=FhtsSu9hgxI&feature=player_detailpage                                                                                                                      (Evidence of Revision: Part 4  -1 of 11)

A strategic arms limitation treaty with the Soviet Union was signed during his Administration and he was the first President to reopen US relations with China in 1972. The Watergate burglary as will be detailed later brought his Presidency totally down.  Being the first US President to resign from office he avoided as such impeachment. The new President Gerald Ford gave him a full pardon in in 1974.

It would seem Nixon’s staff frequently conspired to keep the “darker side” of Nixon – as Ray Price reflected on – in check and obviously Nixon himself was involved in this. As it proved however, Nixon participated in some conspiracies with high level support outside the White House.

On the 3rd of November 1969 Nixon declared that his Administration would not give in to the demands of anti-war demonstrators, sympathising with “The great silent majority of Americans” to back him up in his efforts for a “just and lasting peace”.  Nixon knew how to play the game of politics by doing what “the doves wanted” but meanwhile seeking ready coöperation with both the CIA and the Pentagon.  In April 1970 Nixon ordered extra American troops into Cambodia. During a nation-wide student protest 4 students were killed by the National Guard at Ohio Kent State University. Nixon backed down a bit at the 1970 midterm elections preparing as well against the balanced and dignified Democratic senator Edmund Muskie from Maine, who wanted to run for the 1972 elections. Nixon’s state visit to China did raise his popularity. He signed 3 months later as well a treaty with the Soviet Union restricting from both sides establishing anti ballistic missile systems apart from limiting offensive missile launchers. Meanwhile however Nixon had responded already in the second part of 1971 to the publication of the Johnson Administration’s classified “Pentagon Papers”. This publication was unauthorised and provided an insight in the origins of the Vietnam war. Nixon assigned a group to prevent leaks of classified information and harassed perceived enemies of his Administration. FBI Chief Hoover proved to be very helpful with this. Some weeks after Nixon returned from the Soviet Union, four men were arrested at the Watergate complex as due to burglary into the headquarters of the Democratic National Committee. After his reelection in 1972 the Watergate burglars were convicted and several of them implicated Nixon’s closest associates. It proved that the Watergate-break-in was only one of the several acts of both sabotage and political espionage carried out by the Nixon Administration. Nixon tried to keep away secret tapes from hearings by the “principal of separation of powers”. He had however to provide many of the required tapes but not everything. The unravelling of the Nixon Presidency was unstoppable now and in 1974 the “House Judiciary Committee”started to discuss Nixon’s impeachment. It proved that Nixon had engaged in extensive domestic wiretapping apart from his questionable tax deductions through which he paid almost no federal income tax in 1973. On the 24th of July 1974 the Supreme Court ordered Nixon to give the tapes he had withheld. Those tapes were supposed to contain evidence of Nixon’s personal involvement in the Watergate operations including reflections about Watergate burglars being engaged in CIA operations.  The verdict was that if he would not leave office on his own decision, he would be impeached, convicted and removed from office. On the 8th of August 1974 Nixon announced his resignation and Vice-President Ford was administered the Presidential oath on the 9th of August.

Richard Milhous Nixon, the 37th President of the United States of America was supported by powerful circles in Washington when he was elected President in 1968. The US was unsettled as due to social unrest, in part due to the Vietnam war and in part as a result of the aftermath following  2 assassinations of  perhaps both the most prominent political figures (MLK and RFK) representing the movement of  social change and justice , – including the end of the war in Vietnam. I repeat this once more to put some matters in perspective.

President Johnson voiced private concerns in 1964 that Vietnam would become a second Korea but he was already so much compromised by his own past, including CIA and FBI collaborations, not being able to take a different course of action. Hence he did not go for a second term. However again, he warned his Vice-President Hubert Humphrey not to turn against the Vietnam war as otherwise his chances on the Democratic nomination would be destroyed. In a way LBJ did aid in the process to get Nixon elected.

Both the Pentagon and the CIA have the perception that Presidents come and go and as long as the military interests of the US are not compromised, they take no obvious interest who has the reigns in the White House, as long long term interest are not at stake. Those long term interests are fairly restricted to the military US interests.  Needless to say that those views may clash with the Presidential powers in the White House. Prominent people in US politics may be succesful to be elected Commander in Chief with profoundly different views on the strategic views of the US in the future, in which case  “national security” will be considered. This is the reason that both JFK and RFK became the victim of assassination plots to make the way free for persons who were able to coöperate more with those background powers.

The strategic powers of both those Government Agencies are very strong and do own all the means to drive their points in ways the public has no knowledge of. This does not mean that all people working for either CIA or Pentagon are wrong. Most of them are highly regarded professionals with both courage and integrity, however both Organisations are that large that some people at the wrong time in certain positions can make significant differences to the culture by which those Agencies work. This culture does not change overnight  with a new Chief or Director, if the previous one had a controversial impact.. The right US President at the time can make a huge difference with nominating people with high credentials in those positions, – however the wrong President at a certain time can make from this point of view devastating failures with implications beyond imagination. It clearly makes the system of US Governance not fool-proof, as corruption may as such develop at the highest levels of US powers,- whilst both Congress and the public are kept in the dark. Richard Nixon was one of those Presidents, allowing collaboration with those forces who have neither much conscious nor morality. Strict regulation and control of those powers is required as a national security interest which favours the many in the US, and not only a few in Washington. The reflections in retrospect of some insiders of both FBI and Military establishment including the CIA do speak in clear terms about involvement in terrible actions throughout decades, neither controlled by the President nor with insight from Congress.  The Eisenhower administration warned already for the excessive powers of both the CIA and the Pentagon and it has been clear what those powers are able to inflict if opposed by powerful different views, but also what they are able to inflict to regain control via the persons being elected US President.

