“The Road We’ve Traveled ”
Do we ever get such President again?
Robert Fritz wrote, “It is not what a vision is; it’s what a vision does.”
What does a vision do?… Vision is the ability to see.
Paul Alexander Wolf
“The Road We’ve Traveled ”
Do we ever get such President again?
Robert Fritz wrote, “It is not what a vision is; it’s what a vision does.”
Paul Alexander Wolf
Are we able to change our mindset amidst the predicaments for the future through a different learning?
Bach Concerto for solo keyboard No.10 in C minor, BWV981 after B. Marcello:
“It is never my custom to use words lightly.. If 27 years in prison have done anything to us, it was to use the silence of solitude to make us understand how precious words are and how real speech is in its impact on the way people live and die.”
– Nelson Mandela July 2000
“We have ancient habits to deal with, vast structures of power, indescribably complicated problems to solve. But unless we abdicate our humanity altogether and succumb to fear and impotence in the presence of the weapons we have ourselves created, it is as possible and as urgent to put an end to war and violence between nations as it is to put an end to poverty and racial injustice.“
– Martin Luther King, Jr.
“Great minds have purposes, others have wishes”
– Washington Irving“
Regardless the general conviction that our human potential is enormous, that things are possible which were never thought to be possible, and that only limiting your choices in life to what seems possible is not always the best deal, – for certain there are limitations at both the personal and environmental level… This despite opinions that if you believe enough, you get it… which applies both at collective and personal level and I guess we all know about this, it’s often about vision..
Within this context I like to say a few things, moving from the personal level to the collective level, – the last within the domain of the necessity to take the future of humanity up to the next level. All part of a new frontline in our shared values on our concern and attention, – for the future of this world.
|Location||Ambassador Hotel, Los Angeles, California, USA|
|Coordinates||34°03′35″N 118°17′50″W / 34.0597°N 118.2971°W / 34.0597; -118.2971Coordinates: 34°03′35″N 118°17′50″W / 34.0597°N 118.2971°W / 34.0597; -118.2971|
|Date||June 5, 1968 12:15 a.m. (Pacific Time Zone)|
|Target||Robert F. Kennedy|
|Weapon(s)||.22 caliber Iver-Johnson|
The freedom of information act in the US did show various new information on lots of issues in the US, including e.g. more documents about the assassination of President John F Kennedy on the 22nd of November 1963 in Dallas.
Enough material is available now to change the perception on JFK’s death and the circumstances leading to it, – however much of the available information has been in part redacted, changed over time, and some most secret documents not being released as yet.
FBI files created by former FBI Chief J Edgar Hoover do contain information with various degree of reliability as his files were at times used to compromise his own opponents or the opponents of those persons he had a good working relation with.
Despite many publications already over the last 50 years, it would seem that some recent records have not been put together as yet, – and the aim of this article is to give a fresh review on what actually happened in Dallas, including the dynamics leading to it.
It is not that important for the purpose of this article who fired the real shots from the various directions.
More important however are the forces behind the assassination of this popular President, who was perceived as a danger by different groups and people at the same time. As will be illustrated, this created as such an opportunity to help to develop a monster plot with the help of fugitive undercurrents, which existed at the core of America’s democracy. Hence what is known about it and still on classified files are not likely to be released, not even in 2017.
The US – in retrospect – allowed JFK to be killed without any full and proper investigations after the assassination, with most justice systems deliberately failing at the same time, and officials including media misleading the public. It did affect the heart of the US as a democracy 50 years ago, but events in US politics continued to affect the heart of the US as a democracy, in various ways for decades after the 22nd of November 1963.
Today with all modern (adapted) technology being available, together with the option by choice to reopen the investigations based on non revealed ARRB files (transcripts, memoranda, hearings etc) after the final (not conclusive) ARRB Report (which is filed in 1998 at the JFK Collection at the National Archives and Records Administration in College Park,Maryland), – renewed investigation is an option for a democracy which does respect itself in terms of lasting justice.
Based on well documented wiretaps of mobsters before and after the JFK assassination, the House Assassination Committee concluded 16 years after the Dallas crimes: “There is solid evidence….that Hoffa, Marcello and Trafficante – 3 of the most important targets for criminal prosecution by the Kennedy Administration – had discussions with their subordinates about murdering President Kennedy.”
For certain the mob was a beneficiary for the assassination, but there were more. The organised crime drive in particular from the Attorney general Robert Kennedy prompted certainly a plan to strike back. In the first instance it would be an assassination on Robert Kennedy but the plan shifted later to the President.
The information about the JFK assassination till so far provides really more direction, – on how high-ranking American Government officials (including President Lyndon B. Johnson) dealt with matters after that fateful day in Dallas in 1963. However there is more to this to be discussed.
WHAT HAPPENED IN THE EARLY DAYS OF JFK’s PRESIDENCY?
Three days after the Bay of Pig crisis at the early start of his Presidency, – Kennedy ( being insufficient informed by both the CIA and the Pentagon Generals) started a Cuban Study Group (leaded by General Maxwell Taylor) to “direct special attention to the lessons which can be learnt from those events in Cuba.” It sounds trivial but “The Cuba study group” was a significant creation of the Kennedy Presidency and whilst receiving little notice at the time, it was the source of utter CIA discontent after Allen Dulles as head of the CIA was fired by the President, – following his failures within the CIA to advise him in line with correct procedure about the pending Bay of Pig invasion in Cuba, including its viability. The Bay of Pig invasion in Cuba was a profound disaster for various reasons. Kennedy took responsibility for this.
Both the Kennedy’s and the CIA/Pentagon started a collision course as due to profound different perceptions on the military future of the US, – besides various personal animosities which played at a different level than the animosities with the mob. The introduction of Robert Kennedy in various security meetings as requested by the President, and RFK’s high level of assertiveness with some controversial Generals did not go always very well.
JFK ignored during the Cuban missile crisis (which brought the world close to nuclear disaster), – military advise to attack Cuba and with restraint and a last-minute deal with the Soviets on US missiles in Turkey, – he avoided an all out nuclear confrontation with the Soviet Union. The Pentagon advised to attack Cuba, indicating this was the best course of action, however in retrospect nuclear missiles were already installed in Cuba and Russian commanders were under the instruction to fire those nuclear missiles in case of a US attack on Cuba. The Pentagon’s advise at the time was that there were only missile installations and no missiles as yet, – this illustrating how the intelligence worked at the time. JFK’s reservations about his military advisers increased and vice versa.
Again against Military & CIA advise JFK wanted to ease the tensions with the Soviet Union to avoid war. He knew the dangers of war and being ready though to go to war if there was really no other rational option anymore, war was for him really the last resort, – whilst war actually seemed to be the priority choice of some hard-liners within the Pentagon. Some of those hardliners proposed a pre-emptive nuclear strike on the Soviets, which got JFK really more worried about the Pentagon than a surprise attack from the Soviet leader at the time.
JFK’s “Peace speech” reflected his ability to humanize the Soviet Union, whilst his “Berlin speech” showed his profound dismay with the political system. Both JFK’s Peace speech and his speech about “Secret Organisations” in the US did indicate the direction this President wanted to follow, – besides the politics of transparency. This stunned both the CIA and the Pentagon
Fidel Castro in Cuba (a close ally of the Soviets) remained however a significant obstacle (already since the Eisenhower Administration), and a secret joint mission of both the CIA and the Mafia (the last with connections in Cuba) were close of being executed at the end of 1963. The mission was to kill Castro. Robert Kennedy was involved in those plans, but tried however to stop Mafia involvement on the 7th of May 1962 during a briefing from CIA officials.
The Church Committee in 1975 reported that after this CIA briefing and discussion with Robert Kennedy, – the CIA with William Harvey continued to work closely with at least Rosselli to arrange the assassination of Castro. This is significant as it is clear as with other Presidents there was no full control over the CIA. The mob including Sam Giancana John Rosselli and Trafficantes had certain cooperative roles with the CIA (those roles being established for quite some time already) – long before the Kennedy Administration.
President Kennedy was aware of the potential use of Giancana, whilst having an affair with his mistress (Exner). The last did not put him in an easy position with the FBI Director Hoover, who was aware of this. This apart from the fact that Kennedy’s affair with Exner was taking a high risk to be compromised.
JFK planned for the future to recognise Cuba, assuming if “they would buy toasters and dishwashers” – at some stage they would throw Castro out themselves. Obviously he did not accept nuclear missiles in Cuba directed at any city in the US, – but he preferred to ease at least some of the tensions about Cuba in his second term in office, if he would win the 1964 elections.
He preferred a pragmatic approach and not increasing tensions, – again against hard-liners within the CIA and the Pentagon who started to perceive JFK as a security risk for the US, – especially as President Kennedy had little desire to escalate matters in Vietnam..
Under the Eisenhower Administration the CIA had already directives to coöperate with the mafia to overthrow Castro and under the Kennedy administration the CIA developed plans to gun down Castro in Cuba with the help of the Mafia. The Mafia had a strong interest in a Cuba without Castro for different reasons. The Church Committee discovered some aid plots involving the CIA from 1960 to 1965 to assassinate Fidel Castro.
In 1960 President elect John F Kennedy was told by the CIA’s deputy Director, Richard Bisell, about the plot to kill Castro. This included mob help from Giancana, who has been asked by Frank Sinatra to help the Kennedy campaign in Illinois during the 1960 elections. Joseph Kennedy,sr would possibly seem to have asked the mob to help somehow as well but did not make any deals. Reportedly Frank Sinatra actually made a deal (without Joseph Kennedy being directly involved), assuming that he did do the right thing for the Kennedy’s. He did indicate even that JFK (once elected) would leave the mob as much as possible alone. However this did not happen.
Meanwhile the mob felt utterly betrayed by both the President and his brother (the Attorney General), – as they anticipated protection once JFK was elected President. Once in office, Robert Kennedy in his function of Attorney General (on behalf of his brother) started the most intensive crusade against organised crime in US history. The Kennedy’s had even before the 1960 elections involvement in vigorously anti- crime dealings as documented in the hearings with Jimmy Hoffa – the boss of the Teamsters – when JFK was Senator of Massachusetts. As matters evolved in the White House, they (the mob and Jimmy Hoffa) increasingly hated both the Kennedy brothers, and with Jimmy Hoffa (an old RFK enemy) they waited for the right timing for revenge. Giancana cursed Kennedy indicating that he went out of his way to help him to win the election, whilst his brother (“Bobby”) was targeting the mob. The last with great embarrassment for Giancana personally in respect to the other Mafia families.
On the one hand it seemed to the mob that the Kennedy Administration (with the President even having an affair with Giancana’s mistress, hearing Mafia secrets perhaps) were tolerating perhaps CIA mob connections to assassinate Castro, – whilst on the other hand being tough on organised crime. They really could not take this.
With Robert Kennedy in the final analysis trying to stop those long existing connections, – this may have really infuriated both the CIA and the mob again, who felt both let down by the Kennedy’s anyway. Exner (Giancana’s mistress) once said: “They hated Bobby!”
Frank Ragano (Tampa mob lawyer) once reflected on a chilling conversation between his clients Trafficante, Jimmy Hoffa and Carlos Marcello. The three of them have been under scrutiny as a result of Robert Kennedy’s organised crime drive and had strong motives for revenge and survival. They considered what would happen if anything would happen to Bobby and they agreed that the President would go after his enemies with added determination. The other option was “if something would happen to the President”, – Hoffa asked. “Lyndon Johnson would get rid of Bobby”, – one of Hoffa’s lawyers reflected.
OTHER BENEFICIARIES OF JFK ‘s ASSASSINATION?
Obviously Robert Kennedy was in a profound state of shock after the death of his brother. He had not only to deal with his own grief, the grief of the Kennedy family, – but he became aware that he has been on a collision course for which he felt he was in part to blame.
When Robert was assassinated in 1968 he went to his grave likely believing that there was a real connection between his organised crime drive and his brother’s assassination, – which proved not to be true. The forces were far more stronger and complex than the Mafia on its own. During the Kennedy Administration the spirit of the “cold war environment” was that within the CIA anything was allowed to overthrow Castro and to oppose the Soviets. Within this context a further collusion of interest evolved between more beneficiary’s of President Kennedy’s death. With close connections between the CIA and those in Cuba feeling hostile to Castro – ( the CIA, the mob and anti Castro people feeling betrayed by Kennedy due to him aborting the Bay of Pig invasion with no further support from the air) – further dynamics were evolving, with both the CIA and the FBI (Hoover) developing increasing resentments against JFK. The CIA and FBI not always friendly with each other recognised some common ground on JFK and his brother. Those groups had already positive connections with Vice – President Lyndon Johnson. However also with former vice -President Nixon. ( As a matter of interest Jack Ruby who killed Lee Harvey Oswald, the alleged assassin of JFK, – has been working for Richard Nixon since 1947). The question was how the CIA and the Military would be involved. – or was it the other way around? The last is an interesting question and the final answer will be somehow documented in the record still being on file.
JFK’s intentions to ease the tensions with the Soviet Union and a leaked memo that he was prepared to withdraw from Vietnam – on top of earlier evidence in which he showed to follow a line of action independent from his military advisers (in close consultation with his brother RFK), – seemed to turn the tide really against him. In the public arena his speeches reflected directions of peace and opposition against activities of so-called “secret societies”. What Truman said in private about the CIA and the military, – Kennedy brought in public what both the CIA and secret organisations (e.g “Skull and Bones”) never wanted to hear. What was going to happen if this President was going to be re elected again in 1964, with such strong ties with his influential brother???
JFK’s direction was clearly against the hardliners within both the CIA and the Pentagon. Whilst both the Pentagon and the CIA were strongly in favour to increase the war efforts in Vietnam, President Kennedy – supporting those efforts initially (as he did with the Bay of Pigs, based on wrong advise), – became increasingly aware that this was not the desired direction for the future. When a secret document leaked that he wanted to withdraw from Vietnam he added only to increasing animosity with some Pentagon Generals, – besides the CIA. The mob was quite willing to coöperate with both the CIA and others to do “the job” in Dallas (they had good coöperation with the CIA anyway about Cuba) and 3 different assassination scenario’s seemed to have been in place that day if the attempt on Daley Plaza would fail. The CIA and the mob were in agreement “to sort JFK out”, each for different reasons. Alan Dulles, despite being fired as CIA boss, still had close connections with some hardliners within the CIA and there was still real animosity. A profound difference in perception on the strategic military direction of the US was at the heart of this animosity, despite the fact that Kennedy was able to deal with the Pentagon more favourably than at the beginning of his Presidency. After all, the outcome of the Cuba crisis gave him some credit from at least a few within the Pentagon. The views on the future remained however most antagonistic. It was at a time as well that JFK was not too keen to have Johnson as his running-mate for the 1964 elections as due to past corruption scandals of LBJ and various other things to be leaked to LIFE magazine by RFK.
The fact that the President had such a close bond with his brother ( the Attorney general), even where it came to military operations, indicated for the Pentagon that this President (despite being prepared to listen) would do it his own way. The CIA had similar perceptions.
Under President Truman the insidious power of the CIA became quite clear and both Truman and President Eisenhower warned for this as part of Constitutional fears for criminal peace time operations (the CIA often being side tracked from its original assignment). The CIA evolved into an operational and at times a policy making arm of the Government. Kennedy being aware and warned for those dangers by his predecessors, wanted to change this situation eventually, – being supported by his brother. JFK reportedly planned to dismantle the CIA and the Federal Reserve whilst being ready to expose their illicit operations, – the last being most significant, but most dangerous!
Robert Kennedy not being convinced that CIA protection for the President would be always effective had contemplated on facilitating a private guard, – disconnected from the CIA, as the tensions were clearly felt. Some dangers were felt, however not that obvious as yet.
Beyond all those issues, JFK was really able to reach outside the traditional and existing cold war perceptions of the US establishment, looking at the bigger picture to survive on this planet with a more global perspective, – whilst the CIA & the Pentagon under no circumstances wanted to buy into this, if required at all costs.
The question is how would above groups could work together. There was one more (but most significant!) beneficiary of the assassination of the President. Robert Kennedy opposed Lyndon Johnson for various reasons and both the Kennedy’s wanted to replace Lyndon Johnson as Vice President. As mentioned. In the 1960 LBJ was just a practical choice for JFK in the run up to the 1960 elections. The relationship between LBJ and the Kennedy brothers was at times strained and in particular the Vice President’s relationship with Robert Kennedy were at times close to “explosive”. Lyndon Johnson had profound fears for going to jail about a potential exposure of the Bobby Baker scandal and Robert Kennedy fed extremely damaging information to LIFE magazine to show Lyndon Johnson’s corruption that would blow him “out of the water, once and for all”.
The Kennedy’s and LIFE magazine were – before JFK’s Dallas trip – only days away from politically executing Lyndon Johnson, – with his history of corruptions whilst running the Senate as a Majority leader, with LBJ still having an adviser with close Mafia connections in place. The Vice Presidential ticket in 1964 was most likely to go to either Gerry Sanford of North Carolina or George Smathers of Florida. LBJ was most aware of this!
Bobby Baker was Lyndon Johnson’s secretary and political adviser from the early 50ties until 1962, – however at the time with close connections with mobster Giancana in various business entities, – as discovered by Robert Kennedy. Robert Kennedy also found out that that Baker was also involved in procuring women for President Kennedy, the last having a well documented interest for females (at times most risky liaisons), – with an added risk for further black-mail from the FBI Director Hoover.
Whilst working for LBJ in the White House, Baker continued to have close connections with Giancana and an associate of Jimmy Hoffa, – together with Clint Murchison. Not the best people to connect with if your boss is US Vice-President. It is clear how close the mob was to both Baker and via Baker, – to LBJ. LBJ received a pay off of $100000,= cash in a suitcase as due to his role in securing Fort Worth TFX contract (witnessed by Don B. Reynolds), which was needless to say both corrupt and highly controversial in his place.
After LBJ became President one of the first things was to contract B.Everett Jordan to prevent this information being published and a smear campaign was organised to damage Reynolds, – strongly assisted by FBI Chief Hoover who had developed a file about him. It is clear in retrospect that LBJ was under massive threat before the Kennedy assassination of his corruption being exposed by RFK. As Jimmy Hoffa’s lawyer noted in a conversation mentioned earlier, the problem would not be solved by taking Robert Kennedy out of the picture.
LBJ was for Government Agencies an ideal candidate for a Kennedy succession if Government Agencies together with the mob could settle “the matter” on the 22 nd of November 1963 in Dallas at 12.30 pm. The timing was right as it would not be in LBJ’s interest to have the Bobby Baker scandal and his corruption leaked to the press. The last would indeed blow the light out of his political career. For the Vice President’s protection he needed not to be fully aware of all the in’s and out’s but his full help with the cover up afterwards was enough. LBJ had already “dirty hands”, as reportedly he has murdered a number of people in Texas (eg Henry Marchall in June 1961 ) to cover up his corruption scandals and at the background it would seem he set the scene at Dealy Plaza with others.
LBJ and Hoover had dinner at Murchison’s mansion shortly before the assassination. After this meeting LBJ told his mistress Madelyn Brown that the Kennedy’s “will never embarrass me again”. Some close associates of LBJ in 2006 (many years later) reflected similar suspicion’s of LBJ’s involvement in the JFK assassination.
In the 1980ties Billie Sol Estes – a close associate of LBJ – (just released from prison in 1983) , began confessing the murder on Henry Marshall on the orders of LBJ. The authorities never re investigated the Henry Marchall case, but it was clear that there was a risk that Henry Marchall would have “blown the whistle” at a most inconvenient moment in LBJ’s political career. Reportedly LBJ had a personal “hitman”. Reportedly as well he was ready now for “the clean up” of the Kennedy Administration with the required background support from various areas. Obviously organised crime was required to cover up the operation and both the FBI and the CIA were more than helpful with this and vice versa. Many witnesses (some 72) disappeared or were found dead after poisoning or “an accident”. LBJ was already a heavily corrupted man when he became President, and the truth about the Kennedy assassination would not serve any of his interests, neither the interests of the people he worked with in both the CIA and the FBI.
There are more stunning links.
George Herbert Bush (later President) worked for the CIA in 1963 and was pictured on Dealy Plaza as one of the “crime spotters”. Richard Nixon joined Hoover on the night of the 22st of November 1963, – the day before Kennedy arrived in Dallas. There is FBI evidence that former President George H. Bush was the recipient of a full CIA briefing on the day after the assassination of JFK, in his younger years. FBI Director Hoover wrote a memo referring to the Bush,sr briefing, and the night before JFK was assassinated both Hoover met with others at the Dallas house of Texas oil baron Collin J “Clint” Murchison,jr as far as reports of the retired army brigadier General William Penn Jones concerned. Hoover like LBJ were most aware of what was going to happen, – likewise Richard Nixon. Never ever would Nixon later on as President allow further Watergate investigations as E Howard Hunt with a few other CIA man were both involved in the Watergate burglary and the JFK assassination.
All this information is on file and available on internet research. As earlier reflected some of the finer details are not disclosed as yet and are not due to be disclosed as they are still considered to be top secret.
Edgar J Hoover (the FBI Chief) was a close friend and neighbour of Vice – President Lyndon Johnson, – besides being a respected friend of Richard Nixon. Traditionally Hoover gathered as much as possible controversial information about any potentially threatening incumbant President and in this case he had a file on the Kennedy’s to maintain his extremely powerful position within the FBI. He was despised by both Kennedy’s and Hoover hated in particular Robert Kennedy, the Attorney General (his boss at the time) , – but for certain JFK as well. His file could potentially destroy the Kennedy Presidency hence the Kennedy’s had to put up with him. No President was able to remove Hoover as Hoover proved to be a master in creating controversial material. Besides this Hoover was on the verge of war with the Kennedy’s about their support for the equal rights movement after the lessons from the “Freedom Riders” from Nashville in 1961 in Alabama. Police inflicted repugnant violence in the police state of Alabama, with the FBI supporting the Ku Klux Clan. Whilst the Attorney General Robert Kennedy queried perhaps the wisdom of the Freedom Riders for their endeavours at that particular time, – supported however by his brother the US President – he did sent Federal Troops in to protect those people. It proved that Hoover ignored his boss and no FBI protection was provided at all, despite promises.
(At the time of RFK’s death later on in 1968, RFK was the representative for social change in the US, for the last even more hated as well by Hoover.)
As one can see, the decision to take President John Fitzgerald Kennedy out of the picture evolved into a joint effort of various high-ranking groups and persons collaborating at the same time. Similar the disappearing of many witnesses was the effort of the same collaborating persons and groups as well, – after the Dallas crime took place. Those who gave the orders are still protected by US law, not to be release documents incriminating the highest US officials.
Never ever was the world allowed to know what happened, – but as one can see the assassination was a Coupe d’ Etat, with a cover up of massive proportions – to be even continued under President Nixon , President Ford and Presidents following. LBJ in retrospect blamed Castro from Cuba organising the crime, whilst admitting in 1971 that he never believed in Oswald acting alone. Before he died in the 70ties, – LBJ claimed that the JFK assassination was likely retaliation from Castro on a potential assassination in which both the CIA and the mob would be involved, and that Robert Kennedy has been involved in this anti Castro plot. In 1969 he claimed indirectly in an interview with Walter Cronkey that there could have been international connections. President Gerald Ford however (member at the time of the Warren Commission) – just before he died in 2006 – reflected in his memoirs that the CIA was involved, which leaves besides all the other things only one conclusion about LBJ’s inconsistent reflections, and him as a person.
Robert Kennedy in agony at times about various questions he had, – asked Johnson at some stage: “Why did you kill my brother?”- Robert Kennedy knew the secrets of the Kennedy Administration, he had suspicions on both the CIA and the Mafia as well. However he was not sure as yet. After resigning as Attorney General in the Johnson Administration (FBI Chief Hoover totally ignored him), RFK became elected and was “allowed” to be the Senator for New York where he would be of no harm to the LBJ Administration.
RFK accepted the outcome of the Warren Communion as he had little choice, being both aware of the background powers and the potential of further (anti) Kennedy smear campaigns. Besides this he was profoundly and for quite some time in despair about the death of his brother.
Robert Kennedy however was under close watch, in particular when he decided to run for the Presidential elections in 1968, – opposing both the sitting President Lyndon Johnson and the Vietnam war. If he would prove to win California in the primaries he would most likely get the Democratic nomination and being elected US President after Johnson, defeating Nixon in his second efforts against a Kennedy. For certain RFK would have decided to withdraw from Vietnam and change the CIA, being aware of the dangers of the CIA. Besides this he would have endeavoured a different direction for the United States, as his grief had made him more compassionate for the less privileged groups in and outside the US.
With Bobby Kennedy being nationally an increasing popular Presidential candidate he did sign in a way his own death sentence. Both the FBI Chief Hoover and the same undercurrents in the CIA with mob connections involved in the murder of his brother, did not allow a second Kennedy to be President, – and for certain not Robert Francis Kennedy! President Johnson felt again profoundly under threat of Robert Kennedy. It was beyond any doubt that no RFK could be allowed in the White House, by all “ruling parties” (including Nixon at the background, supported by Hoover). Besides a different direction for the US, for certain RFK would be able to unravel the Coup d’Etat as it took place in Dallas the 22nd of November 1963. This would neither be in Hoovers interest, nor in the interest of the CIA, nor in the interest of Nixon or LBJ or any other party involved in the JFK assassination less than 5 years before. It will be interesting to know which reflections are stored in the secret US files incriminating those people who gave the orders. For certain the CIA connection has been established already, but it is unclear where the instructions came from.
A smartly constructed CIA conspiracy ended Robert Kennedy’s race for the White House in Los Angeles, June 1968. Various bullets were fired. Martin Luther King,jr was just assassinated a couple of months before by likely the same undercurrents with FBI involvement as well. Hoover hated MLK, including the movement against the war in Vietnam. All this created massive unrest at all corners of the US, – besides sadness after 2 assassinations in a row. Within this climate of unrest it was not that difficult for Nixon to be elected after Robert Kennedy’s assassination in 1968 and President Nixon intensified the war in Vietnam. FBI Chief Hoover was a close ally of the Nixon Administration, – feeding Nixon with all sorts of wired taped material of conversations between people which could provoke potential damage if used. Henry Kissinger, who reportedly served as a dual agent for both Germany and Russia during the second world war, became Secretary of State under the Nixon Administration. When Nixon had to resign over the Watergate scandal, Gerald Ford took over as the 38th President of the US. The first thing he did – and I repeat saying this – was a Presidential Pardon for Richard Nixon, as such avoiding further investigation into the Watergate affair and preventing further revelations about further connection in the Kennedy assassination as well. The New York Times stated that Nixon’s pardon was ” a profoundly unwise, divisive, and unjust act”. In one stroke it had destroyed the new President’s “credibility as a man of judgement, candour and competence.”