Coming back on what has been stated before: it proved that Nixon had engaged in extensive domestic wiretapping, apart from questionable tax deductions through which he paid almost no federal income tax at all in 1973. On the 24th of July 1974 the supreme Court ordered Nixon to give the tapes he had withheld. Those tapes were supposed to contain evidence of Nixon’s personal involvement in the Watergate operations, including reflections about Watergate burglars being engaged in CIA operations. The verdict was that if he did not leave the White House on his own decision, he would be impeached, convicted and removed from office. On the 8th of August 1974 Nixon announced his resignation and Vice President Gerald Ford took over as US President on the 9th of August. Only 1 month in his Presidency, Ford pardoned Richard Nixon completely, avoiding as such further investigations in the Watergate burglary as this would have far more implications than the public knows. Gerald Ford has been part of the Warren Commission with the task to investigate the JFK assassination. Gerald Ford “the CIA man in Congress” had very close links with Allen Dulles, ex CIA Director who was sacked by John F Kennedy.   Gerald Ford had close links with Nixon, in part as he became his Vice-President at a time when there was the potential that Richard Nixon could run in trouble over Watergate. This all happened when FBI Chief Hoover was still alive. Obviously we know that Spiro Agnew had to resign but his succession was for strategic reasons vital. Gerald Ford was a very close with FBI Chief Hoover as well. This Presidential Pardon for Nixon will be discussed in the next chapter

The question as whether President Nixon did contribute to the country needs to be answered in the affirmative. As a person and a President he appeared to have major flaws. As will be revealed later he was compromised already before entering the White House. After the JFK assassination he was the second US President (we will discus this later) who should have been convicted after a full further Watergate investigation.  Nixon had a very  strong personal ambition and drive, by nature he was often unpredictable and at times leaning on his staff.

Did he violate justice at the time of his Presidency and before? The answer is yes.  He deserved to be impeached and sadly the Watergate scandal was never further investigated as it would have revealed a more darker side of Nixon than we know.

Strictly spoken by any moral standards he was not suitable for the US Presidency and in terms of timing we can be glad in retrospect that he was not the “Commander-in-Chief” during the Cuban missile crisis. The world would not have existed anymore as he would have done what Allan Dulles presented him. Cuba would have been attacked and the Russian Commanders would have ordered to fire installed nuclear missiles back to the major cities in the US.

Let’s say that history has been mild from this point of view, but history has been relentless in terms of corrupting powers at the United States government.People may have skill and talent, but if they have a lack of conscious justice gets violated and things go wrong. Error’s are always possible. Genuine people make them but they are genuine to admit them and correct them. The problem with Nixon was that he was not very genuine. It was somewhat wishful thinking perhaps when he said: “I am not a crook!”

Lets face it, the US as a country of generally genuine people is far more than the sum of the failures and corruptions of past Governments, but neither the past nor the future can take away the criminal actions which took place and processes need to be in place that this will never ever happen anymore as the US needs to raise above the standards from the past!

Will be continued>>>>>>in Part 3

Thank you!
 Paul 

Paul Alexander Wolf

Profiles In US Presidential Violations of Justice – Front page (Part 1 of 11) on July 5, 2011

US Presidential profiles in violations of Justice (Part 3 – former US President Johnson)


Lyndon B. Johnson taking the oath of office on...

Lyndon B. Johnson taking the oath of office on Air Force One following the assassination of John F. Kennedy, Dallas, Texas, November 22, 1963 (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

The 36th US President
Lyndon B.Johnson

“I am making a collection of the things my opponents have found me to be, and when this election is over I am going to open a museum and put them on display”  -LBJ.

Introduction

Perhaps Lyndon Baines Johnson neither needs a museum to put his assumed actions by his opponents  on display, nor does he need the archives and classified documents to support his actions, – as history will deal with this eventually when at about 2029 any of the secret documents not being destroyed over time, will be disclosed to the public.

His Presidency marked a change history would take, neither by choice of the public, nor by justice assumed to be operating in the systems of US government. His Presidency and the entire Executive branch at his time is still surrounded in some mystery.

Many historians tried to describe both the man and his years in public office, and all have been succesful in giving some details of this man in action, smart and bright in his background dealings, charming at times in private conversations, – but at the same time a man to be dealt with with caution. Lyndon Johnson would not shy away from any operation if the last would save his public career.

Whilst discussing LBJ, the question might be raised how far a person is prepared to go to compromise justice if so required, to save his personal and public reputation against any wrong doings in the past. Obviously the last depends on what happened in this past.

From any person to become US President it might be assumed that apart from the drive to power there are generally spoken good intentions to contribute to the country. Once being faced with the responsibility of the US Presidency the perception of people in this role do change in line with the requirements of this role and the broader responsibilities, – extending by far the responsibilities of being a US Senator or Governor. Still  the element of choice is around to compromise yourself based on  wrong advise, compromise yourself as result of the history you have (of perhaps being compromised already) and people being prepared to help you at the highest level as long as you know “you owe them” as well.  The scenario’s are always complex, different as well,  for each US President. Some US Presidents have been in a position never ever being compromised in the past, entering from this point of view with a clear conscience in the White House. They had nothing (“terrible”) to hide, don’t need the favours from FBI and others to protect their past from becoming public knowledge. Speaking in the present, they don’t need to “pay back” with certain favours and deals never to be made public. Strictly spoken this is the best position as when you are principal centred you can’t go much wrong, despite genuine errors and mistakes perhaps. However if this is not the case and you are already compromised before entering the White House, the level of dependence on those who are prepared to protect your history from becoming public knowledge (within the same systems of the Executive branch) are not without risk. Some may compromise themselves even further in those complex scenario’s where conscience is slowly losing control of the actions being required, even at the highest level of public office in the US.  “Review of the JFK assassination 2011″ in the June 2011 edition of this blog gives an extensive picture of the level of criminal corruption at the Executive branch of the United States of America when Johnson took over from John Fitzgerald Kennedy, the 35th US President.

As will be illustrated on LBJ – power can be dangerous, especially if the systems of governance at times are allowed to work outside the domain of the law without being detected at the same time by the systems who are supposed to protect the law, and the integrity of public office. At times it proved that all those systems suffered from widespread criminal infestation never as such being acknowledged by the US from historic point of view.

At the end of the day it all depends on the people operating those systems at the Executive branch, however it depends as well on the people operating  the Legislative branch within the US, as both the House and the US Senate have much powers. However they proved not always to work with the public interest at heart as due to dominating powers at the background compromising this public interest.

In the above spirit US Presidents from LBJ until the latest Bush Administration will be discussed, not as an attack on the American system of government, but as a concern that the systems of governance (the physical exercise of managing both power and policy in the US) has been so weak for decades in the democratic republic of the US. It is a reflection of a deep-rooted unresolved problem where it seems that the Union of the US as a concept has neither been perfect nor optimal. The last however is a minimum requirement.

People who were or became US President did live in the White House at a certain time in history, had to face certain pre-existing dynamics and most of the time they tried to deal with this as good as possible within the given circumstances. They could make a personal choice to grow in those circumstances and leave a legacy despite some violations of justice. As an US President it is almost impossible to make always the best possible decision at any given possible time, as much is dependent on the perception and advise being created within both cabinet, advisers and Agencies. However where justice get compromised still there is the personal choice to make it better or worse, to make it better or bitter.

It is the dilemma we all face as people, however within the position of the highest executive powers this requires the wisdom to be aware that once’s actions may decide the lives and wellbeing of many others. It can make a Nation grow or break on its fundamentals, its future. It can make a Nation develop in surplus or deficit, both morally and financially.

Within this context we start with Lyndon Baines Johnson, or LBJ as he was often called.

LBJ

Lyndon Johnson (1908-1973) was born close to Stonewall in Texas and his family with a Baptist background was quite involved in State’s politics. He worked as a high school teacher and after the Japanese attack on “Pearl Harbour” he joined straight away the US Navy.

He was a “New Deal” Democrat representative in 1937 before actually joining the Navy during the war. In 1948 he did win the race to be the Democratic senator for Texas and under the Presidency of John F Kennedy he served as Vice President. LBJ has been the majority leader in the Senate since 1955 and after the JFK assassination on the 22nd of November 1963 in Dallas (Texas) , he became the new US President without having initially an electoral mandate. With a huge majority he was elected in the US Presidential elections of 1964 and managed without much resistance to pass the Civil Rights Act through Congress in 1964. This bill was largely prepared already by JFK the previous year, not popular at the time. The battle for civil rights as we know has been a long one and significant incidents during the Kennedy Administration prepared the Kennedy team for the required legislative changes to pass Congress once reelected, but history took a different course of action..

Once elected with such majority of voters Johnson with the complete backing of the US military powers, ordered in 1965  the Airmobile Division and forces of the CIA to go to Vietnam to increase the US fighting strength, followed by an increase in military fighting strength from 75000 to 125000 man on the ground. This evolved quite quickly after the 1964 elections in 1965. As often happens in history there needs to be a trigger to get public opinion on board when it applies to extending or starting war. LBJ used a surprise Vietcong attack at Pleiku in which 6 American military advisers were killed and 116 wounded on the 6th of February 1865.  LBJ’s aides assisted him with a 2 stage and premeditated contingencies plan , prepared several months before the attack. The first step was a retaliation airstrike in North Vietnam and the second step was to intensify the air war.  History shows this  was implemented in 1965.

It proved that LBJ decided on this level of intervention without really considering the costs and implications. Looking at the last Bush Administration we see that history tend to repeat itself, however the triggers are different. Bush used 9/11 to go to war in Afghanistan and the second step was the war in Iraq. He as well did not consider the costs and the wider implications, a legacy which did leave the US with both a material and immaterial deficit, billions of dollars lost and not being accounted for, a multi trillion budget deficit, more than a million lives being lost and human rights being compromised at the limits against the Convention of Geneva.