Regarding Gerald Ford’s involvement in the Warren Commission in 1963-1964, – Ford said far later that the CIA destroyed or kept from investigations critical secrets about the 1963 Dallas assassination of President Kennedy. He said as well that the aim was to prevent “certain classified and potentially damaging operations in danger of being exposed.” It was the CIA’s purpose “to hide or destroy some information which can easily being interpreted as collusion in JFK’s assassination.” In other words some information has been destroyed. Before Gerald Ford died he published his memoirs in which he stated that the CIA was involved and he knew.
It is more than likely that the US military establishment including the CIA, the FBI, various of the highest Government Officials and some politicians were involved in the JFK assassination. It is not entirely clear who gave the orders and how they were executed in detail.
An FBI memo released in 2008 -again- reflected that Gerald Ford secretly provided the FBI with information about 2 members of the Warren Commission who doubted both the FBI and the Warren Commission’s conclusions about the assassination. The position of the FBI was that there was only one gun man firing from the Texas Book depository. It proved in 1978 that Ford in 1963 volunteered to advise the FBI about the full contents of all the deliberations in the Warren Commission, provided that his comments with the FBI was kept confidential. This condition was agreed with Edgar Hoover. It proved as well that Ford had strong ties with both the FBI and Hoover. The later President Ford as a member of the Warren Commission in 1963/1964, had full insight in the deliberate failures of the Warren Commission and played a most controversial role with the FBI whilst assisting the cover up and supporting the Warren Commission’s findings. Ford at the time had close connections with the CIA as well and was likely fully aware – later on – that there was far more to Watergate which could incriminate again highest Government officials if e.g Howard Hunt (one of the Watergate burglars) would be put in a position to break the “code of silence”. Hunt made revelations on his deathbed on his and LBJ’s involvement in the JFK assassination and if Gerald Ford would not have given Richard Nixon a Presidential Pardon, Ford as past member of the Warren Commission could be subject for impeachment as well.
Before his poisoning death Frank Sturgess told the San Fransisco Chronicle in May 1977: ” The reason we burglarized Watergate was because Nixon was interested in stopping news leaking related to the photo’s of our role in the assassination of President John F Kennedy.” Additional assassination photo’s would seem to have been available, besides assassination footage taken from a helicopter which would proof that the story about Oswald was fabricated to support the lone – gunman and magic bullet theory. When Nixon stepped down many years later as US President over the Watergate scandal to avoid impeachment and further investigations, it was (this needs to be repeated) President Gerald Ford – who has been a controversial member of the Warren Commission in 1963- who gave Nixon a “general pardon” avoiding as such any further investigations. Gerald Ford has been publicly praised as well for his courage to leave “Watergate” behind, whilst this was clearly not an act of courage. It was again a “cover-up” and just a reflection how the “system” worked in those days, how in a row people could get the top job in the White House whilst being corrupted beforehand. This was possible in the United States of America, this is still possible in the US and only few people know.
Both JFK and RFK did not get the chance to change the “currents” towards more justice within the political systems of the US, hence the significance of their deaths, including the corrupting powers which followed. Powers working closely together with the massive war machinery of the Pentagon at the background and CIA covert operations of immense proportions. People like Dick Cheney and Donald Rumsfeld appearing in various Bush Administrations. The Bush (Skull & Bones) and CIA links have been always very close. It may be questioned which oath was more important, the oath to Skull and Bones or the oath to the Constitution. George W Bush called the Constitution once a piece of paper only. What he inflicted or at the end was responsible for will be for decades top secret.
To come back to the original theme:
FBI Chief Hoover died in 1972 whilst President Nixon was in power. Gerald Ford took over the Vice Presidency from Spiro Agnew (who took bribes) in 1973, – one year after Hoover died in office. Hoover was fully aware of the Nixon dealings. Gerald Ford had no Presidential ambitions when he became US Vice President under Nixon, but with his CIA background and past relationships with Hoover, – any secrets would be secured if he had to take over from Nixon.
What happened at Dealey Plaza in Dallas on the 22nd of November 1963 was actually as follows:
An alleged change in the motorcade route was instructed at the last minute by LBJ and the CIA. When the Kennedy motorcade turned into Elmstreet, closing in on Dealey Plaza, CIA protection officers to protect the President’s car were called back. As far as video footage concerned one of them reacted utterly surprised but they had to follow orders. Kennedy’s car reduced speed and was not protected at all, – whilst LBJ’s car had full CIA protection. The famous Zapruder footage of which fragments were confiscated by the FBI, revealed years later that the President’s head and upper torso moved profoundly backwards after the last fatal shot, indicating that one bullet was fired from the front – right area, – Jackie Kennedy’s head turned just nearly in front of JFK’s face on impact of the fatal last bullet. She would have been killed if the bullet came from behind. After the first bullet the Presidential car reduced its anyway reduced speed further, allowing (?coincidence) the last bullet being to be fool proof. The exploding impact of this last bullet was of such nature that it opened almost completely the right upper site of JFK’s scalp, – leaving blood and brain material on the first (following) FBI police motor on the left hand site. Kennedy died on the spot after this last bullet and for him there was no further physical agony anymore. More than 3 shots were fired and at least 1 came from the back. Arriving at the Parkland Hospital, the President’s car was carefully and immediately cleaned by the FBI when the President was rushed into the emergency treatment room. Cleaning a crime scene by the FBI was most unusual for usual FBI protocol, but with Hoover in the background anything was possible. The autopsy report was falsified and the brains of the President appeared to be missing later on.
THE WARREN COMMISSION
The Warren Commission was established on the 29th of November 1963 by President LBJ and he selected a group of so-called “wise man” to investigate the assassination of JFK. The 808 page final report was presented on the 24th of September 1964 and was made public 3 days later. The conclusion was that Lee Harvey Oswald acted alone in the killing of Kennedy and wounding the Texas Governor John Connally, besides the fact that Jack Ruby acted alone in the murder of Oswald. (There are reports Nixon ordered his employee Jack Ruby to kill Oswald, but this is subject to further prove.)
The Warren Commission which has the nickname of “The Alan Dulles Commission” (because he controlled it) proved to be an utterly failure, – like many years later the “9/11 Commission” proved to be a failure. The 3 hardcore cover up participants of the Warren Commission were the 3 Council on Foreign Relation members: Alan Dulles (Former CIA Chief and fired by JFK), John McCloy ( “Chairman of the American establishment” – mixing at the highest levels of intelligence and business, besides being close to the Kennedy hating Texas business élite) and Gerald Ford (later US President). Gerald Ford was -as reflected earlier- secretly reporting the contents of the Warren Commission deliberations to Hoover and the FBI and Newsweek called -I repeat- Gerald Ford in 1970 “The CIA man in Congress”. Ford served later on under President Nixon as Vice-President and Nixon reportedly called “The Warren Commission” the biggest hoax in US history. I will repeat the last one later on in context.
The Warren Commission report is indeed an illustration of many inconsistencies, exclusions of evidence, changing stories or changes made to witness testimonies, oversights and errors. Some witnesses to either the events connected to the JFK assassination or to the assassination itself were intimidated or threatened. A suspicious large number of people connected with the investigations of the JFK assassination died. There was a pattern of deaths around the various government investigations, both during and after the Warren Commission sessions, – besides both around the times the New Orléans District Attorney Jim Garrison started his own investigation. The pattern continued whilst the Senate Intelligence Committee looked into the potential involvement of US Intelligence Agencies in the 1970ties and when the House Select Committee on assassinations was starting up its investigations later on. All those deaths for certain were desired by those not willing to be confronted to become the truth of the JFK assassination to become public, as it would shake up the entire Government and the image in the world.
Though quite a number of classified documents were released during the mid to late 1990ties, some significant records are not scheduled to be released until 2017. This was initially 2029 and not unlikely part of it will remain that way. A Government hiding those things for sure has to hide something.
Never ever lost the US a President who compromised himself with either clandestine CIA operations or CIA inflicted terror as long as the cover up systems were in place. In 1963 the US however lost a President who despite some personal flaws had the courage to decide a more independent direction from the 2 most powerful Agencies in the US, – for the benefit of the US and the world. He was entitled to do so based on fair his fair judgement on the operations of those Agencies in those days. Needless to say that if Nixon would have been President and not JFK during the Cuba crisis, the US would have most likely attacked Cuba and the world would have been lost within the fires of nuclear destruction.
POSSIBLE CONCLUSIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS:
-The last words have not been spoken about this but a few comments are justified, just to summarise a few issues:
1.>>The JFK assassination with all the cover up’s and elimination of witnesses etc, the dark operations of both CIA & FBI, the links with the mob at high levels, US Presidents being involved in an enduring cover up with LBJ reportedly even directly involved in the assassination preparation, – do show the fragility of the US as a democracy.
The systems of Government with the background powers of both the CIA and Pentagon have despite warnings from earlier Presidents never changed and still put the US potentially at risk, as illustrated e.g. during the last Bush Administration. Will touch base on the last later.
2.>>>As long as systems of US Government continue to have connections with furtive undercurrents, – real democracy in the US could be potentially in danger. Secret operations do not only take place outside the US, – but within the US as well.
3.>>>The independence of a US President can be taken away by both the impact of the CIA and the Pentagon. Full oversight is not always possible. All CIA and military activities of any kind need to be fully authorised by the US President, – being disclosed as well to Congress. Any activities not being disclosed to both President and Congress (the last perhaps with a delay of 3 months) need to be considered as a breach of law and/or Constitution. The same applies for the FBI.
4.>>>When a President should be impeached it is up to the House of Representatives and the Senate to decide as such. Under no circumstances in the US “a Coupe d’Etat” as happened in 1963 should be allowed, – neither by the CIA nor by any other Government Agency and/or related or unrelated.
5.>>>Members of secret societies may have or will have at some stage a profound conflict of interest if serving in any Government – or related body. Representatives of any Government institution or related body, should neither by law nor in the normal practice of duty have connections with either secret societies or the mafia and/or related crime organisations. If connections proven such people have to resign from office. The point is that an oath to secret societies seems to supersede the oath to the Constitution, – as e.g. reflected during the Bush Administration.
In case the President is maintaining such relationships, the normal rules for Congress and the House of Representatives are due to prepare impeachment procedures considering the nature and seriousness of the offense.
5.>>>In the “unforeseen case” a President would be assassinated, neither the course of justice nor the hearing of witnesses (without intimidation) should be compromised in any circumstances.
OF NOTE REGARDING THE JFK ASSASSINATION:
Also here the last words are not spoken.
1.>>>There has been a sinister cover up by various groups and highest ranking government officials to cover the truth re the JFK assassination in Dallas. Former CIA agent and Watergate figure E. Howard Hunt before his death in 2007 (in his autobiography) implicated LBJ in the JFK assassination. Hunt claimed that LBJ organised the assassination at the background with the help of the CIA, who has been angered by Kennedy’s actions as President. It has been claimed that Nixon thought that LBJ ordered the assassination, but again this is subject to evidence.
LBJ mistress (Madelyn Brown) did also implicate LBJ with the assassination of JFK. In 1997 she claimed that LBJ along with Hunt started to plan an assassination as early as 1960. Brown claimed that the conspiracy involved dozens of persons, including the leadership of the FBI. Both the Mafia and well known politicians have been involved, – with journalists being helpful in various ways. Similar suspicions have been echoed by a number of Johnson’s associates in the 2006 documentary “Evidence of revision.”
2.>>>Regarding the autopsy report Douglas Horn – the Assassination Record Review Board Chief analyst for military records – said that he was “90-95% certain” that the photographs in the National Archives are not of President Kennedy’s brains. Dr Gerry Aguilar together with Dr Cyril Wecht wrote in the 1999 “Consortium News”: According to Horn’s findings, the second brain – which showed an exit wound in the front – replaced Kennedy’s real brain – which revealed greater damage to the rear, consistent with an exit wound and thus evidence from a shot in the front.
3.>>>Emiritis Professor of history David Wrone (Wisconsin University – Stephen’s Point), after examining the Zapruder film in 2003, concluded that the shot(s) that killed JFK came from the the grassy knoll at Dealy Plaza. From 3 different angles, three shots were fired, non of them from the window of Lee Harvey Oswald at the Texas Book Depository.
The wooden fence atop the grassy knoll, and the Triple Underpass with the highway sign, which at the time of the assassination read “Fort Worth Turnpike Keep Right” in the Zapruder film. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)
RFK ASSASSINATION in 1968.
1.>>>RFK has been assassinated because the same people being in place responsible for the JFK assassination would not allow an RFK Presidency, with implications on discovery of the truth, a shake up within the CIA systems, withdrawal from Vietnam, and with a “no pardon” for LBJ, Hoover, Allan Dulles, Gerald Ford, the CIA and others. Not only this but his true sense of required social reforms were not accepted by those who wanted the status quo to be continued with Nixon.
CONCLUDING IN GENERAL:
Final conclusions are not possible as yet
1.>>>Potential dangerous US dynamics are still there and could strike again at any time in the future. As long as a US President stays within reason of the established frame work of both FBI, the CIA and the Pentagon he is on safe grounds, – however if he is braking with old traditions and existing connections – even if they are controversial or corrupt (depending on the dynamics and undercurrents), – then even a US President again would be at potential risk of being assassinated, even if there are no constitutional grounds for impeachment. The cover up’s of the Warren Commission with all the participants, including the joint dealings of both the FBI, CIA and the Mafia on the 22nd of November 1963, – were not only unconstitutional but they were high treason to the US, hence all efforts were put in place to wipe out all potential witness and destroy or tamper most of the crucial evidence. It proved that all involved high-ranking government officials and furtive undercurrents were stronger than the US Constitution (or those who were supposed to protect this) in their joint efforts to mislead the public in the aftermath of this horrendous crime.