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Dx8-ffiYyzA&feature=player_detailpage                                                                                                                                                                                                                  (Report of the  Gulf of Tonkin incident – LBJ)

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HODxnUrFX6k&feature=player_detailpage                                                                                                                            (Gulf of Tonkin: McNamara admits it did not happen)

As part of the slogan “The Great Society” LBJ implemented a few economic and social welfare programs, including MediCare for the elderly and legislation to improve education, whilst increasing the war efforts. He needed this public support at the domestic front to carry out in close coöperation with the military powers a most excessive war program in Vietnam, as this was the agenda of the military leaders in the US.

As a result of the huge war implications in Vietnam an active anti-war movement within the US started to grow with fast increasing levels of public dissatisfaction with LBJ. LBJ was pushed by both the CIA and the Pentagon not to change direction and as both the CIA and Pentagon were the background powers playing a part in the JFK’s assassination with LBJ’s full approval and awareness beforehand, he had not much choice to continue the way it was to aim for a US military victory. By the end of August 1966 only 47% in the US did approve Johnson’s Presidency. The war became increasingly unpopular. By 1968 more than 500000 US military troops were concentrated in Vietnam. The war was costing some 2 billion dollars a month and meanwhile more bombs were dropped in Vietnam than during the second world war.

Within this context the new York Senator Robert Francis Kennedy decided to run for the Presidency in 1968, being a major representative of the anti-war movement and social justice.

LBJ faced “a catch 22 position”. He became aware that the Vietnam was an “ugly war” after his new Defence Secretary Clark Clifford following the replacement of Robert McNamara tried to seek a political solution. LBJ was stuck. With RFK being likely a successful candidate and both the CIA and Pentagon still pushing the war in Vietnam he was facing a  predicament.  The background US powers were loyal to him as there was a reciprocal arrangement between him and the background powers regarding the premeditated JFK assassination and him (LBJ) taking over as US President.  Johnson had no other choice than to resign, in despair. Before this, LBJ did fully support the JFK assassination cover up with installing the Warren Commission and highly CIA favourable representatives running the historical falsehood this Commission provided to mislead the US people and Congress. With LBJ deciding not to be reelected anymore in 1968 it did not mean that the CIA and Pentagon’s directions about Vietnam had changed. This direction needed to be continued after 1968, with still being the issues around the JFK assassination a matter of “national security” not to be disclosed and the direction of Vietnam as part of the same “national security” not to be discontinued. It opened the way for new background dynamics neither to be compromised nor to be disclosed. The powers behind the US President were very smart in playing the democratic systems within the US at their own benefit.

The RFK  assassination including the assassination of Martin Luther King, jr facilitated elections in which Richard Nixon could be elected. Lyndon Johnson could not face the Vietnam war anymore where he could not find a way out without repercussions. He was an unpopular President and as reflected he would likely lose the 1968 elections anyway.The week after LBJ declined to accept the nomination from the Democratic Party for another term as President – Robert Kennedy was assassinated in Los Angeles after winning the California primaries, which would almost secure him to get the Democratic nomination and the Presidency in November 1968.

The anti-war demonstrations were stronger than ever before and the strongest representatives of the anti-war movement were actually Martin Luther King,jr and New York Senator Robert Francis Kennedy. Both the CIA, the FBI with Hoover and  the Pentagon were opposed to the anti-war movement, opposed against a potential RFK being President in 1968.  RFK would have been neither a US President being compromised by the military establishment nor by either the CIA or Hoover from the FBI. With RFK  winning the California primaries in June 1968 he became the person who would likely defeat Nixon in 1968. Nixon was aware of this, like FBI Chief Hoover as well.

Nixon was from CIA perspective 100% save for US military policy and the anti-war movement needed to be broken. First by taking Martin Luther King,jr out of the picture and when Robert Kennedy increased in popularity and became the likely candidate to win the elections after the primaries in California,  the premeditated strategy was to assassinate Kennedy as he was considered to be at this stage the main obstacle for CIA’s defined “national security” . The implications would be horrendous if  Kennedy would be elected President in 1968.  He was perhaps even more determined than his brother John J Kennedy.  Both the FBI (with Hoover still being the Chief) and the CIA could not face this prospect as with RFK being President the withdrawal from Vietnam would become a fact. Hoover would likely lose his job with everything he inflicted at the background of the various scenes he played a role.  However needless to say the JFK assassination with a floored Warren Commission report would be vigorously investigated again and CIA involvement with Lyndon Johnson’s part would be disclosed to the public. As such Kennedy would likely get both Congressional and public support to reorganise the CIA and  bring LBJ to justice. RFK became a security risk. As a US Senator of New York he was of no harm but being the potential next President after Johnson would open all the past corruptions from US Government and “Bobby” would not take any nonsense.  He did not make it.  The cover up was smart and well swallowed by the American public. The question is who gave the order to take him as a second Kennedy out of the picture. Not unlikely there was Presidential approval from Johnson, because Johnson was prepared to pay any price to avoid history catching up on him, and so were the background powers at the same time.

Unrest outside the  1968 Democratic National Convention  in Chicago (Illinois)  with riots and protests by thousands of anti-war demonstrators (many of whom favoured McCarthy)  were crushed on life television by brutal  police force from Chicago (after the RFK assassination in June 1968), – which increased a growing sense of general unrest with the public. The police acted on strict orders from the FBI (Hoover).

Both the combination of LBJ being unpopular, the riots in Chicago and the discouragement of both African – Americans and liberals after the assassinations of both MLK and RFK contributed to that former Vice President Nixon (under Eisenhower) did win the Presidential elections  from Hubert Humphrey (LBJ’s Vice President). Johnson had warned his Vice-President that when he would oppose the war in Vietnam, he would destroy his career.

Robert Kennedy’s assassination did  not only play Nixon  in his favour, but it played Nixon’s close ally Hoover and the CIA in their favour as well, besides the Pentagon.  LBJ likewise did not need to worry about RFK anymore. The secrets of the 22nd of November 1963 in Dallas would be even more secured with Richard Nixon than with Hubert Humphrey, as both Nixon and Johnson had a silent agreement on this issue as both were involved.

The background powers in the US proved to be succesful in their strategic approach with impact on public opinion as well. Richard Nixon did win the Presidential elections carrying  32  States and 301 Electoral votes. Richard Nixon was an old close ally of both Hoover and the “old” military establishment.

The level of LBJ’s violations of Justice

Lyndon Baines Johnson was a highly controversial politician to start with. Smart as a politician, but corrupt before he became even Vice-President.

His involvement in the Bobby Baker scandal did never see the public light in full and the fact that he has been reportedly facilitating an assassination to silence the person who would potentially make his involvement and other corruptions public during the time he was Majority leader of the Senate gives an indication how far he was prepared to go to save his public reputation. He had people working for him to do “the dirty work”.

His ambitions to take over from JFK  started already early in the White House and he was able to create at an early stage already a good relationship with both Hoover and the CIA.  After the Bay of Pigs predicaments he had further dealings with Allen Dulles (who was fired as CIA Director by Kennedy) and Richard Nixon (the architect of the Bay of Pigs plans in Cuba). An important “oil representative” from Texas had a CIA assignment and a growing role at the time. His name was George Herbert Walker Bush, the son of Prescott Bush (1895–1972) a vivid JFK opponent, a close friend of both Nixon and Eisenhower.

Johnson’s  relations with both President Kennedy and in particular Robert Kennedy were strained at times, the least. Robert Kennedy from the beginning was against LBJ’s nomination for the Vice Presidency. Especially both Robert Kennedy and Johnson’s relationship was very tense, – and when Robert Kennedy in his function as Attorney General got to know more about Johnson’s background including his profound corruption (and an earlier assassination)  he decided with his brother the President that the time was there to find an alternative for the Vice Presidency of LBJ  in 1964.

Johnson was actually a  very practical choice during the elections of 1960 as within his role of Majority leader in the Senate he was quite popular. He was known for his tactical approach and many background dealings and very capable in this role. Actually he had hoped to win the democratic Presidential nomination in 1960 and personally he felt he deserved it more than Jack Kennedy.

Days before the JFK assassination Robert Kennedy was in the process of leaking most damaging information to Life Magazine about the Bobby Baker scandal in which Johnson was clearly involved. It would blow his political career for once and for all, however the 22nd of November 1963 did change history for once and for all.

FBI Chief Hoover assisted LBJ to prevent the Bobby Baker scandal leaking to the press after LBJ’s inauguration.

We may assume with LBJ knowing that Robert Kennedy was in the process of ending his political career was determined to prevent this happening at all costs. As he reflected to his mistress on various occasions he felt often utterly embarrassed by the Kennedy’s and before the 22nd of November 1963 he reflected to her that this would soon over, and that it would never happen again.

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7j5xgNH-P6M&feature=player_detailpage                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     (History is proving LBJ has been responsible for the JFK assassination)

In retrospect Lyndon Baines Johnson should have been never US President. With a positive public image initially of being  reliable and pleasant perhaps he proved otherwise to be ruthless, calculated, unstable, – and violating justice in the worst possible way against US Constitution and against the US law. The JFK assassination, the Warren Commission, key witnesses being assassinated, the Vietnam war etc  do cast a very dark shadow on this otherwise capable man. Being capable and being a person of good integrity not always goes well together as proved in Johnson.

His social reforms were good. It did help public approval whilst LBJ preparing with both the CIA and the Pentagon an immediate and drastic change in the Vietnam policy after the assassination of JFK. There is obviously more to his general Presidential legacy than mentioned in the above.

However concentrating on the issue of violating justice,  the measure of this man was not what he did do wrong at an incidental time of his life by error or mistake or by a relatively minor flaw of character. The issue with LBJ is what he did do wrong as a deliberate act to screw up a Nation as part of a Coupe d’Etat where he was personally involved, allowing as such the assassination of  President John F Kennedy. The orchestrated cover up afterwards in which various other people were killed are part of this history. He got his way, escaping with an FBI assisted cover up of the Bobby Baker scandal when he became President and was forced in a predicament to escalate the war in Vietnam with many American and other soldiers being killed, within a conflict which actually was the conflict of South Vietnam.

Many people in retrospect do consider the war in Vietnam an error of judgement, hence JFK reportedly -and with evidence at the time – wanted to withdraw just before he was assassinated. This was not what the military background powers wanted and together with Lyndon Johnson, supported by the parts of the Executive branch a pending Coupe d’Etat was in the process of preparation. Johnson convinced Kennedy that it was important to go to Dallas in Texas to sort some frictions out in the Democratic Party which would boost his Kennedy’s support in the 1964 elections. Kennedy was warned for going to Texas but the 1964 elections were important and the reasoning of Johnson made sense. Johnson would look after some security issues and both the CIA and FBI would prove to be helpful.