2.>>>The complications of the CIA and Pentagon being a disproportionate power in the US has never been resolved, likewise the undercurrents being involved in various actions both at US homeland and abroad, – despite historical warnings from both Truman and Eisenhower.
Dallas 1963 proved that even for a popular and powerful US President, – neither personal safety nor Presidential protection rules will be secured if Government Agencies conspire (e.g. with the mob) to end a US President.
3.>>>In the more recent past there are still many unanswered questions as well about e.g. the 9/11 drama including the vertical collapse of Building 7 -(WTC7) , – which did show a controlled demolition with the destruction of lots of investigative CIA material. See nr 8 again for more detail as repeating certain facts may help to see the complexities.
The building was of a very sound structure and this particular collapse had nothing to do with the obvious bin Laden’s terrorist attack in Lower Manhattan. The attack was reportedly used to provoke a drama far worse to aid the US to retaliate both in Iraq and Afghanistan with public support.
4.>>>The CIA has been called on several occasions the military wing of the Council of Foreign Relations. It has however never been as such formally established, but it seems close to the practical reality if legislation is not being implemented to cut the powers of this organisation.
>>>The House Select Committee on Assassinations (HSCA) in 1976 on the assassinations of JFK, MLK and the shooting of Governor George Wallace, believed that the conspiracy was neither organized by organized crime nor by anti- Castro groups but could not rule out members of those groups working together. The HSCA conducted its work mostly in secret and much of the evidence (again) was sealed for 50 years under Congressional rules.
>>>In 1992 Congress created the Assassination Records Review Board with a last report on the 30th of September 1998, the day ARRB went out of existence. The ARRB was supposed perhaps to renew US citizens trust in their government, but the scope of the mission was limited. T. Jeremy Gunn was the Executive Director and General Counsel of the ARRB. The Board from its final 236 – page report concluded that still aggressive efforts were required to pursue more information and the general concern was that still “critical records may have been withheld” from its vigorous efforts to come closer to the truth. By law this Agency was required to close its doors.
The ARRB did not re-investigate the JFK assassination (as this was not the aim), however in its search for further records it did conduct many interviews revealing new links and insights into various government operations which many federal agencies would prefer to keep out of the public’s eyes.
The ARRB had deficiencies as well by e.g. not subpoena Thomas Evan Robinson. He was one of the JFK embalmers and handwritten notes of a May 26,1992 conversation with Certified Legal Investigator Joe West were found in Joe West’s Investigator’s Notebook following West’s death in 1993. The transcript of those notes do provide further evidence that the autopsy report of JFK was falsified, adding to the conclusion that the conspiracy in the cover up was very widespread. In 1997 the ARRB interviewed the government employee who developed JFK’s autopsy photographs after his murder and she disputed each picture from the set of autopsy photo’s in the National Archives.
The ARRB documents show the planned phase withdrawal of American Forces from Vietnam by President Kennedy and the fact that the plan was immediately reversed after his assassination.
Though the ARRB did do a thorough job, the report does not reflect any of the stunning revelations contained in various declassified files under their review. Copies of the release of the grand jury records and the prosecution files were only available for public inspection from 9 am to 5 pm on the 12th of June 1998 at the Public Reading Room at the ARRB, 600 E Street, NW,Second Floor Washington, DC.20530. Thereafter the records were transferred to the JFK Collection at the National Archives and Records Administration in College Park, Maryland.
Still the assassination on President J.F. Kennedy “officially” remained shrouded in both mystery and secrecy, compounded by series of Governments penchant for secrecy. Generally spoken government secrecy has been harmful for both the confidence and truthfulness of federal agencies. The ARRB needless to say was a firm step in the right direction, but there was still lack of access as agencies still considered release of further records too sensitive to open to the public.
Less than 50 years after the JFK assassination systems of government and/or agencies still prevent renewed investigations in the JFK assassination. It seems a step by step approach in which every decade perhaps more truth is allowed to be revealed, however not everything will be made public. Not even after 2017.
The powers behind the Executive Branch of the US Government are so powerful that it almost seems they are more powerful than the Presidency itself.
8.Within context it would seem that the US Military and Intelligence Apparatus could not allow the JFK presidency to be continued. Hence the dramatic intervention in Dallas on the 22nd of November 1963. This truth needed to continue to be concealed as it would compromise any trust in future US Governments and it’s Agencies.
Just before he died former US President Gerald Ford reflected in his memoirs that the CIA was involved in the JFK assassination, but he never went in detail on the extend of this involvement. This has been mentioned before but it is revealing
Former President Nixon on one of the “Watergate tapes” stated that the Warren Commission report was “the greatest hoax that has ever been perpetuated”. He did not went into detail why he questioned the report. Obviously not in the presence tape recordings.
Roger Stone, one of Nixon’s former aides, reflected in his recent book that Lyndon Johnson micro-managed Kennedy’s Dallas motorcade, insisting that it would pass through Dealy Plaza on the afternoon he was shot. This has been earlier reflected in a different context. Read more about this: https://www.google.com.au/#q=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.dailymail.co.uk%2Fnews%2Farticle-2322981%2FFormer-Nixon-aide-claims-evidence-Lyndon-B-Johnson-arranged-John-F-Kennedys-assassination-new-book.html
Hence full disclosure and new independent investigation in the JFK assassination is required to show the dangers which are a threat to the US as a democracy. Like the Zapruder Film again showed that the last fatal shot came from a total different direction than the Warren Commission claimed http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=E0tZFkVhN00
, – the official 9/11 Government Investigations again never explained the unexplained collapse of tower 7 (WTC7) http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Zv7BImVvEyk
WTC7 again did contain many case files for ongoing investigations. Some three to four thousand files were destroyed. WTC 7 housed many private tenants including e.g. the CIA, the SEC, the IRS, the EEOC and the US Secret Service.
This article once more is not about 9/11 but about the issue that the truth about major (and likely Government related) criminal events in US history are kept away from public knowledge, and this includes the JFK assassination. No country or Government serves itself by accepting major crimes from the past by misleading the public it needs to serve.
In 2013 there was the 50th anniversary of the JFK assassination and a whole nation came together to remember the far-reaching events in Dallas on the 22nd of November 1963.
President John F Kennedy once said:
“The very word “secrecy” is repugnant in a free and open society; and we are as a people inherently and historically opposed to secret societies, to secret oaths and to secret proceedings. We decided long ago that the dangers of excessive and unwarranted concealment of pertinent facts far outweighed the dangers which are cited to justify it. Even today, there is little value in opposing the threat of a closed society by imitating its arbitrary restrictions. Even today, there is little value in insuring the survival of our nation if our traditions do not survive with it. And there is very grave danger that an announced need for increased security will be seized upon by those anxious to expand its meaning to the very limits of official censorship and concealment. That I do not intend to permit to the extent that it is in my control. And no official of my Administration, whether his rank is high or low, civilian or military, should interpret my words here tonight as an excuse to censor the news, to stifle dissent, to cover up our mistakes or to withhold from the press and the public the facts they deserve to know.”
Abraham Lincoln once reflected: > “America will never be destroyed from the outside. If we falter and lose our freedoms, it will be because we destroyed ourselves”.
It was just 100 years later that JFK concluded: >”A nation that is afraid to let its people judge the truth and falsehoods in an open market is a nation afraid of its people.”<
“Love is the soul of genius”, – as one would say. Without heart no genius. The way the US Constitution has been applied in both the 9/11 drama and the JFK assassination showed neither love, nor genius, nor even “heart”. The “show” for those who did know and still do know more, has been going on until almost even 50 years after Dallas and still it does not seem to stop.
Some countries prefer to live with certain lies, even when it affects the application of the Constitution in major crimes from the relatively past. Even in the days when the future looks better under the Obama Administration.
However not dealing with the past has the risk of repetitive events in the future under different US Presidential Administrations.
Facing the facts with love for the historical US truth may enhance the Constitution and “The Union” rather than compromising it.
Whilst there are many things far more important and pressing in the present, the past should not be forgotten. Fifty years down the line people in the US may even know more, – however without the powers to change things for the better as that opportunity then has gone.
Courage not served is both courage and truth forgotten!
For those being interested in more material related to this particular article below can be found some supportive material, – including “video” details etc ->>>>>>>>>>>>
(LBJ involvement in JFK assassination)
(Nixox joking about LBJ involvement, however was Nixon involved as well?)
(Watergate could open “Bay of Pigs” and Kennedy assassination)
Reasons behind Watergate
Gerald Ford: “The National nightmare is over…”
Gerald Ford admits CIA involvement in the JFK assassination before his death.
Baker on Bush Senior & JFK assassination
LBJ Coup against JFK, Military Industrial Complex Profits from war in Vietnam
George H.W.Bush connected to JFK assassination
(E. Howard Hunt implicating LBJ, various editions about Howard Hunt)
(CIA, NWO involvement in the JFK assassination)
(Secret Service Stand down, – as clear as it !)
(CIA, Military involvement assassination)
( Courageous ex- FBI members re the killer James Files, who fired the fatal head wound)
(James Files speaks and admits many years later, – he received his orders)
(Howard Hunt’s confession about his involvement in the JFK assassination. Hunt was involved in Watergate as well)
(Edward Lansdale, Military & CIA involvement in the JFK assassination)
(Double Cross Giancana and the Kennedy’s, the Mafia connection)
(LBJ’s Mistress blows the whistle about Johnson’s knowledge about the JFK assassination before it happened)
(Ted Sorensen: JFK was “implored” to go to Texas)
JFK deathbed confession – Jesse Ventura
“Every man must decide whether he will walk in the light of creative altruism or in the darkness of destructive selfishness.”
“Only those who dare to fail greatly can ever achieve greatly.”
“We need to find the courage to say NO to the things and people that are not serving us if we want to rediscover ourselves and live our lives with authenticity.”
—Barbara de Angelis
SOME PEOPLE ASKED me in which way they could serve in the best possible way, – and I smiled because they asked me.
For those who don’t know, I serve my patients from a comfortable position being paid as a Family Physician in Australia. However I love what I do and look with gratitude on the things I received and still receive, – knowing that in all of this I am dependent on the work many people did before I was born, and during the time of my life until the present.
The best answer on the question as how to serve in the best possible ways can be given by those who serve or served best.
Those who went out in any kind of wilderness, – lacking money and recourses and build up their heartfelt dreams.
There are different ways of serving.
I have neither vivid memory on my school friend who died to early at the age of 6 as due to childhood cancer, nor do I remember his face, – but he “served” me in the way he died with a peace you don’t often see.
Besides this he left me with one of Bach‘s most beautiful organ plays, played by Albert Schweitzer. This left me at an early place in life with a memory on something different from life itself. I am still grateful that this old school friend passed my way, not because of what he was, – but of what he was able to “plant” without knowing it.
Sometimes, many years later, we do realise. In a way this is a secret of a kind we need to cherish, not by speaking about it when we do realise, but by allowing it to grow. So are human encounters at times of a nature we better not speak about, but our “awareness” is enough on its own and as such we respect life as it is without touching it. On other occasions we do good to show our gratitude at least ten times more than we tend to do.
There are 100 billionaires all over the world who could wipe out hunger with little more contribution. The difference between rich and poor is getting bigger and bigger. Some of them indeed do contribute but they are not the people who work in the front line against poverty, against war and against various abuses of human rights. If people ask me as how to serve, I tend to say to look at those people who do and find the answer in your own heart.
We are limited perhaps in our potential as due to nature and living conditions but there is neither limit nor ceiling to our potential to love and work our imagination the desired direction in our own circumstances.
It is as Albert Schweitzer once wrote about his work in Lambarena less then 100 years ago, – that anybody can create his or her’s own Lambarena. An affirmation only to illustrate that everyone can create his or her’s domain of care, and serve as such. Those who care do serve and the options are endless. Many examples are not seen by the world or valued for what they are.
Child soldiers who lost their innocence at an age far too young. Many of them did do terrible things but some of them reacted amazingly well by saving lives. People who fight the cruelty in central Africa, – within the domain of strong discomfort but perhaps with peace at heart. People who reach out without fame or name, saving friends and family amidst war.
Fire- fighters entering houses with people, children, at risk to be burned, and they do this at risk for their own life. People providing aid in Syria now. Fathers and mothers protecting their children in the Congo, without caring for themselves anymore. People providing polio vaccinations in Pakistan despite Taliban death threats. Journalists working at the forefront of all those things to bring the news, at risk of their own life.
Human encounters are essential before being able to serve as the memory of some people may enlarge what we are able to do.
And in our memory those people deserve honour.
The question as how to serve best is an interesting question, but much depends on the situation where you are and on both your desires and imagination, besides the level of love you feel for those desires.
Sometimes people may be put in a situation where they have no other choice than to serve as staying on the side line would be betrayal of one’s own conscience. Sometimes people go out and meet those situations by
Again it’s hard to say.
One thing is sure, we can’t wait for the moment everything and everything is ready because in such case we are not likely to begin to serve or reach out.
The other thing is true as well, – true that if we want to work on a dream, to build a ship, – that it is no point to drum up the people to collect the wood and other material. That there is no point to give them tasks of the work due to be done. Working this way is an error of judgement, as the starting point is to help people see what you see, and teach them the ways to get the dream into a reality, – to help them to buy into the endeavour themselves, and then it’s time to collect the wood and all the other things.
Faith is to believe the things you don’t see, rewarded at times by seeing the things you believe. Time might seem to be a limiting factor but not where it comes to the frequency of love. Love is the prime substance of both our life and nature, the prime substance of both earth and heaven. Without this love there would be neither cosmos nor sun, neither earth nor life.
“For everything there is a time and place”, – so to say.
The other thing being true is that you don’t travel as you think, but you think as you travel. Neither is it true that as you attract you do love, – but as you love you do attract. True love and real care are indispensable and we don’t always touch what is beautiful, neither do we lose the opportunity to see anything which is beautiful, – whether it is a fair face or a plant, a fair sky or a dark cloud. We absorb the seeds in our own soul and this gives life, – and may give direction as where to go, as alert we need to be. One spark of fire may light ourselves and from that fire we may light the world. None of us is too small to serve and freedom can be gained by giving more of ourselves.
Real love may reach the frequency of “the universe”, the last which may transform us as a transitional “human-being”, – through the awesome grace of God.
“Never be bullied into silence. Never allow yourself to be made a victim. Accept no one’s definition of your life; define yourself.” — Robert Frost
“We must be willing to let go of the life we planned in order to have the life that is waiting for us.” — Joseph Campbell
“You see things; and you say ‘Why?’ But I dream things that never were; and I say ‘Why not?’” —George Bernard Shaw
Being asked at some stage why this blog had the pretentious title; “We dream about things that never were and say: why not?”, – I refer back to one of the plays of George Bernard Shaw (1856-1950) “Back to Methuselah“, which actually is a series of five plays on its own.
In “Back to Methuselah” the above quote is used by The Serpent to Eve in the Garden of Eden. The play was performed for the first time in New York City at the Garrick Theatre in 1922 and entailed for the time a most interesting science fiction fantasy which took three nights to do.
The former US Senator and assassinated Presidential Candidate Robert F Kennedy (1968) borrowed this quote and said it differently: “Some people see things as they are and say why? I dream things that never were and say, why not?”
Kennedy and Martin Luther King were the people at the forefront for change in the United States during the Vietnam War. Martin Luther King was assassinated just a couple of months before Robert Kennedy was killed.
The movement for change came to a standstill, the Vietnam War escalated, – social issues to be developed in the US were put on hold. The last until the movement for change embodied in President Barack Obama evolved into a new episode in US history, at a time crucial for various developments in the world.
If the further movement for change on issues of human rights, on Peace and International Stability requires to get stronger, and if the quote in above fiction play (from Bernard Shaw) is being allowed to embody a stronger emphasis, then the “I” part in the quote needs to be changed in the “We” part.
We are all strongly interdependent and if the “dream” in whatever entity resonates as a ripple effect across the generations, like the waves are coming and going but (!) always coming in terms of new energy, “We” may create a movement eventually which breaks the obstacles for Peace and stability, the obstacles to reduce poverty and keep the ingredients to protect this small planet against climate changes and other disruptions of various nature.
We dream of things that never were and say: “Why not?”, reflects a shift in perception so to say. A shift in thinking where new and better options are explored, new ways discovered. Where the creativity from the right part of the brain takes over the reactive activity from the left side of the brain, the last where those activities are not balanced in the actions of people. Actions which are not right and call for change. Actions which require passion and creative thought for peace and development.
Where conscious activities take over the activities from the mind, as it is not the mind which dictates the outcome of the future, the first determines then the outcome of our common activities.
Obviously we can do this as people in breaking with the past where this is required and at times we do this by choice, – using this gift we all have.
At the end it is not “I” it is “We”!
There is no pretentious aim in the title of this blog, – as it is not about “me”, it is about “We” as a people, “We” as people, “We” embodied in the future with plenty of issues to be resolved. “We” who bear both the seeds of potential and defeat.
Defeat we had, potential we need.
Far too often we see the scary demeanour of empty confidence and coolness in this world.
People who both often speak too noisy with overbearing pride. People often who build their lives at a cost of others, –the last not rarely with intolerance and suppression. We see this in families, our communities, in organisations where people are still able to manage from inflated principles, – and finally we see this in our country and many countries around us.
Often in “the culture” as well of our political systems, – whether they are democratic or the opposite.
The more suppression there is the more violence it may create, with violence creating retaliation and retaliation creating more violence, – whether this is the violence in our demeanour or the violence of a society.
Again and too often we see the sickness of not rarely whole societies, – with true respect for those who turn against it. And too often as well again we see the sickness of the souls of those people with the kind of sickness we are neither able to remove nor to heal.
What we can remove however is the hidden sickness of our own souls and shine as brightly as we can, – knowing that we don’t live in a perfect world. But the last thing which remains by free choice is trying to take away some part of the misery of humanity and this world, when it comes our way drop by drop and piece by piece, – either by coincidence or by choice.
In the final analysis as human beings, – we have the last choice. And again this is not about “Me or I”, but it is about “We”, – where the sum of our individual activities do help to call the trumpet of our collective activities. The last in alignment with a massive human orchestra, directed perhaps by those conductors representing global efforts in favour of increasing international coöperation on the issues of our time.
This part is not seeing things and standing by only, – and wondering “why?”. This is part of the active process of “Dreaming things that never were and say: Why not?” A creative and proactive activity, an ongoing movement for change where only “we” as a people can make this change.
In the broader sense of the word it is a team effort of gigantic proportions, which does not fail when one of the leaders would be assassinated, but where the group activity would make sure that the anti-movement would be eliminated by the proper law enforcement which would be the fruit of our collective endeavours, – and the movement would endure, regardless death, which surrounds us day by day.
Whilst the reality of this world may make many of us pessimistic, – the power of being hopeful and believing in the potential goodness of human nature and going beyond the realities of ignorance and violence, – provides us with the seeds to “Dream things which never were and say: “Why not?”
So let us go forth therefore unto keeping the human spirit alive, against all odds.
Let us go forth into the field where we are able to touch the lives of others who walk in “the dark”, whether they are rich or poor, – whether they represent countries in regression or under repression. As both in our communities we are able to offer the peace which helps people to move forward and inevitably among countries as well, – we are able to support those who need guidance. Not the support of weapons, which only give destruction and not the provision of hope, – but the support to inhabit this planet within the range of our human destiny where forces against its survival can be controlled by the rational end of the human spirit.
The last to be shared with the vigilant efforts within our families, communities and finally between countries, – where law enforcement on peace, human rights and the protection of our environment is not impossible.
Not even impossible in times where annihilation still is possible, – when people can’t do without this enforcement on peaceful efforts to settle disputes of any kind.
Therefore we need to continue to dream things that never were and continue to say, – as acting we must: “Why not?” Each time and in each generation those efforts need to be renewed. Each time and in each generation new identities need to be evolved to combat the danger of evil spirits and evil movements, – whether it is organised crime or human trafficking, whether it applies to countries who foo the world or people who represent terrorist activities.
Where non-violence needs to be the universal aim, – violence can’t be always prevented as ready we need to be to combat the risks of greater destructions.
Never ever we will live in a perfect world. Never ever will there be an enduring peace as there is always the risk of conflict. But “We” as a people need to dream things to create the antidote for the evils of humanity, – which is an active process starting at the base of our own conscience in all our day to day activities where we have to make choices, where we have to make choices to make things better or bitter.
Therefore we have to dream things which never were and say” Why not?” Not because the people have to do it for us, but we have to do it for the people, for those who deserve our care and compassion.
Again lastly (I touched base on this before), the last responsibility we have as people is to remove the hidden sickness of our own souls. Either the sickness from the past or the present, which manifest itself in small and often unnoticed deeds. It’s a process of personal growth which means we need to leave certain things behind us and replace this by better things today and shine as such as brightly as we can.
After sustaining and surviving the most horrible experiments in 2nd WW concentration camps, – it is as Victor Frankl once said about choice.
Indeed, at the end we have a free choice.
They can take away everything from us, and even at the last moment we have the final choice as how to respond or not respond at all anymore.
So neither death nor life needs to face us in the things we don’t understand, as long we play our own part on this little planet.
At the end nothing is terminal, everything is transitional, – even where death separates us from our duties here on earth.
But the duties continue in hopefully endless generations to come, each with its specific problems where man made problems need to be resolved.
And finally therefore the “We” part in saying we dream things that never were and say “Why not?” is so important, because the power of our collective dreams for a better world in action creates a ripple effect which can’t be stopped, – neither today nor tomorrow!
This concept can be developed into a smart and highly effective technology using the human spirit in all it’s positive and creative dimensions for those who suffer an enduring and violent injustice against the basics of human rights. It requires a sound knowledge of the nature and dynamics of the oppressing regime, answering the question as well in which areas they are both strong and weak. Modern communication technology will aid such movement of positive change.
Leadership lessons (Edward M. Kennedy)
His life was marked by tragedy and somehow recklessness perhaps in his early years, but change within himself later in life made him become one of the greatest Senators in US history. He went through personal lessons of resilience and agonising redemption, realising that he had to face his own shortcomings., – which he did.
We have to make sometimes very personal choices in life and whatever triggered his change, he started to reshape his life in his late 50’s making him from the age of 59 until his death a most fascinating leader – showing that leadership starts with self-control and responsible decisions. However not only this. If we are fortunate enough in life to find someone who loves us for what we are, we may be able to multiply affection and love by giving of what we once received.
Good leaders are just human beings as well, the last at times forgotten by the public and media.
The assassination of his 2 older brothers contributed to his first years of struggle and (hidden) heartbreak, – “Teddy” now representing his “legendary” family following events in 1968. However he really found a new voice whilst standing up for those not too well off in American society, showing to be a key figure amidst liberal principles.
Edward Moore Kennedy (February 22, 1932 – August 25, 2009) was the Democratic US Senator for Massachusetts, serving almost 47 years. He was the second most senior US Senator when he died and the third or fourth longest-serving member of this college, being perhaps one of the most positive and powerful legislator’s in American history.
He was the last surviving son of Joseph Patrick Kennedy, Sr; the youngest brother of President John F. Kennedy and Senator Robert F. Kennedy (both assassinated in public service) and Joseph P. Kennedy, Jr., the last being killed in action in World War II; and the father of Congressman Patrick J. Kennedy. After the assassination of his brother John an Robert he was for many years the most important living member of the Kennedy family.
Kennedy’s New York Times obituary described him: “He was a Rabelaisian figure in the Senate and in life, instantly recognizable by his shock of white hair, his florid, oversize face, his booming Boston brogue, his powerful but pained stride. He was a celebrity, sometimes a self-parody, a hearty friend, an implacable foe, a man of large faith and large flaws, a melancholy character who persevered, drank deeply and sang loudly. He was a Kennedy.”
Following his failed presidential bid, Kennedy became one of the most influential members of the Democratic Party, and was later in the 1990’s called a “Democratic icon”as well as “The Lion of the Senate“. Kennedy and his Senate staff wrote more than 2000 bills and more than 300 were enacted into law. Kennedy supported another 550 bills becoming law after 1973. Kennedy was most effective in dealing with Republican senators and administrations, sometimes even at the irritation of some Democrats. During the G.W. Bush administration, almost every bipartisan bill being signed had significant involvement from Kennedy. A late 2000s survey of Republican senators ranked Kennedy first among Democrats in bipartisanship, which should be an example for the Republicans (in 2011). Kennedy was committed to the principle “never let the perfect be the enemy of the good,” and would agree to pass legislation he viewed as incomplete or imperfect with the goal of improving it down the road. Somehow different we see this with President Barack Obama as well. As long as it works for the better progress, often a good compromise is required. In April 2006, Kennedy was selected by Time as one of “America’s 10 Best Senators”; the magazine discussed that he had “amassed a titanic record of legislation affecting the lives of almost every man, woman and child in the country” and that “by the late 1990s, the liberal icon had become such a prodigious cross-aisle dealer that Republican leaders began pressuring party colleagues not to sponsor bills with him”.Even the Republican presidential nominee John McCain said in May 2008: …”[Kennedy] is a legendary lawmaker and I have the highest respect for him. When we have worked together, he has been a skillful, fair and generous partner.” At the time of Kennedy’s death, sociologist and Nation board member Norman Birnbaum wrote that Kennedy had come to be viewed as the “voice” and “conscience” of progressive America ( American progressivism). He worked on major issues of our time including civil rights, healthcare, the war in Vietnam, Watergate, and the quest for peace in Northern Ireland.
Kennedy’s passion was at times most powerful and contagious. Besides this he was able to disagree on issues without making it personal. He was therefore greatly admired across the political spectrum.
What can we learn from him in terms of leadership, – without subdividing the issues too much?
1. “Stick- to – itiveness” and give it the very best performance.
Whilst his performance at the start of his political career was a learning curve and subject for improvement he won his Senate seat for the first time during the Presidency of his brother, Jack Kennedy. He was perhaps in a fortunate position but for certain was he not “a celebrity Senator”. He proved this after each re-election, especially when he began performing for his constituents and collaborating with his colleagues.
He had an unwavering tenacity and perseverance which did include in a steady pace mastering the details, studying and learning amidst changing issues.Kennedy rolled up his sleeves and earned his place, even through rough and threatening times. He continued planning , timing and cultivating a degree of patience. The reward for his “stick-to-itiveness” was that he knew he stayed the course by following “True Compass”
When Mitt Romney challenged Kennedy for his Senate seat in 1994, the crucial moment of their debate — which probably made Kennedy win the re-election — involved Kennedy pressing Romney for the specifics on his health care plan, with Romney forced to admit that he hadn’t worked out all the details. “Well that’s what you have to do with legislation,” the Senator replied. Kennedy knew the job. His career rewards followed from his service and perseverance to master the details to be required for progressive change.