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bD4611qW6R8&feature=player_detailpage                                                                                                                                                                                         (E.Howard Hunt implicates Johnson in the JFK assassination – part 1)

The Coupe d’Etat on the 22nd of November 1963 did change  the direction for the US for many years to follow, with still implications in the ruling systems, –  neither allowing nor permitting  justice about the failures of those years during various Administrations afterwards.

Likewise the might of both the CIA and the Pentagon with Presidents either unable or unwilling to tighten control, did escalate both the losses of human lives and the costs of various pointless war’s at a level to bring a Nation on the verge of total financial collapse in 2011, apart from gross injustice being inflicted over the past decades. This happened by choice, neither controlled within the Executive branch nor regulated within the Legislative branch.

In terms of US Presidential profiles in violations of Justice, the participation in the Coupe d’Etat as it happened in 1963, the orchestration of the worst possible political crime in US history buried in the graves of many, did actually create  a precedent or authority  to continue certain trends at the Executive branch increasing the disconnection between citizens and the government.

This was possible in the US and in a way it is still possible. The US Constitution is at the heart of Justice, but neither the Executive branch nor the Legislative branch did allow the justice systems to work in the US as it should be. It would benefit the country so much if this would change and this first chapter on the Presidency of Lyndon Johnson gives an indication where it should have changed.

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rGYrATdJQiY&feature=player_detailpage                                                                                                                         (1960ties  LBJ 1 of 2)

Continued>>>>> in part 4

Former US President Richard Nixon to be discussed in part 4

Thank you!
 Paul 

Paul Alexander Wolf

Profiles In US Presidential Violations of Justice – Front page (Part 1 of 11) on July 5, 2011

Profiles In US Presidential Violations of Justice – Front page (Part 1 of 11)


Presidents of the United States, before 1868

Presidents of the United States, before 1868 (Photo credit: Penn State Special Collections Library)

Front page of  “Profiles in US Presidential Violations of Justice”. Part 1.

Introduction:

“Profiles in US Presidential Violations of Justice” gives an overview of some previous US Presidents from the perception of  violations of Justice,  the last including both the law and/or  US Constitution.

The facts are actually somewhat sobering perhaps and offer an insight at the Executive branch of the US where vital decisions are made for both the US, with a considerable impact at times for the whole world.

Those articles are aimed to show certain Presidential dynamics from a different perspective, both to allow discussion on acceptable standards, – however really fully accepting that the perceptions on those Presidencies can be seen from various perspectives and that it is important in all cases to view the broader context, – the last being fair to history itself and the people who tried to give it their own best efforts once they were elected as US President. They did all work in their own time with the dynamics and questions of their own generation and with their own personal struggles. The last should not be forgotten.

Against all wrongdoings there are considerable achievements at various levels, regardless whether we agree or disagree. It is up to historians to judge the wider picture with the available information at the time.

Since the assassination of President John F Kennedy in 1963 the military arm of the US has been increasingly involved in foreign policy making, not rarely with the use of various covert operations at different levels.  See for instance: >>>>>: https://paulalexanderwolf.wordpress.com/2011/09/14/beyond-911-memorial-services-2011/  and  Anniversary JFK assassination and review  <<<<

The impact of both this influence and the combination of some US Presidents to be discussed has not always been that fortunate.  The profiles on those earlier US President‘s will explain this in  some  detail.

Those profiles on violations of justice however are only restricted to certain aspects or dealings of  those US Presidents, mainly obviously during their years in the White House.

They are, again,  not intended to comment on their legacy in a broader sense.  

Some of those people who were once “US Commander-in-Chief” passed away, others are in retirement. They left behind  valuable examples in areas which could have been dealt with differently. However areas also where they increased the risk on conflict or war, – besides human rights being abused on various occasions.

For certain at times they did  contribute in a wider sense to both the US and the world.

“Profiles in US Presidential Violations of Justice” can be found in the webpages below:

“If  angels  were  to  govern  men, neither  external  nor  internal controls  on government  would be  necessary.  In framing  a government  which  is  to be administered  by  men  over  men, the  great  difficulty  is  this: You  must  first  enable  the  government  to  control  the governed; and  in  the  next  place ,  oblige  it  to  control itself.”

James Madison, 1788—

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“Lincoln  was  not  a  perfect  man, nor  a  perfect  President.  By  modern  standards his condemnation  of slavery  might  be  considered  tentative.”
 —Barack  Obama, Chicago  Tribune,  June, 25, 2005
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->>>>>>>>>>>
 

>Profiles in US Presidential Violations of Justice – Introduction  (Part 2 of 11) on July 4, 2011

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US Presidential profiles in violations of Justice (Part 3 – former US President Johnson) on July 16, 2011

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US Presidential profiles in violations of Justice  (Part 4 – former President Nixon) on July 19, 2011

US Presidential profiles in violations of Justice  (Part 5 – former President Ford) on July 20, 2011

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US Presidential profiles in violations of Justice.  (Part 6 – former President Carter, the exception) on July 28, 2011

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US Presidential profiles in violations of Justice. (Part 7 – former President Ronald Reagan) on August 1, 2011