Ted Kennedy faced various public crises which could have destroyed him, yet he proved to be resilient and able to learn. He restored confidence in his leadership. The still-mysterious incident at Chappaquiddick where a young woman drowned nearly ended his career. Whilst showing at that particular time no courage and ducking accountability he bounced back by redoubling his efforts to do his job well. Even fumbling during an important interview during his bid for the Democratic Presidential nomination in 1980, he recovered by applying more energy and passion to his work in the Senate. He was not perfect but he learned from his mistakes and became a better human being, persistent and committed as he was. Besides this he never claimed victory for himself but was generously able to share credit
2.Find a purpose recognised by yourself as a very strong one.
Kennedy reached a stage of mind to feel that his live belonged to the community and his newly found values did suspend part of his ego. He rejoiced in burning up for the values he stood for before handing the responsibility for his course to the next generation. Ted Kennedy believed in public service as the best profession and in government to help all citizens getting their chance for a better quality of life. Once he found his voice and his core mission after overcoming some misery from the past his position and “Compass” were clear and often he spoke for the people who could not speak for themselves. The goals were so important that he was willing to work with political opponents in the Senate to reach agreement on measures that served the people.He supported President Bush’s “No Child Left Behind legislation” for school reform. The cause of children less privileged was that important to him that he rather would compromise and get a bit done whilst the alternative was no action at all. He took action by calling on higher principles which did resonate with principle centred members of the other party. He proved that his ability to compromise for a better outcome was a strength rather a weakness, the last based on ongoing efforts to build strong relations across the political spectrum. With at times an emotional appeal for what he thought to be right he was able to get the more intellectual minded on board from the other party. His emotional bank account on the Senate floor had a large surplus, he was well liked and well trusted on his views.
3.Never forget family & friends.
The hard-working Ted Kennedy was at heart a family man. After the assassination of his brothers he was the stronghold and the father for many amidst the larger Kennedy family, keeping people together, encouraging close to lost children, playing touch-football at the family compound in Hyannis Port and arranging family outings to historic sites,- apart from sailing away from the pier in Hyannis Port through the waters of Nantucket at the Cape. In spirit his late brother President John F Kennedy and Robert F Kennedy were always close to him and the love for his extended family guided him through tough times in his life. He was a role model for some of the Kennedy children and helped them with their own belief system and the power of the words: “I can” and “I will”.
He did neither always agree with family nor friends but he was able to agree to disagree without losing his affection or staying amicable. Whilst being able to continue to be friendly and loving he was able to work together with a range of people, based on trust. He understood the power of being considerate and friendly.
Did Ted Kennedy add value to life? Yes he did! He stood for the people who had no voice, trying through legislation to improve the living conditions of fellow citizens for many in his country. He made no major paradigm shift as eg Gandhi did with the perception of “non violence ” (under all circumstances). However Teddy Kennedy tried to mobilise the available recourses in the US Senate to help change at various levels. He stood by his principles but was prepared to listen and seek compromise for the better. He was a trustworthy icon in the US Senate working with an excellent team supporting him to work the required changes for the better. He was not free of mistakes and made a few but made good on them by getting a better person and sticking to his compass, which always directed him back to the original course of action. He had a mission, imagination and was both persistent and committed to give it the best performance, – at some stage not for his ego anymore but for the benefit of others. He did own up to his mistakes and learnt from them with a faith to allow eventually the higher power in himself taking over.
With his belief system Involving the will of giving and with his own trials and errors in life, he showed us: “Together we can, together we will!”
And that’s enough, – good enough!
The 37th US President
“I am not a crook” – R.M Nixon: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=sh163n1lJ4M&feature=player_detailpage
RICHARD NIXON’s VIOLATIONS OF
Richard Milhouse Nixon (1913-1994 was born in Yorba Linda (California) in a lower middle class quaker family of an Irish background. After his degree at Duke University he worked for 5 years as a lawyer and served in the US Navy from 1942 until 1946.
He became a Republican member of US Congress in California by 1946. Whilst campaigning he pictured his democratic opponent as communist sympathiser. His tactical abilities allowed him to make a quick rise in political circles and he was an important member of the House Committee on “Un American Activities” whilst worker on the Elgar Hiss case. In his early Congressional years he was assisted by various people, including Jack Ruby ( as far as Department of Justice memo)
He became Vice – President under Dwight D Eisenhower when Eisenhower did win the elections in 1952. As Vice President he was known for his outspoken exchanges with Nikita Khrushchev during a visit to Moscow in 1959. He lost the presidential elections very narrowly from John Fitzgerald Kennedy in 1960. He lost then in 1962 the elections in California for the Governor position of this State.
Thereafter he became a succesful Wall Street lawyer. About 1967 he decided for an extensive tour around the world, visiting both Europe, the Middle East, Vietnam, Africa and Latin America. Whist reportedly undecided to run for the Presidential elections in 1968 he published an article called “Asia After Viet Nam” in the “Foreign Affairs Journal” reflecting on his policy of removing American combat troops from Vietnam. In this article he projected his potential Administration opening a way to China as well. Once decided to run for the Presidency in 1968, he mentioned in the 1968 campaign that he had a secret plan for a complete withdrawal from Vietnam. He returned to win the Presidential elections in 1968 with only a small margin benefitting in retrospect strongly from the assassination of his potential Democratic opponent Robert F Kennedy in June 1968. The unrest on top of this at the Democratic Convention in Chicago with police forces crushing anti Vietnam war protestors created on national TV a picture of unrest in the US and Nixon promised to change this situation. The US in 1968 was a country with strong divisions with strong opposition against the war in Vietnam and by far the majority of US citizens wanted to stop this war. Martin Luther King, jr was assassinated on the 4th of April 1968. He was a prominent leader in the African-American Civil Rights movement and representing as well a growing opposition against the war in Vietnam. The New York Senator Robert Kennedy has been for months agonising on the question whether he should oppose both President Johnson and the war, but the growing and escalating violence decided him to run eventually for the Presidency at a relatively late stage, – however gaining increasing support from both the movement of social justice and those who were against the war. A large number of African Americans trusted him as because he seemed genuinely compassionate about the still existing social injustice in the US. There were however powerful groups in the US who did not want a second Kennedy in the White House and both the assassination on MLK and RFK caused the anti-war movement losing its strongest leaders. This needs to be discussed in some detail as it will show some of the forceful background dynamics pushing all in the same direction. Within this context the main obstacles for Richard Nixon’s election were resolved as the strength of the movement against both the war and for more social justice was reduced within a climate of unrest, which was obvious after 2 vital assassinations in a row and the war in Vietnam still going on. Many years later Coretta Scot King (MLK’s wife) did win a wrongful death civil trial against Loyd Jowers and other unknown co-conspirators in 1999. Jowers received $100000,- to arrange the assassination on MLK and the Jury was convinced that Government Agencies were parties to the assassination plot. It would seem that the LBJ government was involved at setting the stage of this assassination, using James Earl Ray as a scapegoat, as publicly on TV confirmed by Jowers on ABC’ Prime Time Life. Jowers stated that both the mafia and the US Government were involved in the MLK assassination. Reportedly Memphis police officer Lieutenant Earl Clark fired the fatal shots. The conspiracy did include J Edgar Hoover, Richard helms, the CIA, the Memphis Police Department(MPD), Army intelligence and organised crime. A very key person within the civil right movement was on the government payroll, responsible for infiltration and sabotage. Readers may wonder about the evidence of this revelation but this evidence was uncovered and put before a Jury in Memphis,TN, in November 1999. Seventy witnesses testified under oath with 4000 pages of evidence, much of it was it new. The news of one of the most national security trials was suppressed, as tends to happen in the US at times. It was clear that the 1997 reports of the House Select Committee on Assassinations re James Earl Ray justified verdict were wrong: he was not the one who murdered MLK!
All parties involved did not take any chance. It was agreed that MLK would not leave Memphis alive and at the time of his assassination he was under complete surveillance with various guns loaded in his direction if the attempt from one party would fail. Like the JFK assassination, but different, it was an ambush. MLK was not only a Civil Rights activist, he was even far more than a voice against the war in Vietnam, hence authorities decided to take him out of the picture. Regarding the RFK assassination there is no doubt that Sirhan Bishara Sirhan fired a gun but it did not cause the death of RFK. Multiple shooters were in the small area were RFK’ assassination took place. At least 9 shots have been fired at the end of the night Kennedy did win the primaries in Los Angeles at the Ambassador Hotel. The LAPD destroyed key physical and photographic evidence and eyewitness testimony. LA County Coroner and Chief Medical Examiner Dr Thomas T Noguchi prepared the autopsy report on RFK where the headshot damage not only reflected a pathologic impossibility, but it ruled out as well Sirhan’s gun as the offending weapon in RFK’s death. Sirhan is still in jail, being convicted of first degree murder.
Video images identified 3 former CIA agents were very close to RFK at the time of his assassination (Morales,Joannides and Campbell). David Morales was the Chief Operations at JM-Wave, training Cuban exiles in 1963 in covert actions against Fidel Castro. Morales and Campbell have talked with each other in the in the hotel lobby prior to the assassination (witness report David Rabern). Campbell has been reportedly in and around various police stations in the 2 months before the RFK assassination. Joannides has been the Chief of Psychological Warfare Operations at JM -Wave. He had retired from his CIA position but returned back to active duty in 1978 as the liaison between the House Select Committee on Assassinations (HSCA). Not sure who nominated him in this position but obviously Joannides failed to tell the HSCA that he ever worked at JM-Wave, as such maintain his covert identity and compromising the entire Congressional investigations. It was Joannides obstructing the HSCA to get access to vital information (crucial documents) about the JFK assassination during the re-investigations on the assassinations of JFK and MLK. The lead investigator of the HSCA Gaeton Fonzi concluded that Morales was directly involved in the JFK assassination as due to revenge of the Bay of Pigs.
Before we start on former US President Richard Nixon note that Richard Nixon and George Herbert Bush (the later US Vice-President and US President) have been integral to the Bay of Pigs operations. As Vice-President, Nixon worked under President Eisenhower, together with Allen Dulles from the CIA and other senior CIA staff on the strategic planning of the Bay of Pigs. The bestselling book “Plausible Denial” by Mark Lane in 1991 reflects on both CIA involvement in JFK’s death. The later President Bush was at the time of the Pay of Pigs a CIA operative and the FBI confirmed in documents being released many years later that Bush sr was involved in the CIA briefing the day after the JFK assassination.The role of FBI Chief Hoover in the JFK assassination is most controversial as well. Gerald Ford as member of the Warren Commission leaked all confidential information to FBI Chief Hoover. Without claiming to be correct in all details the general picture of key CIA people being involved in both the JFK and RFK assassination with Bay of Pigs links, Richard Nixon a close friend of Hoover with Bay of Pigs links, Herbert Hoover a profound RFK hater, major CIA background powers in favour of the Vietnam war etc etc give the background why RFK was killed in 1968 and how Hoover’s extra police actions in Chicago after 2 vital assassinations in a row did prepare the road for Nixon to get elected. Nothing is foolproof in life and in theory Hubert Humphrey could have won the 1968 elections but he was too closely associated with Lyndon Johnson who was most unpopular. Besides this LBJ warned Hubert Humphrey that if he would publicly oppose the Administration’s Vietnam war policy he personally would destroy Humphrey’s chances to get the Democratic nomination. Not much luck for Humphrey with such a boss and such mighty coöperation with FBI Chief Hoover. It was in both LBJ’s interest and Hoovers interest that all government secrets would stay secret and from this point of view with LBJ’s background knowledge about Nixon and Gerald Ford -(fully shared with FBI Chief Hoover)- ,..Richard Nixon would be the best choice to remain the status quo on secrecy and the war in Vietnam as being supported by the CIA. With both MLK and RFK out of the way the strong anti Vietnam war movement was at least for some part broken as part of a Government conspiracy similar as happened in 1963 with JFK. Most of the same key players were still in power.
With opposing LBJ about the war in Vietnam and running for the Presidency in 1968 Robert F Kennedy did sign his own death sentence, like MLK did when he spoke out against the war in Vietnam with so much people following him, like JFK did when he opposed the CIA and the Pentagon Generals when he despised their advise at times and decided to withdraw from Vietnam. No one can oppose the real background powers in the US, not even President Obama. This is America ladies and gentlemen, this was America and in a way it still is America. In the 1960ties there have been criminals in US Government systems neither allowing justice nor allowing peace in Vietnam at a stage this was desired. They robbed the Nation of people who perhaps not being perfect tried to do what was good in a particular time in history and the tool of the government was simply assassination and make the way free for people who would serve the needs for the American military establishment in the White house, rather than the need of the voters, – the parents who had to let their children go to Vietnam and had to receive the medals of honour when they died courageously in pointless war dictated by a corrupted government policy guided by the war heads of the Pentagon from which both Eisenhower and Truman said that their powers were far out of proportion. The US seemed to be a Republic with a Democratic image, but the real government was not a government from the people and for the people. It did not serve the people. It played the media. And when opposing powers were too strong, when the forces towards more justice developed with fierce and without fear, it became overruled and crushed by both the police and the military. Such things do happen in countries who at least are honest enough not to claim they are a democracy. The many dirty wars of the US are not a reflection of real democracies based on the values of those who prepared the US Constitution. It is this Constitution which needs to be protected to get a better Union. Not a Union only being able to survive with assassinations of those who give to the moral values and justice within this Union.
Obviously Nixon did promise the public a secret way out of Vietnam, whilst in secret preparing for the opposite if he was elected. By adding to the general feel of unrest in Chicago FBI Chief Hoover added in a strategic way to the chances of victory for Richard Nixon.
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Pf22x5r16Zo&feature=player_detailpage (The Pentagon Papers: A Primer for Top Secrets…..)
Once President Nixon nominated his campaign Director Bob Haldeman White House Chief of Staff, foreign policy decisions were made in close coöperation with Henry Kissinger. interestingly Secretary of State William Rogers was by far not always prior aware about some of the Administrations enterprises. Speechwriter for Richard Nixon Ray Price reflected on “the light side” and “the dark side” of Richard Nixon. He was however reelected in 1972 with a large majority. His Administration from 1974 sustained remarkable controversy over the Vietnam war. The invasion in 1970 of Cambodia and his approval of heavy bombardments on North Vietnam took his toll in the public opinion and he signed in 1973 a cease-fire.
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=FhtsSu9hgxI&feature=player_detailpage (Evidence of Revision: Part 4 -1 of 11)
A strategic arms limitation treaty with the Soviet Union was signed during his Administration and he was the first President to reopen US relations with China in 1972. The Watergate burglary as will be detailed later brought his Presidency totally down. Being the first US President to resign from office he avoided as such impeachment. The new President Gerald Ford gave him a full pardon in in 1974.
It would seem Nixon’s staff frequently conspired to keep the “darker side” of Nixon – as Ray Price reflected on – in check and obviously Nixon himself was involved in this. As it proved however, Nixon participated in some conspiracies with high level support outside the White House.
On the 3rd of November 1969 Nixon declared that his Administration would not give in to the demands of anti-war demonstrators, sympathising with “The great silent majority of Americans” to back him up in his efforts for a “just and lasting peace”. Nixon knew how to play the game of politics by doing what “the doves wanted” but meanwhile seeking ready coöperation with both the CIA and the Pentagon. In April 1970 Nixon ordered extra American troops into Cambodia. During a nation-wide student protest 4 students were killed by the National Guard at Ohio Kent State University. Nixon backed down a bit at the 1970 midterm elections preparing as well against the balanced and dignified Democratic senator Edmund Muskie from Maine, who wanted to run for the 1972 elections. Nixon’s state visit to China did raise his popularity. He signed 3 months later as well a treaty with the Soviet Union restricting from both sides establishing anti ballistic missile systems apart from limiting offensive missile launchers. Meanwhile however Nixon had responded already in the second part of 1971 to the publication of the Johnson Administration’s classified “Pentagon Papers”. This publication was unauthorised and provided an insight in the origins of the Vietnam war. Nixon assigned a group to prevent leaks of classified information and harassed perceived enemies of his Administration. FBI Chief Hoover proved to be very helpful with this. Some weeks after Nixon returned from the Soviet Union, four men were arrested at the Watergate complex as due to burglary into the headquarters of the Democratic National Committee. After his reelection in 1972 the Watergate burglars were convicted and several of them implicated Nixon’s closest associates. It proved that the Watergate-break-in was only one of the several acts of both sabotage and political espionage carried out by the Nixon Administration. Nixon tried to keep away secret tapes from hearings by the “principal of separation of powers”. He had however to provide many of the required tapes but not everything. The unravelling of the Nixon Presidency was unstoppable now and in 1974 the “House Judiciary Committee”started to discuss Nixon’s impeachment. It proved that Nixon had engaged in extensive domestic wiretapping apart from his questionable tax deductions through which he paid almost no federal income tax in 1973. On the 24th of July 1974 the Supreme Court ordered Nixon to give the tapes he had withheld. Those tapes were supposed to contain evidence of Nixon’s personal involvement in the Watergate operations including reflections about Watergate burglars being engaged in CIA operations. The verdict was that if he would not leave office on his own decision, he would be impeached, convicted and removed from office. On the 8th of August 1974 Nixon announced his resignation and Vice-President Ford was administered the Presidential oath on the 9th of August.
Richard Milhous Nixon, the 37th President of the United States of America was supported by powerful circles in Washington when he was elected President in 1968. The US was unsettled as due to social unrest, in part due to the Vietnam war and in part as a result of the aftermath following 2 assassinations of perhaps both the most prominent political figures (MLK and RFK) representing the movement of social change and justice , – including the end of the war in Vietnam. I repeat this once more to put some matters in perspective.
President Johnson voiced private concerns in 1964 that Vietnam would become a second Korea but he was already so much compromised by his own past, including CIA and FBI collaborations, not being able to take a different course of action. Hence he did not go for a second term. However again, he warned his Vice-President Hubert Humphrey not to turn against the Vietnam war as otherwise his chances on the Democratic nomination would be destroyed. In a way LBJ did aid in the process to get Nixon elected.
Both the Pentagon and the CIA have the perception that Presidents come and go and as long as the military interests of the US are not compromised, they take no obvious interest who has the reigns in the White House, as long long term interest are not at stake. Those long term interests are fairly restricted to the military US interests. Needless to say that those views may clash with the Presidential powers in the White House. Prominent people in US politics may be succesful to be elected Commander in Chief with profoundly different views on the strategic views of the US in the future, in which case “national security” will be considered. This is the reason that both JFK and RFK became the victim of assassination plots to make the way free for persons who were able to coöperate more with those background powers.
The strategic powers of both those Government Agencies are very strong and do own all the means to drive their points in ways the public has no knowledge of. This does not mean that all people working for either CIA or Pentagon are wrong. Most of them are highly regarded professionals with both courage and integrity, however both Organisations are that large that some people at the wrong time in certain positions can make significant differences to the culture by which those Agencies work. This culture does not change overnight with a new Chief or Director, if the previous one had a controversial impact.. The right US President at the time can make a huge difference with nominating people with high credentials in those positions, – however the wrong President at a certain time can make from this point of view devastating failures with implications beyond imagination. It clearly makes the system of US Governance not fool-proof, as corruption may as such develop at the highest levels of US powers,- whilst both Congress and the public are kept in the dark. Richard Nixon was one of those Presidents, allowing collaboration with those forces who have neither much conscious nor morality. Strict regulation and control of those powers is required as a national security interest which favours the many in the US, and not only a few in Washington. The reflections in retrospect of some insiders of both FBI and Military establishment including the CIA do speak in clear terms about involvement in terrible actions throughout decades, neither controlled by the President nor with insight from Congress. The Eisenhower administration warned already for the excessive powers of both the CIA and the Pentagon and it has been clear what those powers are able to inflict if opposed by powerful different views, but also what they are able to inflict to regain control via the persons being elected US President.
Coming back on what has been stated before: it proved that Nixon had engaged in extensive domestic wiretapping, apart from questionable tax deductions through which he paid almost no federal income tax at all in 1973. On the 24th of July 1974 the supreme Court ordered Nixon to give the tapes he had withheld. Those tapes were supposed to contain evidence of Nixon’s personal involvement in the Watergate operations, including reflections about Watergate burglars being engaged in CIA operations. The verdict was that if he did not leave the White House on his own decision, he would be impeached, convicted and removed from office. On the 8th of August 1974 Nixon announced his resignation and Vice President Gerald Ford took over as US President on the 9th of August. Only 1 month in his Presidency, Ford pardoned Richard Nixon completely, avoiding as such further investigations in the Watergate burglary as this would have far more implications than the public knows. Gerald Ford has been part of the Warren Commission with the task to investigate the JFK assassination. Gerald Ford “the CIA man in Congress” had very close links with Allen Dulles, ex CIA Director who was sacked by John F Kennedy. Gerald Ford had close links with Nixon, in part as he became his Vice-President at a time when there was the potential that Richard Nixon could run in trouble over Watergate. This all happened when FBI Chief Hoover was still alive. Obviously we know that Spiro Agnew had to resign but his succession was for strategic reasons vital. Gerald Ford was a very close with FBI Chief Hoover as well. This Presidential Pardon for Nixon will be discussed in the next chapter
The question as whether President Nixon did contribute to the country needs to be answered in the affirmative. As a person and a President he appeared to have major flaws. As will be revealed later he was compromised already before entering the White House. After the JFK assassination he was the second US President (we will discus this later) who should have been convicted after a full further Watergate investigation. Nixon had a very strong personal ambition and drive, by nature he was often unpredictable and at times leaning on his staff.
Did he violate justice at the time of his Presidency and before? The answer is yes. He deserved to be impeached and sadly the Watergate scandal was never further investigated as it would have revealed a more darker side of Nixon than we know.
Strictly spoken by any moral standards he was not suitable for the US Presidency and in terms of timing we can be glad in retrospect that he was not the “Commander-in-Chief” during the Cuban missile crisis. The world would not have existed anymore as he would have done what Allan Dulles presented him. Cuba would have been attacked and the Russian Commanders would have ordered to fire installed nuclear missiles back to the major cities in the US.
Let’s say that history has been mild from this point of view, but history has been relentless in terms of corrupting powers at the United States government.People may have skill and talent, but if they have a lack of conscious justice gets violated and things go wrong. Error’s are always possible. Genuine people make them but they are genuine to admit them and correct them. The problem with Nixon was that he was not very genuine. It was somewhat wishful thinking perhaps when he said: “I am not a crook!”
Lets face it, the US as a country of generally genuine people is far more than the sum of the failures and corruptions of past Governments, but neither the past nor the future can take away the criminal actions which took place and processes need to be in place that this will never ever happen anymore as the US needs to raise above the standards from the past!
Will be continued>>>>>>in Part 3
“I am making a collection of the things my opponents have found me to be, and when this election is over I am going to open a museum and put them on display” -LBJ.
Perhaps Lyndon Baines Johnson neither needs a museum to put his assumed actions by his opponents on display, nor does he need the archives and classified documents to support his actions, – as history will deal with this eventually when at about 2029 any of the secret documents not being destroyed over time, will be disclosed to the public.
His Presidency marked a change history would take, neither by choice of the public, nor by justice assumed to be operating in the systems of US government. His Presidency and the entire Executive branch at his time is still surrounded in some mystery.
Many historians tried to describe both the man and his years in public office, and all have been succesful in giving some details of this man in action, smart and bright in his background dealings, charming at times in private conversations, – but at the same time a man to be dealt with with caution. Lyndon Johnson would not shy away from any operation if the last would save his public career.
Whilst discussing LBJ, the question might be raised how far a person is prepared to go to compromise justice if so required, to save his personal and public reputation against any wrong doings in the past. Obviously the last depends on what happened in this past.
From any person to become US President it might be assumed that apart from the drive to power there are generally spoken good intentions to contribute to the country. Once being faced with the responsibility of the US Presidency the perception of people in this role do change in line with the requirements of this role and the broader responsibilities, – extending by far the responsibilities of being a US Senator or Governor. Still the element of choice is around to compromise yourself based on wrong advise, compromise yourself as result of the history you have (of perhaps being compromised already) and people being prepared to help you at the highest level as long as you know “you owe them” as well. The scenario’s are always complex, different as well, for each US President. Some US Presidents have been in a position never ever being compromised in the past, entering from this point of view with a clear conscience in the White House. They had nothing (“terrible”) to hide, don’t need the favours from FBI and others to protect their past from becoming public knowledge. Speaking in the present, they don’t need to “pay back” with certain favours and deals never to be made public. Strictly spoken this is the best position as when you are principal centred you can’t go much wrong, despite genuine errors and mistakes perhaps. However if this is not the case and you are already compromised before entering the White House, the level of dependence on those who are prepared to protect your history from becoming public knowledge (within the same systems of the Executive branch) are not without risk. Some may compromise themselves even further in those complex scenario’s where conscience is slowly losing control of the actions being required, even at the highest level of public office in the US. “Review of the JFK assassination 2011″ in the June 2011 edition of this blog gives an extensive picture of the level of criminal corruption at the Executive branch of the United States of America when Johnson took over from John Fitzgerald Kennedy, the 35th US President.
As will be illustrated on LBJ – power can be dangerous, especially if the systems of governance at times are allowed to work outside the domain of the law without being detected at the same time by the systems who are supposed to protect the law, and the integrity of public office. At times it proved that all those systems suffered from widespread criminal infestation never as such being acknowledged by the US from historic point of view.
At the end of the day it all depends on the people operating those systems at the Executive branch, however it depends as well on the people operating the Legislative branch within the US, as both the House and the US Senate have much powers. However they proved not always to work with the public interest at heart as due to dominating powers at the background compromising this public interest.
In the above spirit US Presidents from LBJ until the latest Bush Administration will be discussed, not as an attack on the American system of government, but as a concern that the systems of governance (the physical exercise of managing both power and policy in the US) has been so weak for decades in the democratic republic of the US. It is a reflection of a deep-rooted unresolved problem where it seems that the Union of the US as a concept has neither been perfect nor optimal. The last however is a minimum requirement.
People who were or became US President did live in the White House at a certain time in history, had to face certain pre-existing dynamics and most of the time they tried to deal with this as good as possible within the given circumstances. They could make a personal choice to grow in those circumstances and leave a legacy despite some violations of justice. As an US President it is almost impossible to make always the best possible decision at any given possible time, as much is dependent on the perception and advise being created within both cabinet, advisers and Agencies. However where justice get compromised still there is the personal choice to make it better or worse, to make it better or bitter.
It is the dilemma we all face as people, however within the position of the highest executive powers this requires the wisdom to be aware that once’s actions may decide the lives and wellbeing of many others. It can make a Nation grow or break on its fundamentals, its future. It can make a Nation develop in surplus or deficit, both morally and financially.
Within this context we start with Lyndon Baines Johnson, or LBJ as he was often called.
Lyndon Johnson (1908-1973) was born close to Stonewall in Texas and his family with a Baptist background was quite involved in State’s politics. He worked as a high school teacher and after the Japanese attack on “Pearl Harbour” he joined straight away the US Navy.