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US Presidential profiles in violations of Justice. (Part 8 – former President H.W. Bush) on August 6, 2011

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US Presidential profiles in violations of Justice. (Part 9 – former President W. J. Clinton) on August 9, 2011

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>US Presidential profiles in violations of justice. (Part 10 – former President G.W. Bush) on August 13, 2011

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—–>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>
In the article below President Barack Obama is discussed as a prime example of setting better standards since President John F Kennedy. This however is not within the context of “Profiles in US Presidential Violations of Justice” as the last goes from President L.B. Johnson until President  G. W. Bush. It is only an addition or example how things can be different at this level of executive power. The article about President Obama is an interim assessment before his re-election. Whilst every US President will be faced with confidential injustice, for every person in this position applies at times the question how much justice can be  served with injustice. Keeping the right balance between those paradoxes and utilising the choice of serving the best possible justice with a candid exposure of the facts at both inner-team level and the public will give the best possible reflection on each US President, as long ethical the best possible choices are made. This does not take away that for President Obama e.g. applies as well that he has an agenda which he wants to push through amidst the separation of powers in the US.
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Whilst the separation of powers are aimed to protect the US, it insufficiently protected the US during the last decades. History will show in retrospect how President Obama played the bouncing ball game of tensions and dimensions at this level to get his agenda for more social justice through.
Thank you!
 Paul 

Paul Alexander Wolf

Review JFK Assassination 2011: An issue for both Democrats and Republicans.


 
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This article has been edited and reviewed in November 2013. See contents below:  Anniversary JFK assassination and review
 Image result for best photo president john f kennedy
Anniversary JFK assassination and review
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Let every nation know, whether it wishes us well or ill, that we shall pay any price, bear any burden, meet any hardship, support any friend, oppose any foe to assure the survival and the success of liberty.

Anniversary JFK assassination and review

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Let us think of education as the means of developing our greatest abilities, because in each of us there is a private hope and dream which, fulfilled, can be translated into benefit for everyone and greater strength for our nation.

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Change is the law of life. And those who look only to the past or present are certain to miss the future.

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Our progress as a nation can be no swifter than our progress in education. The human mind is our fundamental resource.

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The cost of freedom is always high, but Americans have always paid it. And one path we shall never choose, and that is the path of surrender, or submission.

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Ask not what your country can do for you, ask what you can do for your country.

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A child miseducated is a child lost.

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The farmer is the only man in our economy who buys everything at retail, sells everything at wholesale, and pays the freight both ways.

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The unity of freedom has never relied on uniformity of opinion.

Anniversary JFK assassination and review

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Every society gets the kind of criminal it deserves. What is also true is that every community gets the kind of law enforcement it insists on.

Anniversary JFK assassination and review

 Image result for best photo greatest speech JFK on the united states and justice
 Paul 

Paul Alexander Wolf
https://paulalexanderwolf.wordpress.com/2013/01/06/we-dream-of-things-that-never-were-and-say-why-not/

Our future lies in our children as well!


Vietnam

Vietnam (Photo credit: jamesonwu)

Our future lies in our children as well!

Fortunately, in history, we still  have remarkable  people, – people who left their foot prints, their legacy,  at the times they lived.

People who reflected courage at times of the worst violation of human rights.

Dietrich Bonhoeffer, a German theologian before and during the 2nd World War, saw  the dynamics leading to the upcoming of Hitler. He sensed at an early stage the dangers and went to the US, – realising however that he could not commit to a post war engagement without being involved in the German resistance against Hitler.

He returned to Germany and during the 2nd world war he became increasingly aware that taking Hitler out of the total picture could perhaps save millions of lives.

He engaged himself in a plot to take Hitler’s life but by “miracle” (as Hitler called it),  2 serious assassination attempts failed very closely. It did reinforce Hitler however in his belief that he was supported by supernatural powers.

Bonhoeffer was arrested by the Gestapo and put in a concentration camp. Just before the end of the 2nd world war he was killed  following explicit instructions from the German government. He left some literature providing an insight in the moral dilemma’s he faced with taking an (evil) life, – to preserve many other lives.

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He was an example of true courage.  He said once: “>The test of a moral society is the kind of world that it leaves to its children<.” – I would like to add to this that the moral value of a society is neither its reputation in the world nor its gross national product. The level of greatest morality in society is far more connected with the way its looks after its children, the elderly and the frail, – facilitating optimal education to offer people a future with value and dignity, in peace.

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This world is still a world where children do suffer. In various countries uprooted by civil war, poverty and lack of basic education. Besides this there are many countries where many thousands of children (millions perhaps) are sold or disappeared in the sex trade or child pornography. Daily abused in the most horrible dimensions. Often the perpetrators walk free as e.g the case recently with a Belgian Arch Bishop. He abused children in his care and in the 21st century in Belgium, he was only advised to leave the country – without any prosecution.

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Not to speak about countries reigned by some dictators, often far worse, – but these dimensions about child abuse are almost at a global level. This is the violence different from the bomb at night in Gaza, slower than the shot in Afghanistan, – but at least as deadly in terms of physical and mental torture. It is the silent violence and the slow decay within existing institutions supposed serving the countries, – like e.g. in  Belgium, where high-ranking government officials have been involved in  pedophile rings, and where some influentially in the top of the Roman Catholic Church walk free.