He was a “New Deal” Democrat representative in 1937 before actually joining the Navy during the war. In 1948 he did win the race to be the Democratic senator for Texas and under the Presidency of John F Kennedy he served as Vice President. LBJ has been the majority leader in the Senate since 1955 and after the JFK assassination on the 22nd of November 1963 in Dallas (Texas) , he became the new US President without having initially an electoral mandate. With a huge majority he was elected in the US Presidential elections of 1964 and managed without much resistance to pass the Civil Rights Act through Congress in 1964. This bill was largely prepared already by JFK the previous year, not popular at the time. The battle for civil rights as we know has been a long one and significant incidents during the Kennedy Administration prepared the Kennedy team for the required legislative changes to pass Congress once reelected, but history took a different course of action..
Once elected with such majority of voters Johnson with the complete backing of the US military powers, ordered in 1965 the Airmobile Division and forces of the CIA to go to Vietnam to increase the US fighting strength, followed by an increase in military fighting strength from 75000 to 125000 man on the ground. This evolved quite quickly after the 1964 elections in 1965. As often happens in history there needs to be a trigger to get public opinion on board when it applies to extending or starting war. LBJ used a surprise Vietcong attack at Pleiku in which 6 American military advisers were killed and 116 wounded on the 6th of February 1865. LBJ’s aides assisted him with a 2 stage and premeditated contingencies plan , prepared several months before the attack. The first step was a retaliation airstrike in North Vietnam and the second step was to intensify the air war. History shows this was implemented in 1965.
It proved that LBJ decided on this level of intervention without really considering the costs and implications. Looking at the last Bush Administration we see that history tend to repeat itself, however the triggers are different. Bush used 9/11 to go to war in Afghanistan and the second step was the war in Iraq. He as well did not consider the costs and the wider implications, a legacy which did leave the US with both a material and immaterial deficit, billions of dollars lost and not being accounted for, a multi trillion budget deficit, more than a million lives being lost and human rights being compromised at the limits against the Convention of Geneva.
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Dx8-ffiYyzA&feature=player_detailpage (Report of the Gulf of Tonkin incident – LBJ)
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HODxnUrFX6k&feature=player_detailpage (Gulf of Tonkin: McNamara admits it did not happen)
As part of the slogan “The Great Society” LBJ implemented a few economic and social welfare programs, including MediCare for the elderly and legislation to improve education, whilst increasing the war efforts. He needed this public support at the domestic front to carry out in close coöperation with the military powers a most excessive war program in Vietnam, as this was the agenda of the military leaders in the US.
As a result of the huge war implications in Vietnam an active anti-war movement within the US started to grow with fast increasing levels of public dissatisfaction with LBJ. LBJ was pushed by both the CIA and the Pentagon not to change direction and as both the CIA and Pentagon were the background powers playing a part in the JFK’s assassination with LBJ’s full approval and awareness beforehand, he had not much choice to continue the way it was to aim for a US military victory. By the end of August 1966 only 47% in the US did approve Johnson’s Presidency. The war became increasingly unpopular. By 1968 more than 500000 US military troops were concentrated in Vietnam. The war was costing some 2 billion dollars a month and meanwhile more bombs were dropped in Vietnam than during the second world war.
Within this context the new York Senator Robert Francis Kennedy decided to run for the Presidency in 1968, being a major representative of the anti-war movement and social justice.
LBJ faced “a catch 22 position”. He became aware that the Vietnam was an “ugly war” after his new Defence Secretary Clark Clifford following the replacement of Robert McNamara tried to seek a political solution. LBJ was stuck. With RFK being likely a successful candidate and both the CIA and Pentagon still pushing the war in Vietnam he was facing a predicament. The background US powers were loyal to him as there was a reciprocal arrangement between him and the background powers regarding the premeditated JFK assassination and him (LBJ) taking over as US President. Johnson had no other choice than to resign, in despair. Before this, LBJ did fully support the JFK assassination cover up with installing the Warren Commission and highly CIA favourable representatives running the historical falsehood this Commission provided to mislead the US people and Congress. With LBJ deciding not to be reelected anymore in 1968 it did not mean that the CIA and Pentagon’s directions about Vietnam had changed. This direction needed to be continued after 1968, with still being the issues around the JFK assassination a matter of “national security” not to be disclosed and the direction of Vietnam as part of the same “national security” not to be discontinued. It opened the way for new background dynamics neither to be compromised nor to be disclosed. The powers behind the US President were very smart in playing the democratic systems within the US at their own benefit.
The RFK assassination including the assassination of Martin Luther King, jr facilitated elections in which Richard Nixon could be elected. Lyndon Johnson could not face the Vietnam war anymore where he could not find a way out without repercussions. He was an unpopular President and as reflected he would likely lose the 1968 elections anyway.The week after LBJ declined to accept the nomination from the Democratic Party for another term as President – Robert Kennedy was assassinated in Los Angeles after winning the California primaries, which would almost secure him to get the Democratic nomination and the Presidency in November 1968.
The anti-war demonstrations were stronger than ever before and the strongest representatives of the anti-war movement were actually Martin Luther King,jr and New York Senator Robert Francis Kennedy. Both the CIA, the FBI with Hoover and the Pentagon were opposed to the anti-war movement, opposed against a potential RFK being President in 1968. RFK would have been neither a US President being compromised by the military establishment nor by either the CIA or Hoover from the FBI. With RFK winning the California primaries in June 1968 he became the person who would likely defeat Nixon in 1968. Nixon was aware of this, like FBI Chief Hoover as well.
Nixon was from CIA perspective 100% save for US military policy and the anti-war movement needed to be broken. First by taking Martin Luther King,jr out of the picture and when Robert Kennedy increased in popularity and became the likely candidate to win the elections after the primaries in California, the premeditated strategy was to assassinate Kennedy as he was considered to be at this stage the main obstacle for CIA’s defined “national security” . The implications would be horrendous if Kennedy would be elected President in 1968. He was perhaps even more determined than his brother John J Kennedy. Both the FBI (with Hoover still being the Chief) and the CIA could not face this prospect as with RFK being President the withdrawal from Vietnam would become a fact. Hoover would likely lose his job with everything he inflicted at the background of the various scenes he played a role. However needless to say the JFK assassination with a floored Warren Commission report would be vigorously investigated again and CIA involvement with Lyndon Johnson’s part would be disclosed to the public. As such Kennedy would likely get both Congressional and public support to reorganise the CIA and bring LBJ to justice. RFK became a security risk. As a US Senator of New York he was of no harm but being the potential next President after Johnson would open all the past corruptions from US Government and “Bobby” would not take any nonsense. He did not make it. The cover up was smart and well swallowed by the American public. The question is who gave the order to take him as a second Kennedy out of the picture. Not unlikely there was Presidential approval from Johnson, because Johnson was prepared to pay any price to avoid history catching up on him, and so were the background powers at the same time.
Unrest outside the 1968 Democratic National Convention in Chicago (Illinois) with riots and protests by thousands of anti-war demonstrators (many of whom favoured McCarthy) were crushed on life television by brutal police force from Chicago (after the RFK assassination in June 1968), – which increased a growing sense of general unrest with the public. The police acted on strict orders from the FBI (Hoover).
Both the combination of LBJ being unpopular, the riots in Chicago and the discouragement of both African – Americans and liberals after the assassinations of both MLK and RFK contributed to that former Vice President Nixon (under Eisenhower) did win the Presidential elections from Hubert Humphrey (LBJ’s Vice President). Johnson had warned his Vice-President that when he would oppose the war in Vietnam, he would destroy his career.
Robert Kennedy’s assassination did not only play Nixon in his favour, but it played Nixon’s close ally Hoover and the CIA in their favour as well, besides the Pentagon. LBJ likewise did not need to worry about RFK anymore. The secrets of the 22nd of November 1963 in Dallas would be even more secured with Richard Nixon than with Hubert Humphrey, as both Nixon and Johnson had a silent agreement on this issue as both were involved.
The background powers in the US proved to be succesful in their strategic approach with impact on public opinion as well. Richard Nixon did win the Presidential elections carrying 32 States and 301 Electoral votes. Richard Nixon was an old close ally of both Hoover and the “old” military establishment.
Lyndon Baines Johnson was a highly controversial politician to start with. Smart as a politician, but corrupt before he became even Vice-President.
His involvement in the Bobby Baker scandal did never see the public light in full and the fact that he has been reportedly facilitating an assassination to silence the person who would potentially make his involvement and other corruptions public during the time he was Majority leader of the Senate gives an indication how far he was prepared to go to save his public reputation. He had people working for him to do “the dirty work”.
His ambitions to take over from JFK started already early in the White House and he was able to create at an early stage already a good relationship with both Hoover and the CIA. After the Bay of Pigs predicaments he had further dealings with Allen Dulles (who was fired as CIA Director by Kennedy) and Richard Nixon (the architect of the Bay of Pigs plans in Cuba). An important “oil representative” from Texas had a CIA assignment and a growing role at the time. His name was George Herbert Walker Bush, the son of Prescott Bush (1895–1972) a vivid JFK opponent, a close friend of both Nixon and Eisenhower.
Johnson’s relations with both President Kennedy and in particular Robert Kennedy were strained at times, the least. Robert Kennedy from the beginning was against LBJ’s nomination for the Vice Presidency. Especially both Robert Kennedy and Johnson’s relationship was very tense, – and when Robert Kennedy in his function as Attorney General got to know more about Johnson’s background including his profound corruption (and an earlier assassination) he decided with his brother the President that the time was there to find an alternative for the Vice Presidency of LBJ in 1964.
Johnson was actually a very practical choice during the elections of 1960 as within his role of Majority leader in the Senate he was quite popular. He was known for his tactical approach and many background dealings and very capable in this role. Actually he had hoped to win the democratic Presidential nomination in 1960 and personally he felt he deserved it more than Jack Kennedy.
Days before the JFK assassination Robert Kennedy was in the process of leaking most damaging information to Life Magazine about the Bobby Baker scandal in which Johnson was clearly involved. It would blow his political career for once and for all, however the 22nd of November 1963 did change history for once and for all.
FBI Chief Hoover assisted LBJ to prevent the Bobby Baker scandal leaking to the press after LBJ’s inauguration.
We may assume with LBJ knowing that Robert Kennedy was in the process of ending his political career was determined to prevent this happening at all costs. As he reflected to his mistress on various occasions he felt often utterly embarrassed by the Kennedy’s and before the 22nd of November 1963 he reflected to her that this would soon over, and that it would never happen again.
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7j5xgNH-P6M&feature=player_detailpage (History is proving LBJ has been responsible for the JFK assassination)
In retrospect Lyndon Baines Johnson should have been never US President. With a positive public image initially of being reliable and pleasant perhaps he proved otherwise to be ruthless, calculated, unstable, – and violating justice in the worst possible way against US Constitution and against the US law. The JFK assassination, the Warren Commission, key witnesses being assassinated, the Vietnam war etc do cast a very dark shadow on this otherwise capable man. Being capable and being a person of good integrity not always goes well together as proved in Johnson.
His social reforms were good. It did help public approval whilst LBJ preparing with both the CIA and the Pentagon an immediate and drastic change in the Vietnam policy after the assassination of JFK. There is obviously more to his general Presidential legacy than mentioned in the above.
However concentrating on the issue of violating justice, the measure of this man was not what he did do wrong at an incidental time of his life by error or mistake or by a relatively minor flaw of character. The issue with LBJ is what he did do wrong as a deliberate act to screw up a Nation as part of a Coupe d’Etat where he was personally involved, allowing as such the assassination of President John F Kennedy. The orchestrated cover up afterwards in which various other people were killed are part of this history. He got his way, escaping with an FBI assisted cover up of the Bobby Baker scandal when he became President and was forced in a predicament to escalate the war in Vietnam with many American and other soldiers being killed, within a conflict which actually was the conflict of South Vietnam.
Many people in retrospect do consider the war in Vietnam an error of judgement, hence JFK reportedly -and with evidence at the time – wanted to withdraw just before he was assassinated. This was not what the military background powers wanted and together with Lyndon Johnson, supported by the parts of the Executive branch a pending Coupe d’Etat was in the process of preparation. Johnson convinced Kennedy that it was important to go to Dallas in Texas to sort some frictions out in the Democratic Party which would boost his Kennedy’s support in the 1964 elections. Kennedy was warned for going to Texas but the 1964 elections were important and the reasoning of Johnson made sense. Johnson would look after some security issues and both the CIA and FBI would prove to be helpful.
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bD4611qW6R8&feature=player_detailpage (E.Howard Hunt implicates Johnson in the JFK assassination – part 1)
The Coupe d’Etat on the 22nd of November 1963 did change the direction for the US for many years to follow, with still implications in the ruling systems, – neither allowing nor permitting justice about the failures of those years during various Administrations afterwards.
Likewise the might of both the CIA and the Pentagon with Presidents either unable or unwilling to tighten control, did escalate both the losses of human lives and the costs of various pointless war’s at a level to bring a Nation on the verge of total financial collapse in 2011, apart from gross injustice being inflicted over the past decades. This happened by choice, neither controlled within the Executive branch nor regulated within the Legislative branch.
In terms of US Presidential profiles in violations of Justice, the participation in the Coupe d’Etat as it happened in 1963, the orchestration of the worst possible political crime in US history buried in the graves of many, did actually create a precedent or authority to continue certain trends at the Executive branch increasing the disconnection between citizens and the government.
This was possible in the US and in a way it is still possible. The US Constitution is at the heart of Justice, but neither the Executive branch nor the Legislative branch did allow the justice systems to work in the US as it should be. It would benefit the country so much if this would change and this first chapter on the Presidency of Lyndon Johnson gives an indication where it should have changed.
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rGYrATdJQiY&feature=player_detailpage (1960ties LBJ 1 of 2)
Former US President Richard Nixon to be discussed in part 4