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This violence again is different from e.g. the violence applied by the US in Vietnam some decades ago, where the US Government was in a place to decide which areas in Vietnam would be destroyed with mass bombardments. It is the violence different as applied in many other pointless war’s as happened e.g in Iraq. Nevertheless it is often institutional violence, like it was institutional violence which intervened in John F Kennedy’s Presidency of the US, with high-ranking Governments officials being involved with cover up’s at the highest level of US Government. It was this institutional violence as well which killed both Martin Luther King, Jr and Robert F Kennedy during the anti Vietnam-war demonstrations,  – preparing as such (in a way)  the winning campaign of Richard Nixon.  Even in the US there are potentially dangerous dynamics if not wisely put to an end.  Still e.g. the Iraq war and 9/11 left many unanswered questions and if the Bush administration with Dick Cheney & Donald Rumsfeld would stand trial in an International Court of Justice, the verdict could be less favourable than most people would think, – if all available evidence would be presented. The potential however in the US reflects still the choices being possible to change the political climate, which is different from some other countries. The choices of not allowing the past to become the future of our children. The statue of liberty however has only value with a supplementary statue of responsibility in the White House. If the US would falter and loses its freedom it is: “because we destroyed ourselves”, – Abraham Lincoln once said.

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Neither western democracies nor countries elsewhere on the world are free of failures of both judgement and perceptions, but  with democracies is has been rarely necessary to put dissidents in jail whilst this seems common practice in those countries where there are no free elections. The beauties of a democracy remain restricted if  most value their right to remain indifferent against potential evil systems tolerated in their own society. Every democratic country gets the criminals it deserves in the highest positions, where there is a free vote, – but on the other hand each free vote can add to the law enforcement being required. People being elected at various levels of government do represent the choices of people and in real democracies it is not really justified to blame politics for everything, – as everyone in those positions of government can be replaced through those who are committed to their democratic votes and the legitimate need for change. The dynamics in e.g Syria are far less straightforward, especially when the crack down on dissidents is relentless and supported by Teheran.

Nevertheless certain countries can’t continue killing their own people without repercussions on the long-term. It happened in the former Yugoslavia and there are still trials in The Hague with generals involved in genocide and all other abuses of human rights.

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Like the principle of non involvement in business does not work in the time of knowledge workers, non involvement does not work in the business of the political administration of any country, and most of the non democratic leaders are operating from obsolete and inflated paradigms driving their countries on the brink of disaster.

In 2008 the US made a choice for profound change and Barack Obama became the first African American President. Despite a multi trillion federal budget deficit inherited from past Administrations, he was able to carry out various reforms. Without compromising on the needs for the children, the frail, the elderly and the middle class he needs to find ways to attempt a significant reduction in the federal budget deficit to keep the US a sustainable country. No representative of the Republican Party during the 2012 elections will prove to have similar credentials as this first African-American President, who may prove in retrospect  to be one of the finest US Presidents in history, – provided being able to serve his 8 years term in office.

Education is the key to help less privileged groups to better standards of living all over the world. It can push countries to the next levels of their endeavours. The inhumanity and dilemma’s of this swiftly changing planet can’t be resolved by ongoing oppression of groups who want to see positive changes in their society. The world can neither be moved by those who represent a dying history of obsolete principles of government, with full prove that it does not work, – nor can it be moved by democracies with decay in their systems as allowed by those having a free vote. Our security can’t be secured anymore by nuclear warheads. – Security is far more likely to be settled in the way reason meets across the borders of division. The future will be an achievement for those who find ways to work together at the forefront of those challenges in our time.

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The world is wicked dark and grey, despite its beauties on many of its corners. Obstruction is in the midst whilst oppression does not leave from the streets. If we ask the children all over the world what makes their times bad, they will tell. They will tell the stories about hunger and dysfunctional families. They will tell their stories about violence and rape. They will tell the stories about schools without books. They will tell the stories about friends being gunned or knifed down. They will tell the stories about trading childs for sex in Taiwan and Cambodia, apart from other countries. It is this silent violence which goes barefaced often under the protection of civil servants or in some countries – the church. The grievances of many under oppression are loud and clear but often not heard. Often they are wiped under the carpets. Those carpets often so nicely shining from the top, but so dusty and dirty at the bottom where nobody looks.  As long as the world will exist there are always wicked leaders who ruin the ethical principles of life by wearing out the people who refuse to remain indifferent towards human suffering and humiliation.

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Through the agony of deep divisions we need to change our world by our choices. We need the world and the world needs us. ….Those who take history as a relentless master in the challenge to keep both reverence for life and diversity, will always meet the world as a strange place, – whilst it take miles to make it change. However there is a time fixed for this…This time will come at the fittest time where people will be set free… This optimism takes no account of the present but is worth both enduring inspiration vitality and hope for the future, – where others have resigned to claim the future for themselves.

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And still, we see this hope and optimism in children.  And don’t let us forsake them, – they are our future!!

Thank you!

 Paul 

Paul Alexander Wolf

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6gdGkf5Kb2w&feature=player_detailpage

https://paulalexanderwolf.wordpress.com/2012/09/28/on-the-issue-of-human-trafficking/

https://paulalexanderwolf.wordpress.com/2013/01/06/we-dream-of-things-that-never-were-and-say-why-not/